-A LETTER FROM VASSIL HADZHIKIMOV TO THE COMMANDER OF THE BULGARIAN ARMY IN MACEDONIA OF THE MOTIVES FOR THE CREATION OF THE MACEDONIAN BULGARIAN CAMPAIGN COMMITTEES
-PROCLAMATION OF THE LOCAL COMMITTEE FOR
No. 45 - ORDER OF THE GERMAN MILITARY COMMANDANT FOR
No. 47 - FRAGMENT
LEADING ARTICLE IN
-ARTICLE FROM VASSIL HADZHIKIMOV, ENTITLED “TOWARDS UNANIMITY AND CREATIVITY”
-A LETTER FROM BCCC TO THE COMMANDER OF THE GERMAN ARMY IN
-A TELEGRAM FROM BCCC TO THE LEADERS OF
A PETITION FROM MITE APOSTOLOV MATOVSKI TO THE MINISTER OF WAR FOR THE LIBERATION OF HIS SON MIHAIL MITEV (MIHAYLO APOSTOLSKi) FROM GERMAN CAPTIVITY
Shtip, July 23, 1941
My son, MIHAIL
MITEV, active major in the headquarters of
the Drava division in Liubliana, was captured in the present war near
I am taking the liberty to ask you most politely, General, to be so kind to order the necessary steps to be undertaken, so that my son, who is Bulgarian, born by Bulgarian parents in the town of Shtip, to be set free.
Dear General, I take the liberty to add, that I am one of the first good Bulgarians from the town of Shtip, I have worked for Bulgaria and for the Bulgarian spirit, and in the World War I was a volunteer from the Bulgarian army and was wounded at the Albanian border by an enemy bullet, and due to this wound I am now disabled. After my home-coming from the war I found my property destructed and sacked, so I became an ordinary shoemaker, and my numerous family lived in scarcity.
The only expectation and consolation for me and for my family was my son Mihail, who is now a captive and who joined the Serbian army not for love to the country, but like a member of a very poor family, in order to find there temporary living with an expectation that the country some day would join the Motherland and then he could serve to our beloved Bulgarian Tsar and the country.
I am looking forward my petition to be satisfied, and I remain sincerely yours. With respect:
CM A, f. 20, op. IV, a.e. 25. Original, typed
A LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT OF BCCC TO STEPHAN
Dear MISTER CHAPRASHIKOV,
Your decision - to
make a trip round
Be welcome, feel love to our beautiful people here, give them your heart, work for the wellbeing of the whole nation - and you will complete your mission here in the most favorable way!
The problems that agitate the Bulgarian people here, are the following:
1. Millions of kilograms of food, not less than 10 000 000 kilos should be sent as soon as possible. One part of this quantity should be at disposal to the Bulgarian territories under Italian rule, and their transportation should be arranged by the by the respective Bulgarian authorities, and to insist before the Italians not to touch, the food intended for our population.
2. As soon as possible the supply of essentials should be arranged: sugar, salt, soap, fuel and oil, which should be distributed with coupons, in order to avoid speculation, and the poor to be able to obtain some for themselves.
3. As soon as possible should start the construction of roads and railroads, schools and other public buildings in order to provide jobs for thousands of workers, who were placed in a miserable situation after the lightning war and victory of Adolph Hitler.
Material support should
be provided to the clerks and the teachers until they start work again.
Hundreds of teachers and clerks should be sent to help to the local
intelligence to start work immediately, not only in respect of the
language, but also in respect of law and administration. To this
purpose let all respective clerks from
Prices in leva to be
established all over
A 1:60 exchange rate to
be adopted for small quantities. To stop the import of big amounts of
7. To start even partially the repayment of the bank deposits of the small savers, because they suffer mostly.
8. All Serbians should be sent away and their property should be confiscated for the poor Bulgarians here, or be restituted to the people, whose it was.
9. Lots of
activities should start for the maximum use of
the stamina of the Macedonian Bulgarian, of the rich Macedonian soil,
of the natural open and underground resources, which are great,
according to Serbian and Greek scientists. The wealth: cotton, opium,
rice, silk, cattle breading, fruit growing, etc., should be developed
and increased in order to relieve the slate budget of worries for
10. The transport to be arranged in a way that the movement of people and goods should be fast.
The cultural and
educational work in
12. The oppression
The Ministry of War
should do everything possible for the Bulgarian Macedonians - prisoners
of war to be set free, as well as those from the
14. Attention should be paid to people's health, which hero was badly shaken because of the Greek and Serbian regime.
15. The best administration should be sent here and the local clerks should be incorporated in it.
16. The affairs of
The Bulgarian economy could satisfy all of these needs, as it is arranged according to the German system, and since there is no possibility for import and export of Leva, our economy could carry such an additional burden.
The Bulgarian experience and the spirit of the greatest revolution in the world, led by the great Fuhrer Adolph Hitler, require a new attitude and regulation by the state to the liberated from oppression Bulgarian lands; the inveterated understanding has to be eliminated, and thus the work to be finished constructively.
Let the administration think not that the laws made for free people, could and must be applied immediately and integrally in the free lands too, where everything was upside down until recently.
Let the committees remain - to do their work, to be controlled by the government, to receive directives from it, but not to be destroyed, because such an act would be an offense towards those who in fact showed their devotion to the Tsar, state and people, and created in Bulgarian rule and its authority at a time, when the Ministries in Sofia had no idea for what was happening in the first days of the German occupation in Macedonia.
1 am informing you for all that, dear Mr. Chaprashikov, because 1 know, that you have a stateman's view of all these and because I believe that you would like...
CSA, fund 1591, list 3, file 28, pages 1-2 - Original.
A LETTER FROM VASSIL HADZHIKIMOV TO THE COMMANDER OF THE BULGARIAN ARMY IN MACEDONIA OF THE MOTIVES FOR THE CREATION OF THE MACEDONIAN BULGARIAN CAMPAIGN COMMITTEES
In connection with
my tour round
1. The people accept the idea for the consultation body at the municipalities very well. In this respect until today there are not big results, especially in the villages. In some places the citizen’s committees were taken as a base, and in others (Gevgeli, Kavadar, etc.), the latter play the role also of council bodies, and of real nests of the Bulgarian political thought and Bulgarian culture, which, nobody could deny, Macedonia needs.
The citizens' committees have to be regarded in this sense if they will not be left to exist together with the council bodies, as a form of the citizens' unity and creativity, which allow a social manifestation of the people, and establishing on a broader basis a lively contact between it and the state in the face of its bodies. That is how the authorities in Gevgeli and Kavadar understood them and where with their assistance they were transformed and replenished with new people, since at the time they were created by causal personalities.
My request is that
the committees are left to function
along with the council bodies, so that the people could participate
more actively in them, as a guarantee, that the political
would not degenerate. The Bulgarian Central Committee will stop
functioning latter, of course, as not it is still needed. Thus the
citizens' committees shall not be limited to the limits they have in
Thus, I believe, we will be at last understood. That we are not enough understood and appreciated I realized from the situation in the Bulgarian club in Salonica. The members of this club - the presidents (Yaranov, Chaushev and Beshevliev) had the full moral and material support of the state, although they did not do even a fourth of what we did here. Why are we measured in different ways? I do not understand. When we have to ask for days for a sliver, the people there have at their disposal hundred thousands Levas, cars, airplanes, etc. Despite that they arc not successful, because it is not only money which determines the success of an initiative. We are not sure even for our own living - I have in mind me and the President.
2. On my way to
Salonica, I passed through Lerin, Voden,
and Enidzhevardar. In the first two towns, under the Greeks nose I
formed committees, and gave the needed directives to the elected
people. In Enidzhevardar, because of the strong influence of the
Bulgarian club in Salonica I did not want to interfere in foreign
domains. My impression is that the Greeks have managed better with
assimilation, than the Serbs. The Bulgarian national spirit
and it will be difficult one day, if we obtain these lands, to access
them to Motherland
also needed interpreters for this
region, and mat.* intellectuals from
I do not want to
overburden you with the enumeration of
all the needs. But there is an important fact, which I cannot pass:
because of Greek's cruelties (pulling out of eyes, cutting noses, and
ears of the captured German soldiers), the attitude of the German
authorities towards them has changed. This has to be used and
underlined by our people - that only in the face of the Bulgarians from
With respect, the signature is missing**
CSA, f. 396, op. 1, a.6. 37, sheet 3
** The document was typed, this is probably a second copy.
PROCLAMATION OF THE
LOCAL COMMITTEE FOR
In our desire to help for protection of the order and the security in the town of Skopje and the region and also to meet all unexpected events that could happen, and have lo do with the honor, the life, the property, and the freedom of our people, we inform you, that a local committee for Skopje and the region was elected. It will take in its hands the protection of our interests and will also fight for them.
To this aim was formed
People's militia for
The members of the
committee take the responsibility for providing food for the people,
and also for arranging of all matters - economic, administrative
We inform you on the above, and invite you voluntarily and consciously, no matter of religion and nationality, to support our deed, because it is also yours, so that we could survive with less difficulties now and in future. Therefore the following has to be done:
1. All clerks from the administration as from tomorrow must occupy their places and start working.
2. All shops must be opened as from tomorrow during the working hours. We also declare, that the Bulgarian Lev will serve, as until now, for purchasing and selling, both in banknotes and coupons.
Our destiny, brothers, is in our hands. Let us be wise, brave and ready for any sacrifices for the people's wellbeing.
ORDER OF THE GERMAN
MILITARY COMMANDANT FOR
The most important
duties for the citizens now are to
help the authority protect the order, the freedom and the security in
1. The men aged
from 25 to 35 to be mobilized for town
The aim of this militia
is to keep the order, tranquility and security in
3. The citizens of
4. As chief of the militia I have appointed and mobilized the lawyer Mr. Stephan Stephanov, and as his Deputy - Mr. Emin Yashar, also mobilized.
5. All officers from the former Yugoslav and Bulgarian armies and also all police officers are obliged to come at the indicated time and place, and to consider themselves mobilized.
6. The service in the militia is not paid, it is honorable, but the poor people receive remunerations.
7. Air-defense will continue functioning. All attendants in it are mobilized and have to be present at their headquarters at the same time.
The Air Defense
will also be managed by the Chief of the
German Military Commandant
Macedonia, newspaper, No. 1, September 19, 1944. Cited by the memoirs of V. Hadzhikimov. CSHA, fund 1932, list 4, file 32, page 62.
For its unification in one country the Bulgarian people led centuries-long struggle and gave countless beloved sacrifices.
Be united in this crucial and great moment, forget your personal problems, live with the thought for creative work for the country's and people's sake, because the truth is: when the country and the people are well - each citizen is well.
We have to finish a lot of work. Nobody will remain hungry or jobless. Everybody will have the chance to live with dignity.
Never forget the national bequeath:
One United Bulgarian nation!
One Strong Bulgarian state!
One Bulgarian Tsar!
Let us be pervaded only by this great thought, and work together for its implementation.
Long live the Tsar of all Bulgarians - Tsar Boris III!
Macedonia, newspaper, No. 2, May 3, 1941
FRAGMENT FROM THE
LEADING ARTICLE IN
anything better for all Balkan nations than
a free and independent
But even if this great deed would be not completed, which of the Balkan countries will be against an independent Macedonia, that will set up its internal life, in a way, which would allow her develop deep and wide social reforms, which will appear as a resurrection of all nationalities and religions on the Macedonian land!
ARTICLE FROM VASSIL HADZHIKIMOV, ENTITLED “TOWARDS UNANIMITY AND CREATIVITY”
For twenty days I
have been in permanent contact with
you. Twenty days, assisted more or less by the joint efforts of all
good patriots, I perform the holly deed of
Bulgarians, are well known in the world with our
persistence, with our firm national consciousness, with our good
to work and, especially for the Bulgarians in
But along with that, dear brothers, due to the economic and spiritual oppression, during the rule were formed many prejudices and habits, remainders from party quarrels of the former regimes, numerous elements of demoralization and disadvantages, which, although excusable, could not be endured any more, since all of us are inspired by the idea for common prosperity of the country and the people.
First of all, the
personal prejudice and ambitions in the
elderly people everyone of them to be the first one, has to be
categorically condemned. Everybody must know his place and to show
himself by his personal qualities with understanding, and not by force.
Here the merits towards origin and motherland could be taken under
consideration but who has not deserved it? But it is not this, which is
essential. In the contemporary slate priority have, without rejecting
the moral, the knowledge, the capacity of everybody taken
and not the big ambitions, deprived of actual content. All good, noble
and capable Bulgarians will lake part in the formation of a new life,
and for everybody - young and old job will be available, so that he
would not look with envy to his neighbor. Especially the citizens'
committees have to involve more energetic, the worthiest sons of
The impatience in
the young people to do everything at
once and in a way that they propose also is wrong. In this respect let
us be more patient and more modest in our demands, and not to loose the
connection with reality and the faith, that it is to the young people
that today and tomorrow belong and that the future of
Long live His Majesty Tsar Boris III - the Tsar of all Bulgarians!
Long live Great United Bulgaria!
V. H. Kimov
Macedonia, newspaper, No. 2, May 3, 1941.
A LETTER FROM BCCC TO
THE COMMANDER OF THE
GERMAN ARMY IN
Adolph Hitler, the
mighty leader of Great Germany,
ordered to his unconquerable armies, and they with a lightning blow
The Macedonian Bulgarians, liberated from the century-long oppression accept their liberation as the most important day in their life.
And, in order to be their joy full, with the present they allow themselves to ask you, dear General, for the following:
To give orders that all Bulgarians from Macedonia, officers and soldiers, prisoners of war to be set free, if possible - a day, or two before Christmas, the biggest holiday in the orthodox world, whose celebration starts on 20th this month.
With this gesture, dear General, you will gain the gratitude and the appreciation of all Macedonian Bulgarians.
As a representative of the interests of the Macedonian Bulgarians, we ask you to issue the necessary order and we assure you in our loyalty and gratitude.
Macedonia, newspaper, No. 2, May 3, 1941.
A TELEGRAM FROM BCCC TO
THE LEADERS OF
Central Campaign Committee of Macedonia
appeals to the Head of independent