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J< !@545F. >H;8  ?>4 3>@>N 8B>H5N =0 @cFc A:@c (AB@. 308). CA8O 18;  =0 !B8?>=8 , <8=0;  <i>?@c4c;J 3>@K</i> ACI5</span><span lang="en-gb" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS">e</span><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> @074c;ONI5<img border="0" src="ie_2.jpg" width="18" height="14"> A8EL 8 C40@8; A@5IC AJ@18B5. N@3 @0=:>28G =0E;C; >B AB@0=8 (87L @51@L). CA0 18; 4>3>=5= ?@8 A:J@0;  <img border="0" src="ie_2.jpg" width="18" height="14"><LH5 ?@c;><82LH5 >C4028H5 . A25= N@3 BC: 18;8 8 048G  G5;L=8:J 8 2>52>48B5 (08= 8 8E08;.  Nota bene N@3 @0=:>28G =0 <i> 8OB>28G</i>.  !B5D0= ?>;CG8; >?@8O= 8  AB@0=>C =5?>;<img border="0" src="ia.jpg" width="17" height="14"> .]</span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="8">8</a></b>. Zinkeisen, I, AB@. 431. 0 C4CH20=5 3>2>@OB 8 ;5B>?8A8B5, :0B> 4020B 8 B>G=0B0 40B0.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">409</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">!2@;83 8 !>:>;5F (4=5A  0=O), ?;5=8; %0<C7 153, 8725; A5;A:8B5 68B5;8 8 ?@5A5;8; 2 >1;0ABB0 <564C ?;0=8=8B5 B0= 8 7@5= :>;>=8AB8 >B 4@C38 >1;0AB8. !;54 B>20 ?@5<8=0; 3@0=8F0B0 8 702>N20; A@J1A:8B5 :@5?>AB8 >;20= 8 8?>20F (@0720;8=8B5 8< 8 4>A530 ;8G0B >:>;> ;5:A8=0F), !B0;0G ?@8 A;820=5B> =0 425B5 >@028 8 >?@80= (@>:C?;5). <a href="#9">[9]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">CA0 >B=5; >B 2870=B89F8B5 ?@8?>=B89A:0B0 AB@0=0 8 "5A0;8O 8 =0?04=0; A0<0B0 870=B8O, => 18; >B1;JA=0B. 0B>20 ?J: =0=5AJ; =0 1@0B A8 >E0<54, :>30B> ?>A;54=8OB A ?><>IB0 =0 3J@F8B5 ?@5<8=020; >AD>@0, B0:>20 ?>@065=85 ?@8 =46838A, G5 B>9 5420< CA?O; 40 A5 2J@=5 2 78O.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">564C B>20 !B5D0= 070@528G A2J@70; AJN7 ?@>B82 CA0 A .ACD,  =0G0;=8: =0 >=AB0=B8=>20B0 75<O , 8 A 838B, A:>?A:8 ?>3@0=8G5= 2>52>40, :>8B> 8 420<0B0 871O30;8 >B 70B2>@0 =0 CA0 2 8<>B8:0 8 A5 2J@=0;8 2 >1;0AB8B5 A8.  AJI>B> 2@5<5 2870=B89F8B5 87?@0B8;8 !N;59<0=>28O A8= <i>@E0=</i> <a href="#10">[10]</a> 2 !>;C=, B0 40 ?>G=5 B>9 B0< 2>5==8 459AB28O A ?><>IB0 =0 A;02O=A:8O 1>;O@8= >340= <a href="#11">[11]</a> 8 =0 BC@A:8B5 :>;>=8AB8 2 0:54>=8O. CA0 >10G5 ?;5=8; @E0= 8 70?>2O40; 40 <C 87204OB >G8B5, 70275; 75<OB0 =0 >340=, =0E;C; A;54 B>20 2 !J@18O 8 @0718; 45A?>B0 ?@8 @J1=8F0, <a href="#12">[12]</a> =540;5G >B @CH520F (1413 3.).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3"> >E0<54 2 B>20 2@5<5 A5 AJ548=8; B09=> A 2A8G:8 2@03>25 =0 A2>O 1@0B 8 ?>B53;8; ?@57 >AD>@0 ?@02> ?@>B82 !J@18O. 540;5G >B ;>2482, ?@8 J;30 ;82040 8;8 0:@>;82040, B>9 A5 A@5I=0; A CA0. >E0<54 >10G5 3> >18:>;8;, 4>HJ; 4> ?>;5B> >1@8G :@09 ">?;8F0, 345B> A5 ?@8AJ548=8;8 :J< =53> !B5D0= 070@528G, <0:54>=A:8OB >340= 8 2A8G:8 ?0H8 >B 52@>?59A:8B5 ?@>28=F88. BB0< B>9 B@J3=0; :J< 2G5 ?>;5 2 !525@=0 0:54>=8O, 0 A;54 B>20 =0 87B>: :J< !0<>:>2, ?> ?JBO, :>9B> 2>48 ?>:@09 B>O 3@04 >B !:>?85 70 "0B0@ 070@468:. A@54 A:0;8AB8B5 ?@>;><8, ?@57 :>8B> A:J@ ?@>B8G0 >B !0<>:>2 2 !>D89A:0B0 :>B;>28=0, ?@8 A. '0<C@;8 8<0 54=0 <0;:0 @02=8=0, H8@>:0 >:>;> 420 :8;><5B@0. "C: =0 10 N;8 1413 3. AB0=0;> @5H8B5;=>B> A@065=85 <564C >E0<54 8 CA0. CA0, G8OB> 2>9A:0 ?>@048 <=>3>B> 153J;F8 >B =53> =5 =04<8=0;0 F8D@0B0 7000 5=8G0@8, A5 @07?>;>68; =0 ;035@ ?@8 )8?>=5 8;8 !B>?>=8>= (EB8<0=) 8 ?@57 ?;0=8=8B5 4>AB83=0; 4> A:J@A:0B0 4>;8=0.  >E0<54>20B0 2>9A:0 A5 >B;8G8;8 AJ@18B5, :>8B> ?>4 2>48B5;AB2>B> =0</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="9">9</a></b>. >=AB0=B8=, 874. =0 /38G, 3;. 42, AB@. 307 (206=0 5 70 >?@545;O=5 =0 1J;30@>-A@J1A:0B0 3@0=8F0).  A@J1A:8O ;5B>?8A G5B5< 54=0 15;56:0 :   6921 3. (1413) CA0 ?>1548 1J;30@8B5 8 38 87A5;8 =0 23 0?@8;. "C@A:8B5 872>@8 3>2>@OB 70 ?@5275<0=5 =0 G5B8@8 1J;30@A:8 3@040 8 <564C BOE @>2048O. %0<5@ (Gesch. des osman. Reiches, I AB@. 355) 871@>O20 0@02048, >4@5=8, 5?@8 8 :4651>;8 (30B>?>;?), >B :>8B> A0<> ?J@28OB =8 5 8725AB5=. Leunclavius, AB@. 422,  Prevedinum cepit et Mutrin , A;54 B>20 848=.  >?8A0=>B> >B 0E0@852 ?@540=85 (AB@. 75) A5 @07?@02O, G5 4>1@5 C:@5?5=8OB :0;C35@>2A:8 <0=0AB8@  !2. 8:>;0 =0 ">?>;=8F0 18; @07@CH5=, :>30B> >:>;=8B5 68B5;8 A5 70I8I020;8 2 =53> A@5IC /O ?0H0,?J;:>2>45F =0 CA0-:5A5468, :>9B> 18; 87?@0B5= >B 1@0B0 A8 '5;518 AC;B0= (>E0<54) 40 ?>:>@8 B578 75<8. 045=0B0 3>48=0 (1419) 5 3@5H=0 : CA0 5 C<@O; 2 1413 3.  [0 702;04O20=5B> =0 G5B8@8 1J;30@A:8 3@040 >B CA0 26. 8 BC@A:8B5 E@>=8:8 =0 !0<8.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="10">10</a></b>. Chalcocondylas (Stritter, II, AB@. 358). 0 @E0= >=AB0=B8=, AB@. 306.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="11">11</a></b>. [Chalcocondylas, AB@. 178 : ! q }.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="12">12</a></b>. [<i>@J1=8F0</i> >7=0G020 8 &25B=0B0 =545;O.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">410</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">5>@38 @0=:>28G, 048G '5;=8:, (08= 8 8E08; A5 @07?>;>68;8 =0 ;035@0 A8  ?>4 8B>H0 =0 A:J@ . BG0O=0 1>@10 70?>G=0;0, :@0OB =0 :>OB> @5H8; 5>@38 @0=:>28G A 54=> D;0=3>2> =0?045=85 2J@EC =5?@8OB5;O. ! 157C<=0 E@01@>AB CA0 87AO:J; A>1AB25=>@JG=> <=>3> 2@03>25. 0B> 284O; @01>B0B0 873C15=0, B>9 A5 >?8B0; A0< 40 A5 A?0A8 A 1O3AB2> =0 :>=O A8, => 18; =0AB83=0B =0 1@530 =0 @5:0B0 8 C4CH5=. @0B <C ?>1548B5;OB BJ@65AB25=> ?>3@510; BO;>B> <C 2 @CA0. "0:J2 18; :@0OB =0 CA0, B>78  72O@ , :0:B> 3> =0@8G0 >=AB0=B8= >AB5=5G:8; 2 N6=>A;02O=A:8B5 ?5A=8 8 ?@540=8O 8<5B> <C G5AB> A5 A@5I0 =0@54 A 8<5=0B0 =0 4@C38B5 <5AB=8 N=0F8 :0B> <i>CA0 5A5468O</i>, B. 5</span><span lang="en-gb" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype">.</span><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> CA0 @071>9=8:. <a href="#13">[13]</a></span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">0 '0<C@;89A:>B> 1>9=> ?>;5 702J@H8;8 @074>@8B5 <564C 0O784>28B5 =0A;54=8F8, <i>>E0<54 I</i> (1413 1421 3.) =03@048; AJN7=8F8B5 A8 A 3>;5<8 75<8. 870=B89F8B5 ?>;CG8;8 >B=>2> ?@8?>=B89A:8B5 A8 3@04>25 8 "5A0;8O, 0 !B5D0= 070@528G, 157 G8OB> ?><>I CA0 5420 ;8 I5H5 40 1J45 ?>1545=, ?>;CG8; 3@. >?@80= (@>:C?;5), 7=5?>;A:0B0 8 <=>3> 4@C38 >1;0AB8. <a href="#14">[14]</a>  4@8= 40;8 :;5B20 70 2O@=>AB =0 =>28O AC;B0= ?@0B5=8F8 =0 8@G>, =0 <>@59A:8B5 2;045B5;8 8 =0 1J;30@A:8B5 1>;O@8. <a href="#15">[15]</a> @8 2A5 B>20 8@G> 2 ?@>4J;65=85 =0 B@8 3>48=8 >B:0720; 40 ?;0B8 40=J:0 A8, 4>:0B> 2 1416 3. 18; ?@8=C45= A 2>9=0 40 AB>@8 B>20. >65 18 B>3020 B>9 5 873C18; 1J;30@A:8B5 3@04>25 ?> 45A=8O 4C=02A:8 1@O3. >E0<54 ?@5275; AJI> N@352>, :>5B> >BB>3020 4> 1829 3. >AB0=0;> ?>4 BC@A:0 2;0AB. <a href="#16">[16]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">25 3>48=8 ?>-:JA=> 10;:0=A:8B5 CA>8 4020B ?@81568I5 =0 548= 2845= 3>AB, =5 =0 =O:>9 1J;30@A:8 2JAB0=8:, 0 =0 BC@A:8 5@5B8:. 0:>=>2545FJB <i> 0E<C4 54@548=</i>, 548= >B 3;02=8B5 AJ25B=8F8 =0 CA0, ?>?04=0; 2 ?;5= 2 '0<C@;89A:0B0 18B:0 8 18; 704J@60= 2 8:5O. "0< B>9 AJAB028; ?;0= 70 548= 3>;O< ?@52@0B. >2>B> <C @5;838>7=> CG5=85, A<5A >B E@8AB8O=A:8 8 <>E0<540=A:8 <8AB8F87J<, B@O120;> 40 @072J;=C20 C<>25B5. 0E<C4 A8 ?>A;C68; 8 A 5@5:;N465 CAB0D0, :>9B> >B8HJ; =0 ?;0=8=0B0 !B8;0@8O A@5IC %8>A 8 ?@>?>2O420; :><C=87J< 2J2 2A8G:> (A 87:;NG5=85 =0 65=8B5), 4>1@>2>;=0 154=>AB 8 1@0BAB2> A E@8AB8O=8B5. !<CB>25B5 ?@57 ?>A;54=> 2@5<5 8 ?@84@C6020I8B5 38 154=>AB 8 >BG0O=85 ?>43>B28;8 >B;8G=0 ?>G20 70 B>20 8=B5@5A=> 42865=85. %8;O48 A5 AB8G0;8 ?>4 7=0<5=0B0 =0 B>78 <5GB0B5;. "J;?8 D0=0B878@0=8 45@28H8 ?>4 ?@542>48B5;AB2>B> =0 =O:89 A8 52@58=-@5=530B @07B@52>68;8 >:>;=>AB8B5 =0 03=578O. J;30@A:8OB @5=530B ;5:A0=4J@, A8=JB =0 F0@ (8H<0=, :>9B> C?@02;O20; !<8@=0, >B:>30B> AC;B0= >E0<54 I 15 ?>4G8=8; 20A0;=8O :=O7 6C=5840, 87;O7J; ?@>B82 1C=B>2=8F8B5, => 7038=0; 2 AB8;0@89A:8B5 :;8AC@8 7054=> A FO;0B0 A8 2>9A:0 ?>4 <5G>25B5 =0 D0=0B8-</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="13">13</a></b>. 0 B078 18B:0 26. @83>@>28G,  !5@188, AB@. 51. >=AB0=B8=, AB@. 308; A@J1A. ;5B>?8A, AB@. 75; Leunclavius, AB@. 444, 458; Zinkeisen, I, AB@. 441. 0 >1;0ABB0 A@2. Hochstetter, Das Vitoa-Gebiet (Petermanns Mitth., 1872).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="14">14</a></b>. >=AB0=B8=, AB@. 421 :  @04J >?@80=J 8 AB@0=C =5?>;LO 3;03>;5<CN 8 8=0 ?@>AB@0=AB2VO <=>30. </font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="15">15</a></b>. Zinkeisen, I, AB@. 449.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="16">16</a></b>. 0: B0<, I, AB@. 467. >3@5H=> <8A;8 &8=:0975=, :0:2> N@352> 5420 B>3020 18;> >A=>20=>. "> 5 AJI5AB2C20;> 8 2 1399 3.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">411</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">F8B5. !JI0B0 CG0AB ?>AB83=0;0 8 =53>28O ?@85<=8: ;8 153. !0<> :>30B> ?@8AB83=0;8 <=>3>1@>9=8 0780BA:8 8 52@>?59A:8 2>9A:8, A5:B0=B8B5 18;8 >B1;JA=0B8 A;54 AB@0H=> :@J2>?@>;8B85 4> =>A 0@01C@C=. CAB0D0 18; ?>4;>65= =0 AB@0H=8 <J:8 8 <JG5=8G5A:8 C<@O; 2 D5A.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">0E<C4 54@548= <564C B>20 >B8HJ; 2J2 ;0H:>, 70A5;8; A5 2 @JABJ@ A ?><>IB0 =0 8@G>, :>9B> 3> ?>44J@60; :0B> AB0@ ?@82J@65=8: =0 CA0, 8 A 2>9A:0 >B =54>2>;=8 BC@F8 ?>B53;8; :J< 0;:0=0. 5ABB0 >10G5 70 CG0ABB0 =0 AB8;0@89A:8B5 2JAB0=8F8 @07?@JA=0;0 ?J;G8I0B0 <C >I5 ?@548 40 A5 C40@OB. 0E<C4 A:8B0; ?> ?;0=8=8B5, 4>:0B> =5 18; 70>18:>;5= 8 ?@54045= >B A2>8B5 E>@0. ">9 18; =0:070= AJA A<J@B 2 !5@5A 2 1419 3. <a href="#17">[17]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">0: ?> B>20 2@5<5 A5 ?>O28; ;J65-CAB0D0, :>9B> A5 ?@54AB02O; 70 157A;54=> ?@>?04=0;8O A;54 18B:0B0 ?@8 =3>@0 0O784>2 A8=, 8 =0<5@8; ?>4:@5?0 ?@8 8@G>, ?@8 =5A?>:>9=8O 0780BA:8 :=O7 6C=5840,. :>9B> ?@8 !N;59<0= 18; C?@028B5; =0 E@84, 0 ?@8 >E0<54, A;54 ?>2B>@=> C=865=85  =0 8:>?>;, 8 ?@8 2870=B89F8B5, :>8B> 2J?@5:8 2A8G:8B5 A8 154AB28O 2A5 >I5 =0?@07=> A5 =04O20;8, G5 I5 1J45 2J7<>6=> G@57 8=B@838 40 A:0@0B BC@F8B5 8 A;54 B>20 40 38 ?>154OB. J65-CAB0D0, >B=0G0;> ?>1548B5;, 18; ?>3C15= G@57 ?@540B5;AB2>B> =0 6C=5840 8 18; C18B =5345 ?@8 "C=460 (1421 3.). <a href="#18">[18]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">I5 ?>-2>9=AB25= >B >E0<54 I 18; =53>28OB A8= <i>C@04 II</i> (1421 1451 3.), A?@0254;82 8 >B:@>25= (4065 ?> 4C<8B5 =0 2870=B89F8B5), 1>30B> =040@5= A ?>;8B8G5A:8 C<. I5 I>< ABJ?8; =0 ?@5AB>;0 B56:8 2@5<5=0 =0AB0=0;8 70 >AB0=0;8B5 E@8AB8O=8. !;54 B56:0 >1A040 =0 &0@83@04 (1422 3.) 2870=B89F8B5 18;8 ?@8=C45=8 40 ?;0I0B 40=J: =0 AC;B0=0; >B B>20 2@5<5 2 AJAB020 =0 4J@6020B0 =0 ><=8=8B5 8 =0 0;5>;>78B5 2;870;8 A0<> AB>;8F0B0, =E80;, 5A5<2@8O 8 5;>?>=5A.  1430 3. BC@F8B5 ?@5275;8 A ?@8ABJ? !>;C=, :>9B> <0;:> ?@548 B>20 18; 70275B >B 25=5F80=F8B5. @57 F0@C20=5B> =0 C@04 II J;30@8O A5 =0A;064020;0 =0 ?J;=> A?>:>9AB285 <a href="#19">[19]</a> A 87:;NG5=85 =0 425B5 =0?045=8O =0 2;0H:8O 2>52>40 @0:C;, ?@85<=8:0 =0 8@G> (?>G. 1419 3.). 0 !J@18O ?J: =0ABJ?8;8 B56:8 2@5<5=0 A;54 A<J@BB0 =0 <=>3>>?;0:20=8O !B5D0= 070@528G (?>G. 1427 3.). @8 =53>28O ?@85<=8:, 1>30B8O, E8B@8O 8 E@01@8O AB0@5F <i>5>@38 @0=:>28G</i>, >A<0=8B5 70275;8 2A8G:8B5 ] 75<8 >A25= 5;3@04.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">J< B>20 2@5<5 A5 >B=0AO 8 8=B5@5A=>B> >?8A0=85 =0 54=> ?JB5H5AB285 ?@57 J;30@8O.  1433 3. D@5=A:8OB @8F0@ 5@B@0=4>= 45 ;0 @>:85@ A5 2@JI0; >B A25B8B5 <5AB0 ?@57 &0@83@04. <a href="#20">[20]</a>  4@8= <C A5 C40;> 40</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="17">17</a></b>. 6. Zinkeisen, I, AB@. 473 481. 0 ;5:A0=4J@ A@2. I, AB@. 453.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="18">18</a></b>. [# >=AB0=B8= $8;>A>D, AB@. 315  2L ;>CUc .]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="19">19</a></b>. [0B@80@EJB Josephus </span> <span lang="en-gb" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS">C</span><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS">onstantinopolitanus tempore Joannis VIII imp. De quo Johannes Stojkovi Ragusinus :  Biilgarus est natione et de lingua mea. Cecconi CCVII apud 04>=8[, 0?04=0 2@>?0 8 0;:0=A:8 =0@>48 (>28 !04, 1905, AB@. 65, nota 1).]</span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="20">20</a></b>.  =>2>D@5=A:8O ?@52>4 Legrand d&#39;Aussy, Mm. de l institut, Sc. morales et politiques, V, 12, 1804.  [Bsrtrand de la Broquire, Voyage la terre d&#39;Outremer, MS, 47, 98 (cum Brocardo), s. XV, chart., f. 153 258 2 Bibl. d&#39;Arsenal., Archives de l Or. lat., 2, AB@. 184.1</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="21">21</a></b>. Phropoly est peuple en grande partie de Bulgares qui tiennent la loi grgoise.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">412</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">2848 ?@>AB8O ?@842>@5= I0B =0 C@04 II, :>9B> =O<0; =8I> >1I> A @07:>H0 =0 ?>-A5B=5H=8B5 AB0<1C;A:8 AC;B0=8. ;>2482, =0A5;5= ?@548<=> >B 1J;30@8, <a href="#21">[21]</a> 18; >I5 B>3020 3>;O< 3@04 A 1>30B8 ?;>4>@>4=8 >:>;=>AB8; :@5?>ABB0 25G5 =5 AJI5AB2C20;0, 18;0 B>3020 25G5 2 @0720;8=i. @57 3>@8 8 =5>1@01>B5=8 ?@>AB@0=AB20 AB83=0; B>9 4> !>D8O, B>3020 =09-4>1@8O 1J;30@A:8 3@04 A <0;:0 :@5?>AB 8 A ?>;C@07@CH5=8 3@04A:8 AB5=8. ! 87:;NG5=85 =0 <0;:>B> BC@F8 =0A5;5=85B> =0 3@040 8 =0 AB@0=0B0 A5 AJAB>O;> >B 1J;30@8. "5 =5 :@85;8 65;0=85B> A8 40 A20;OB >B A515 A8 BC@A:>B> 83>; A0<> 40 3>48=8 ?@548 B>20 15 ?04=0;> 1J;30@A:>B> F0@AB2> 8 8<0;> >I5 =5<0;:> A2845B5;8 =0 ?@548H=0B0 =57028A8<>AB. :>;=8B5 >1;0AB8 18;8 3JAB> =0A5;5=8.  <0;:0B0 :@5?>AB 8@>B 68255;8 54=8 A0<> BC@F8. >:@09 <JG=8 ?@>E>48 ?JB5H5AB25=8:JB ?@8AB83=0; 2 8H, :>9B> A0<> ?5B 3>48=8 ?@548 B>20 18;8 >B=5;8 BC@F8B5 >B AJ@18B5.  :@5?>ABB0, 8 3@04JB 18;8 2 @0720;8=8, => >:>;=>AB8B5 AB0@0B5;=> 18;8 >1@01>B5=8 8 =0A5;5=8. BB0< 5@B@0=4>= ?@8AB83=0; 2 @CH520F, B>3020H=0 :@093@0=8G=0 BC@A:0 :@5?>AB, 8 4>AB83=0; ?> ;528O 1@O3 =0 A@J1A:0 >@020 25G5 7=0G8B5;=> =0<0;5=0B0 >1;0AB =0 A@J1A:8O :=O7 @0=:>28G.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">!;54 70275<0=5B> =0 <0460@A:8O ?@5AB>; >B ;048A;02 >;A:8 AB0=0;0 3>;O<0 ?@><O=0. >3;548B5 =0 2A8G:8 E@8AB8O=8 A530 A5 =0A>G20B :J< <i>/= %C=804</i>, C=8I>68B5;O 2 1442 3. =0 425 54=0 A;54 4@C30 3>;5<8 8 A8;=8 BC@A:8 0@<88 ?>4 0@?0B8B5. <a href="#22">[22]</a> O<0 25G5 =8:0:2> AJ<=5=85, G5 ?>A;54=8OB 3>;O< N=0:, 2J7?O20n 2 A@J1A:8B5 =0@>4=8 ?5A=8 ?>4 8<5B> <i>!818=O=8= /=:></i> (/= >B !818C  %5@<0=I04), 18; ?> ?@>87E>4 @C<J=5F; 2 AB0@8B5 A@J1A:8 8 @C<J=A:8 @J:>?8A8 28=038, 0 2 ?>;A:8B5 8 G5H:8B5 ?>-G5AB> B>9 A5 =0@8G0 A @C<J=A:0B0 D>@<0 <i> /=:C;</i>. <a href="#23">[23]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">@0; ;048A;02 8 %C=804 ?@54?@85;8 2 1443 3. 3>;O< ?>E>4. J2 2>9A:0B0, AJAB>OI0 A5 >B <0460@8 8 ?>;OF8, 8<0;> 8 548= >B@O4 G5H:8 >@J65=>AF8 ?>4 =0G0;AB2>B> =0 2>52>40 5=8: <;04H8 >B 5G:>2> 8 #3J@A:> (4> 8A>:8 8B), G85B> ?8A<>, 70 60;>AB =5 =0?J;=> 70?075=>, 5 <=>3> 2065= 4>:C<5=B 70 B>78 ?>E>4. <a href="#24">[24]</a> 5A?>B 5>@38 @0=:>28G, :>9B></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="22">22</a></b>. 578B 153 18; @0718B 2 "@0=A8;20=8O =0 25 <0@B 1442 3., 0 153;5@153 (0E8= ?0H0 A 80 000 4CH8 2J2 ;0H:> ?@8 >@=0 /;><8F0 =0 6 A5?B5<2@8. =8B5 A0 4045=8 2 A@J1. ;5B>?8A (`afaYik, Pam., AB@. 77; A@2. @C<. E@>=8:0 C @83>@>28G).  [<i>/= %C=804</i>. !?. 0;0C7>2, /= C=8048. AB>@8G5A:0O E0@0:B5@8AB8:0, 5B5@1C@3, 1860. &8B. ;0AL8:, 22, AB@. 419.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="23">23</a></b>. C<J=A:8OB ?@>87E>4 =0 %C=8048 5 4>:070= >B W. Schmidt, Die Stammburg der Hunyade in Siebenbrgen, Hermannstadt, 1865, AB@. 78 8 A;. >=O:>30 B0:0 5 =0?8A0=> 8 C 2870=B89F8B5. 8q. [Respice! Vide Huber.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="24">24</a></b>. 0?5G0B0=> >B Herm. Jire ek, Vle nici eati XV stoleti ('5H:8 ?J;:>2>4F8 2 XV 2.), asopis esk. musea, 1859, AB@. 156.  ["C: 5 ?@8;>65= A;54=8OB ?@5?8A (=5 A @5G5:>28O ?>G5@:) >B :@0;A:>B> ?8A<> 4> 3=5745=A:8O 0@E85?8A:>?, 4045=>  in Castro Nove Civitatis ipsa Die Nativitatis Christi anno XLIII . >?85 >B =53> A5 =0<8@0  in codice Novoforensi : Neumarkt (Schlesien) . 0 ?@J2 ?JB 5 =0?5G0B0=> C Bachmann : Urkunden und Acten zur st. Geschichte im Zeitalter Friedrichs III (Fontes rerum Austr., LXII).  Sophia dei gratia regina Polonie. Wladislaus dei gratia Hungarie, Polonie etc. rex Prelatis et baronibus in regno Polonie ubivis existentibus graciam regiam et omne bonum. Deus, cui post nebulas mesticie consolationis inbar (sic) correctis infundere proprium est, submovit illud itineris nostri, quod in regnum Turcie nobis Domino duce proficiscentibus obstac-</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">413</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">18; ?>25G5 >B 4@C38B5 708=B5@5AC20= 2 CA?5E0 =0 B>20 =0G8=0=85, A5 ?@8AJ548=8; AJI> BJ9 :J< ?>E>40. 725AB8OB0 70 B078 8=B5@5A=0 5:A?548F8O 4>A530 >B =8:>3> =5 A0 =0?J;=> @07@01>B5=8 8 =5 A0 AJ3;0AC20=8 A CA;>28OB0 =0 <5AB=>ABB0. 09-4>AB>25@5= =8 A5 AB@C20 40 5 @07:07JB =0 AJ@18=0 8E08; >=AB0=B8=>28G, :>9B> :0B> 5=8G0@ CG0AB2C20; ?@8 >E0<54 II 2 ?>E>48B5 2 >@5O, 2 "@0?57C=4, ?@>B82 #7C=-%0A0=, ?@>B82 2;0H:8O :=O7 ;04 8 2 >A=0 8 =09-?>A;5, A;54 :0B> A5 2J@=0; ?@8 E@8AB8O=8B5, ?@57 ?>A;54=>B> 45A5B8;5B85 =0 XV 2. 2 >;H0 =0?8A0; =0 ?>;A:8 578: A?><5=8B5 A8. <a href="#25">[25]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3"> N=8 <5A5F 2>9A:0B0 ?>B53;8;0 >B C40, @07>@8;0 ?> ?JBO A8 @CH520F (;0460E8A0@), 8H 8 8@>B 8 I0AB;82> 4>AB83=0;0 ?@57 2A8G:8 ?@>E>48 4> !>D8O. > ;>2482 >AB020;> =5 ?>25G5 >B B@84=52=8 ?@5E>48. >BC: 8 2@5<5B> 18;> 4>1@>, 8 ?@8?0A8 8<0;8 4>AB0BJG=>. 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JBOB 18; ?@5?@5G5= A :>;>25 8 4J@25B0, 0 2 >?0A=8B5 <5AB0 18; 70;O= A 2>40, BJ9 G5 ?JBOB 8<0; 284 =0 ?J@70;:0 (18;> 25G5 45:5<2@8). >30B> @07C7=020G8B5 =0CG8;8 70 B>20, >?8B0;8 A5 40 >18:>;OB "@0O=>28B5 2@0B0 8 <8=0;8 <564C 0;:0=0 8 EB8<0=A:0 !@54=0 3>@0 (?@8 8@:>2>) :@09 1J;30@A:8O 3@04 ;0B8F0, <a href="#26">[26]</a> =0<8@0I A5 25G5 2 10A59=0 =0 359A:> <>@5; >BB0< 2>9A:0B0 A<OB0;0 40 <8=5 ?@57 BOA=0B0, 4J;30 6 <8;8 ">?>;=8H:0 4>;8=0 2 @02=8=0B0 :J< ;>2482. ;0=8=8B5 >10G5 18;8 70275B8 >B 5=8G0@8. ;04, ;8?A0 =0 DC@06 70 :>=5B5 8 AB@0H5= ABC4 ?@8=C48;8 :@0; ;048A;02 40 A5 2J@=5. 0 2@JI0=5 >?>60@8;8 !>D8O.  8@>B C7=0;8, G5 C@04 18; 25G5 AB83=0; 2 B8;0 8< 2 !>D8O. >9A:0B0 ?>B53;8;0 2 ?>A>:0 :J< C=>28F0 ?;0=8=0 (<564C O;0 ?0;0=:0 8 8H). "0< 8<0 548= 2065= ?@>E>4 <564C 0;:0=A:8B5 ?@54?;0=8=8 8 !CE0 ?;0=8=0, ?@57 :>9B> 8 A530 >I5 <8=020 ?JBOB >B !>D8O 70 5;3@04; AB0@>B> <C 8<5 5 70?075=></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">culum erat. Nam harum serie ad vestram proferium noticiam, quod nobis tercia die festo beati Luce ewangeliste (873;5640, G5 =0 B@5B8O 45= A;54 A2. C:0) nunc praeteriti congressum cum valida potencia <img border="0" src="ki_413a.jpg" width="67" height="30"> gentis cum bassa <img border="0" src="ki_413b.jpg" width="163" height="30"> contra nos congregata facientibus et cum eodem diucius dimicantibus, placuit deo altissimo quasi hora prandii conflictus eiusdem prope civitatem Zophiam commissus. Idem Turci salvis nostris hominibus in unum prostrati recederunt, ubi prefatos Tranhibek et Czebek palatinos detinentes captivos habemus. Agite igitur Domino grates et facile fieri processiones ut dominus deus det nobis prosterum iter ad maiora. Capta tamen preda magna et exercitu nostro victualibus habunde referto procedere proposuimus versus civitatem Adrianopolim (que est caput Thurcie. Datum die et loco quibus supra anno XLIII). Hic fuerunt tres capitanei  bassa id est viceimperator, de quo non fuit mentio in litera d. regis etc.  putamus  quorum quidam evasit, alii duo capti sunt. Dicitur fuisse in exerci-tu de Turcis quadraginta milia etc]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="25">25</a></b>. [6. 15;. 59 :J< 3;. XXII.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="26">26</a></b>. [5@. A?8A0=85, VIII 8 Huber  870=B85FJB C:0:</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <img border="0" src="ki_413c.jpg" width="791" height="42"></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">Ed. Bonn., AB@. 217.  5<. Altyntasch nota bene Bonfin.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">414</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">2 8<5B> =0 <0;:0B0 :@5?>AB C=>28F0. >30B> 2>9A:0B0 =02;O7;0 2 ?;0=8=0B0 8 2 3>@8B5, B>3020 BC@F8B5 =0?04=0;8 45A?>B0, :>9B> :><0=4C20; 0@85@30@40. @0;OB >AB028; ?5E>B0B0 ?@8 >1>70, 0 A0< A :020;5@8OB0 ?>1J@70; =0 ?><>I. "C@F8B5 18;8 AJ2A5< @0718B8. "0< ?04=0; C18B 8 548= 1;87J: C@04>2 @>4=8=0, =04 G89B> 3@>1 2 A. "0<O=8F0, AJI5AB2C20I> 8 A530 >I5 >B4OA=> ?@8 87E>40 >B ?@>E>40, <0;:> ?>-3>@5 >B @. 8H020, 87483=0;8 28A>: ?0<5B=8: A BC@A:8 =04?8A. C@04>28OB ?J: HC@59 0E<C4 '5;518 18; 275B 2 ?;5=. !;54 A@065=85B> :@0;OB ?>A25B8; =09-E@01@8B5 A8 2>9=8F8 2 @8F0@8. !;54 B>20 E@8AB8O=8B5 8A:0;8 40 ?@578<C20B 2 >1@8G:0B0 @02=8=0 ?@8 A;820=5B> =0 >@020 A ">?;8F0, => ?> ;8?A0 =0 E@0=8 18;8 ?@8=C45=8 40 ?>B53;OB ?>-=0B0BJ:. "J9 :0B> ?>25G5B> 8< :>=5 87<@5;8, 70B>20 873>@8;8 2A8G:8B5 :>;8, :0B> >AB028;8 A0<> >:>;> 50 8 87E2J@;8;8 54=0 G0AB >B ?;OG:0B0, B0 40 <>30B ?>-A:>@> 40 A5 42860B ?> A=530. @57 D52@C0@8 1444 3. 2>9A:0B0 BJ@65AB25=> 18;0 ?>A@5I=0B0 2 C40. <a href="#27">[27]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">"C@F8B5 18;8 ?@8=C45=8 40 A:;NG0B <8@ 2 !53548= ?@57 N=8 1444 3. !?>@54 ?J@2>B> CA;>285 FO;0 J;30@8O B@O120;> 40 >AB0=5 ?>4 2;0ABB0 =0 AC;B0=0. 0B>20 ?J: @0=:>28G A8 ?>;CG8; =0704 FO;0 !J@18O, 0 8<5==> : !<545@52>, >;C10F, @CH520F, >2> J@4>, @>:C?;5 =0 ">?;8F0, 5A:>20F =0 >@020 8 5;5=83@04 ?@8 "@J=. <a href="#28">[28]</a> ;0H:> >AB0=0;> ?>4 2J@E>2=0B0 2;0AB =0 0460@A:>.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">8@JB >10G5 >I5 2 AJI0B0 3>48=0 18; =0@CH5= ?> AB0@0=8OB0 =0 ?0?A:8O ;530B :0@48=0; .;80=. J?@5:8 ?@54?0720=8OB0 =0 45A?>B 5>@38 @0=:>28G :@0; ;048A;02 8 %C=804, 70 :>3>B> 5:A?548F8OB0 8<0;0 A?5F80;5= 8=B5@5A, BJ9 :0B> <C 18;0 >15I0=0 J;30@8O, ?>B53;8; ?@57 A5?B5<2@8 1444 3. A 2>9A:0, <=>3> ?>-A;010 >B <8=0;>3>48H=0B0. @0G=8 ?@54GC2AB28O 87<JG20;8 <;048O :@0; >I5 ?@548 40 ?>B53;8. @8 @H>20 B5 ?@5<8=0;8 C=02, 2 H5AB 4=8 AB83=0;8 ?@57 $;>@5=B8= 4> 48= 8 3> 873>@8;8. >:0B> 157CA?5H=> A5 >?8B20;8 40 ?@5275<0B 8:>?>; A ?@8ABJ?, ?@8AB83=0; 2 ;035@0 8 2;0H:8OB 2>52>40 @0:C;, => =0?@07=8 18;8 8 =53>28B5 ?@54?07;82>AB8 70 ?>-=0B0BJH5= ?>E>4. 8:J45 =O<0;> =8B> A;540 >B >A<0=A:0 2>9A:0. J73>@45=8B5 2>9=8F8 3@018;8 4065 15770I8B=8B5 1J;30@A:8 A5;0 8 G5@:28, :>5B> 4@07=5;> =0A5;5=85B>. @5275;8 A ?@8ABJ? (C<5=, 1;03>?>;CG=> AB83=0;8 4> <>@5B> 8 705;8 B0< 157 AJ?@>B820 0@=0, 0;80:@0 8 020@=0. 564C B>20 ?@8AB83=0; >B 78O</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <font size="3"><b><a name="27"> <span lang="en-gb" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS">2</span><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS">7</span></a></b><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS">. !@02=5=85B> =0 BC@A:8B5 AJA 70?04=8B5 8725AB8O C Zinkeisen, I, AB@. 611 621, >I5 =5 5 4>AB0BJG=> 3;02=> ?>@048 B>20, G5 =5 A0 ?>7=020;8 A0<0B0 <5AB=>AB  =5I> <=>3> 8728=8B5;=> 70 >=>20 2@5<5. '5 ?@5E>4JB 5 18; =0A>G5= :J< ;0B8F0, B>20 3> B2J@4OB 8 >=D8=89, 2J7 >A=>20 =0 ?>:070=8OB0 =0 >G5284F8, 8 2870=B89A:8OB ?8A0B5; C:0, ed. Bonn., AB@. 217, 8 A@J1A:8B5 ;5B>?8A8 ( 872545 45A?>BJ :@0;O ;048A;020 =0 ;0B8cu 8 /=:C;0 , `afaYik, Pam., AB@. 78) 8 >=AB0=B8=>28G (3;. 22, ?> A@J1A:8 2 ;0A=8:, 18, AB@. 91), 8 BC@A:8B5 8725AB8O C Leunclavius (Hist. Turc, AB@. 558 : ad angustias saltus Isladini). !@2. G5H:8 ;5B>?8A5F Hjek >B Libo an (AB@. 418), :>9B> 5 708<AB2C20; <=>3o >B >=AB0=B8=>28G. !B0@8OB C=>28F:8 ?@>E>4 5 >?8A0= C F. Kanitz, Donau-Bulgarien und der Baikan, Leipzig, 1875, I, AB@. 170 172.</span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="28">28</a></b>. <5=0B0 C ;C3>H (C Zinkeisen, I, AB@. 620 A0 AB@0H=> 87<5=5=8, 0 <=>3> ?@028;=> A0 4045=8 C Hjek, F8B. <OAB>.)</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">415</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">C@04 II 8 A5 702J@70;0 8725AB=0B0 18B:0 ?@8 0@=0 (10 =>5<2@8 1444 3.). @0; ;048A;02 ?04=0; C18B =0 1>9=>B> ?>;5. AB0BJF8B5 >B E@8AB8O=A:0B0 2>9A:0 18;8 ?@JA=0B8 8 871O30;8 ?@57 ;0H:> 8 !J@18O 2 >B5G5AB2>B> A8, =O:>8 4>AB83=0;8 4>@8 4> ;10=8O. <a href="#29">[29]</a> ">20 18; ?>A;54=8OB >?8B =0 A@54=>25:>2=>B> E@8AB8O=AB2> 40 >A2>1>48 J;30@8O; >BB>3020 AJ410B0 ] 18;0 @5H5=0.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">B 1449 3. 2J2 870=B8O F0@C20; >=AB0=B8= XI @030A5A, A;02O=8= ?> <09:0, 2=C: =0 >=AB0=B8= 0:54>=A:8. A@54 >1I>B> >BG0O=85 A0<> B>9 >I5 =5 3C15; ?>A;54=0 =045640 8 =5 A5 >1@8G0; =0 157459=>AB, <0:0@ 8 40 @0718@0; B2J@45 4>1@5 ?5G0;=>B> ?>;>65=85 =0 4J@6020B0. ">9 >B=>2> ?@8AJ548=8; F5;8O 5;>?>=5A ?>4 2870=B89A:0 2;0AB; 2 "5A0;8O 2483=0;8 1C=B 2 =53>20 ?>;70 0;10=F8B5 8 2;0A8B5, => BC@F8B5 CA?5;8 A2>52@5<5==> 40 ?>BJ?G0B 42865=85B>. C@04>28OB A8= <i>>E0<54 II </i>(1451 1481 3.), <@0G5=, => ?@>=8F0B5;5=, >1@07>20= 8 A;02>;N182 N=>H0, A8 ?>AB028; :0B> 7040G0 2 682>B0 40 C=8I>68 87B>G=8B5 E@8AB8O=A:8 4J@6028. 0 29 <09 1453 3. ?04=0; &0@83@04; ?>A;54=8OB 2870=B89A:8 8<?5@0B>@ 7038=0; 35@>9A:8 A <5G 2 @J:0. 5A5<2@8O 8 =E80; ?04=0;8 B@8 <5A5F0 ?@548 B>20. <a href="#30">[30]</a> 5;>?>=5A 18; ?>:>@5= 5420 A;54 A545< 3>48=8 ?>48@ AB@0H=0 1>@10 A B0<>H=8B5 0;10=F8. ?8@A:>B> 45A?>BAB2> ?@5AB0=0;> 40 AJI5AB2C20 >I5 2 1449 3., 0 0B8=A:>B> E5@F>3AB2> ?@>?04=0;> 2 1456 3. !:>@> A;54 B>20 8 !J@18O >AB0=0;0 A0<> 2 A2>O 5;3@04.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">>A;54=0B0 >B 3>;5<8B5 N6=>A;02O=A:8 4J@6028  >A=0  ?04=0;0 2 1463 3. "O 7038=0;0 157 35@>9A:0 AJ?@>B820 ?>@048 87<O=0. @0; !B5D0= "><0H528G 18; ?;5=5= 8 ?@54045= =0 A<J@B.  ?@>4J;65=85 =0 F5;8 B@8 25:0 :0B>;8F8, ?@02>A;02=8 8 1>3><8;8 (?0B0@5=8) A5 1>@8;8 70 2;0AB 2 B078 ?@5:@0A=0 AB@0=0. >25G5B> >B 42>@O=8B5 8 >B =0@>40 18;8 =0 AB@0=0B0 =0 1>3><8;AB2>B>, 0 :@0;5B5 ?> ?>;8B8G5A:8 AJ>1@065=8O ?>44J@60;8 :0B>;8G5AB2>B>. "C@F8B5 =0<5@8;8 2 87<JG20=0B0 >B @5;8-</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <font size="3"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <b><a name="29">29</a></b>. Zinkeisen, I, AB@. 649 705. 8E. >=AB0=B8=>28G, 3;. 24.</span><span lang="en-gb" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> </span><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS">  [Chalcocondylas 70 0@=5=A:8O ?>E>4 : </span> </font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <img border="0" src="ki_415a.jpg" width="784" height="42"></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">Vaszary, Die Schlacht bei Varna, Pest, (1864 C=30@.?)  Fraknoi, Das Leben des Cardinals Julian Cesarini, ppstl. Legaten in Ungarn, Budapest, 1890.  S. Kwiatkowski, Ostatnie lata WBadysBawa WarneDczyka, Lww, 1883. Itinerarium Wi. Warnenczyka, Lww, 1879.  I. Schwartz, Zur Geschichte des Friedenschlusses von Szegedin 1444, Ungarische Revue, 1894, 334 AB@.  H. Schefer, Le discours du voyage d&#39;outremer au trs victorieux roi Charles VII (1452), prononc par Jean Germain, evque de Chalons, Revue de l&#39;Orient lat., III, 1895, 303 fg. Flotte Gallipoli 1444, Geoffroi de Thoisy et le signeur de Wawrin, dans la Mer Noire, Mesembria, Mangalia, Montcastre, avec Hunyad, rendevous 1445 devant Nicopoli avec 3 galres pontificales et l&#39;escadre des Bourguignons; Wawrin prit <i>Tortoukan</i> 29 aug. 1445, trouva devant Nicopoli les troupes hongr. et valaques, mais bien dfendu. Les galres jusqu&#39; Tembouchure de la Save. Redescente le Danube, 2 nv. Constantinople. Nota bene Chronique de <i>Wawrin</i>.  @C=, AB@. 75 : 0;80:@0 A5 =0@8G0;0, :0720, 8 5B@5FL (Engel), A@2. w 2 Acta patr.  0 =0@CH5=85B> =0 <8@0 <564C BC@F8 8 C=30@F8 ?@57 1444 3. AJA AJ459AB285B> =0 ?0?A:8O ;530B :0@48=0; .;80= 26. Khler.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <font size="3"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <b><a name="30">30</a></b>. 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"@J3=0;8 A530 25G5 2A8G:8 7054=> ?>-=0B0BJ: :J< ?>4=>685B> =0 28A>:0B0 ?;0=8=0, 345B> =0@>4JB A5 @07?>;>68; =0 54=0 75;5=0 ?>;O=0, 70 40 A5 ?>4:@5?8 A O45=5 8 ?85=5; =0 B>20 <OAB> 8 4>A530 >I5 A5 AJ18@0B 1>3><>;F8B5 (8 >BBC: ?@>4J;6020B ?JBO A8 70 <0=0AB8@0). 0 A;54=8O 45= (45=O =0 A2. 5BJ@ 8 025;) BJ@65AB25=>B> H5AB285 2;O7;> 2 8;A:8O <0=0AB8@.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <font size="3"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <b><a name="36">36</a></b>. !@J1A:8B5 ;5B>?8A8, `afaYik, Pam., AB@. 63. #<@O;0 5, A?>@54 301@>2A:8O ;5B>?8A5= A1>@=8: (@83>@>28G,  !5@189, ?@8;>65=8OB0), 2 1488 3. @0<>B0B0 </span><font face="Palatino Linotype"><span lang="BG"> ]</span></font><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> 5 4045=0 C Miklosich, Mon. serb., AB@. 514 8 A;.</span></font></p> </blockquote> <p class="MsoPlainText">&nbsp;</p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="en-gb"><font size="3"> <span style="font-family: Palatino Linotype">[<a style="text-decoration: none" href="ki_23.htm">Previous</a>] </span></font></span><font size="3"> <span style="font-family: Palatino Linotype">[<a style="text-decoration: none" href="ki_25.htm">Next</a>]</span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><font size="3"> <span style="font-family: Palatino Linotype">[<a href="index.html" style="text-decoration: none">Back to Index</a>]</span></font></p> </body> </html>