<html> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Language" content="bg"> <meta name="GENERATOR" content="Microsoft FrontPage 5.0"> <meta name="ProgId" content="FrontPage.Editor.Document"> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=unicode"> <title>. @5G5: - AB>@8O =0 1J;30@8B5 - 1a</title> <style> <!-- p.MsoPlainText {margin-bottom:.0001pt; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Courier New"; margin-left:0pt; margin-right:0pt; margin-top:0pt} --> </style> </head> <body> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype; font-weight: 700"> <font size="4">AB>@8O =0 1J;30@8B5</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype; font-weight: 700"> <font size="3">>=AB0=B8= @5G5:</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText">&nbsp;</p> <blockquote> <p class="MsoPlainText"><b><font size="3"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> I</span><span style="font-family: Palatino Linotype" lang="en-gb">. </span></font><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">5>3@0DA:8 ?@53;54</font></span></b></p> <p class="MsoPlainText">&nbsp;</p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><b> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">. @>3@0D8O</font></span></b></p> <blockquote> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype; font-style: italic"> <font size="3">0;:0=JB (!B0@0 ?;0=8=0), !B@0=460, !@54=0 3>@0, 8B>H0 8 8;0, >4>?0, ?;0=8=A:8 25@838 <564C !B@C<0 8 0@40@, (0@ ?;0=8=0, ?;0=8=A:0B0 AB@0=0 =0 0?04=0 0:54>=8O, ?;0=8=8B5 2 ;10=8O 8 !J@18O</font></span></p> </blockquote> <p class="MsoPlainText">&nbsp;</p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> %0@0:B5@JB 8 :C;BC@0B0, =@028B5 8 >18G08B5, 874830=5B> 8 C?04J:JB, A 54=0 4C<0, FO;>B> C<AB25=> @0728B85 =0 2A5:8 =0@>4 7028A8 3;02=> >B 2840 8 >A>15=>AB8B5 =0 ?>G20B0, =0 :>OB> 68255 B>O =0@>4. >@048 B>20, ?@548 40 87;>68< AJ418=8B5 =0 1J;30@A:8O =0@>4, =85 B@O120 40 4045< :@0BJ: 35>3@0DA:8 ?@53;54 =0 >=8O AB@0=8, :>8B> =O:>30 18;8 ?>?@8I5 =0 =53>20B0 8AB>@8O 8;8 A530 >1@07C20B =53>20 @>48=0. @8 B>20 ?>=O:>30 I5 A5 A;CG8 40 ?@5ABJ?8< 3@0=8F8B5 =0 5B=>3@0DA:>B> @07H8@5=85 =0 1J;30@A:8O =0@>4, ?>=565 8AB>@8OB0 8 35>3@0D8OB0 =0 >B45;=8 <5AB=>AB8 >B N3>87B>G=8O ?>;C>AB@>2, AJAB02OI 548= 284 70B2>@5= A2OB, I5 >AB0=0B <=>3> =5OA=8, 0:> ?@8 >?8A0=85B> =O<0<5 ?@54 >G8 AJA54=8B5 AB@0=8. <a href="#1">[1]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> .3>87B>G=8OB ?>;C>AB@>2, :>9B> 8<5=C20<5 ?> >1I>?@85B8O >18G09 <i>0;:0=A:8 ?>;C>AB@>2</i>, 5 =09-<0;:> ?>7=0B >B 2A8G:8 75<8 =0 2@>?0. > =0G0;>B> =0 A530H=8O 25: A0 3> 87?J;=O;8 A =O:0:28 D0=B0AB8G=8 ?;0=8=A:8 25@838, @5G=8 ?>B>F8, 575@0 8 3@04>25; 70 =0CG=> ?@>CG20=5 =0 B8O AB@0=8 =5 5 <>3;> 8 40 A5 ?><8A;8. 420 A;54 4@8=A:8O <8@ [1829 3.] ?>G=0 40 A5 87OA=O20 35>3@0D8OB0 =0 3@JF:8B5 8 N6=>A;02O=A:8 B5 AB@0=8. 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[5>3@0DA:8 ?@53;54 :0B> >?8A0=85 =0 FO;0B0 8AB>@8G5A:0 AF5=0. 5 B@O120 40 A5 1J@:0 A ?>;8B8G5A:8B5 0A?8@0F88. J< 35>3@0D8OB0 =0 @8<A:0B0 8AB>@8O A?040 =5 A0<> Latium, 0<8 8 >:>;=>AB8B5 =0 H>B;0=4A:8B5 >:>?8, 4>;8=8B5 =0 B;0A, ?CAB8=8B5 =0 D@0B 8 ?;0=8=8B5 =0 0:8O.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="2">2</a></b>. F. Hochstetter, Reise durch Rumelien, Mittheil. der k. k. geogr. Gesellschaft, XIII, Wien, 1870, AB@. 19.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">36</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><b> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">. @>3@0D8O</font></span></b></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">B =570?><=5=8 2@5<5=0 AJI5AB2C20;> <=5=85, G5 0;:0=A:8OB ?>;C>AB@>2 >B 4@80B8G5A:> 4> '5@=> <>@5 5 ?@5A5G5= A 28A>:, =54>ABJ?5= ?;0=8=A:8 GC:0@, A =5?@5:JA=0B0 0;?89A:0 F5=B@0;=0 25@830, :>OB> A5 ?@>AB8@0 ?>GB8 ?> ?@020 ?>A>:0 >B 70?04 :J< 87B>: 8 >1@07C20 2>4>45; =0 359A:8O 8 '5@=><>@A:8O 10A59= (B. 5. =0 C=020). I5 C !B@01>= <a href="#3">[3]</a> A@5I0<5 2J73;54, G5 8;8@89A:8B5, ?5>=A:8B5 8 B@0:89A:8B5 ?;0=8=8, AJAB02O9:8 ?>GB8 ?@020 ;8=8O, A5 ?@>B0:0B CA?>@54=> =0 C=020 >B 4@80B8G5A:> <>@5 4> >=B. "0O ?>3@5H:0 <8=0;0 ?> =0A;54AB2> C 35>3@0D8B5 =0 4@52=>ABB0, A@54=8B5 25:>25 8 =>2>B> 2@5<5. B A@54=>25:>2=8B5 =85 I5 ?>A>G8< A0<> A2845B5;AB2>B> =0 2870=B85F0 8:8D>@ @83>@0; B>9 3>2>@8 70 54=0 =5?@5:JA=0B0 25@830, ?@>B>G5=0 =04;J6 ?>:@09 A525@=8B5 3@0=8F8 =0 "@0:8O 8 0:54>=8O, >B 2:A8=A:8O >=B 4>@8 4> >=89A:> <>@5, >B :>OB> 8728@0B !B@8<>= 8 :A89. <a href="#4">[4]</a> >4>15= 2J73;54 A5 A@5I0 8 C =0 ><=8=0. <a href="#5">[5]</a> 0 >AB0@5;8B5 :0@B8 >B =>2> 2@5<5, :0B> ?>G=5< >B 5@:0B>@, ?>AB>O==> A5 5 87>1@07O20; 548= 0;?>>1@075= ?;0=8=A:8 3@515=, 54=0 =5?@5:JA=0B0 ?;0=8=A:0 25@830 >B !:0@4, @15; 8 %5< (Scardus, Orbelus, Haemus), :>OB> AJAB02O 548= 284 ?@>4J;65=85 =0 ;?8B5 4> A0<8O 1@O3 =0 '5@=> <>@5. #G5=8OB 0@E85?8A:>? 5@0=F8CA (2AJI=>AB @0=G8G), :>9B> ?JBC20; :0B> 8<?5@0B>@A:8 ?@0B5=8: 70 &0@83@04 2 1553 3., A<OB0;, G5 >B 8@5=58B5 G0: 4> 5A5<2@8O =0 '5@=> <>@5 A5 ?@>AB8@0 157 ?@5:JA20=5 54=0 28A>:0 ?;0=8=A:0 25@830 (catena mundi) <a href="#6">[6]</a>. J?@>AJB 1845 @07@5H5= 5420 ?@57 1840 3. >B ?JB5H5AB25=8F8B5 C5 8 @87510E. @5<0E20=5B> =0 B0O F5=B@0;=0 25@830 >B =09-=>28B5 :0@B8 4J;68< =0 8?5@B, <a href="#7">[7]</a> :>9B> 70 ?@J2 ?JB ?@57</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="3">3</a></b>. Strabo, VII, AB@. 313:</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <img border="0" src="ki_036a.jpg" width="790" height="125"></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">!@2. Anonymi periplus Ponti Euxini 2 A1>@=8:0 =0 Hoffmann, Leipzig, 1842, AB@. 197.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="4">4</a></b>. N. Gregoros, ed. Bonn., I, AB@. 375:</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <img border="0" src="ki_036b.jpg" width="788" height="82"></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="5">5</a></b>. A. Komnena, ed. Paris., AB@. 451.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="6">6</a></b>. [Verantius, Reise 1553 : Pyrenaei, a quibus omnes sumunt originem, qui catena mundi appellantur, uno ordine ab occasu ad ortum provecti, donec Scadrum attigerint, inde a Scadro ad meridiem ducti, in Pontum supra Mesembriam civitatem desinunt. Verantius, Opera, ed. Szalay, 1857, I, AB@. 309.  Marsigli. Haemus x p {    A    q y. Anonymi periplus.  1H8@=0B0 3;54:0 >B Haemus : $8;8?, Livius, 40, 21 22; Pomp. Mela, 2, AB@. 2; Strabo 7, 5, AB@. 313, ?>-4>1@5 5 >A254><5=, 0;0 D@03<5=B 6 70 3;54:0B0 >B 8=4 :J< 425B5 <>@5B0. >4>1=8 10A=8 A530 A5 @07?@02OB 70 >4@8=A:8B5 <8=0@5B0  3;54:0B0 :J< '5@=> 8 O;> <>@5.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="7">7</a></b>. . Bou, La Turqui</span><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> d&#39;Europe, Paris, 1840, I, AB@. 217. Grisebach, Reise durch Rumelien, Gtingen, 1841, II, AB@. 110. A. Bou. bcr die sogenannte Zentralkette der europ. Trkei, Sitzber. d. W. Akad., LIII, 1866. !@2. ?> B>O 2J?@>A !. J. Jire ek, Die Heerstrasse von Beigrad nach Constantinopel und die Balkanpsse, Prag, 1877, AB@. 139 140.</span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">37</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">1853 3. ?@54AB028 2 AJI8=A:8 284 CAB@>9AB2>B> =0 ?>2J@E=>ABB0 =0 0;:0=A:8O ?>;C>AB@>2.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> ;0=8=8B5 =0 0;:0=A:8O ?>;C>AB@>2 =0 425 <5AB0 A5 4>AO30B A ?;0=8=A:8B5 A8AB5<8 =0 !@54=0 2@>?0 : =0 70?04 A ;?8B5, =0 87B>: A 0@?0B8B5. 07:;>=5=8OB0 =0 ;?8B5, :0B> A5 ?>G=5 >B 0@AB, ?>:@820B FO;0 >A=0 8 %5@F53>28=0 A <=>3>1@>9=8, CA?>@54=8 =0 04@80B8G5A:>B> :@091@5685 ?;0=8=A:8 25@838, :>8B> 702J@H20B AJA A525@=>0;10=A:8O ?;0=8=A:8 2J75; ?@8 4J;1>:>B> :>@8B> =0 @8=. 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"8<>:, 40;5G=8B5 2>48</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="8">8</a></b>. [6. Bou 8 Hahn, Reise von Belgrad nach Salonik, 2 Ausg., Wien, 1868, AB@. 48.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">38</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">=0 C=02, 157:@09=8B5 ?>;5B0 =0 ;0H:>, 874830I0B0 A5 :J< =515B> AB5=0 =0 0;:0=0, !CE0 ?;0=8=0 8 /AB@515F, 704 :>9B> =04=8G0 >?0>=8:; ?>-=0B0BJ: A5 28640B : 4>;8=0B0 =0 >@020, 3>@8AB0B0 (C<048O, 0 =0 40;5G=8O A525@  10=0BA:8B5 ?>;5B0 8 @07:;>=5=8OB0 =0 0@?0B8B5. <a href="#9">[9]</a>  =0 N3 >B B0=, >B2J4 @5:8G:0B0 >@028F0, =04 A@J1A:8O ?>3@0=8G5= 3@04 ;5:A8=0F, A5 874830 <i>7@5=</i>.  N3>87B>G=0 ?>A>:0 >B =53> G0: 4> 0;:0=0 A5 ?@>B0:0B 20@>28B8 ?;0=8=8, =5 ?>-28A>:8 >B 300 <; B5 @0745;OB ?@8B>F8B5 =0 8H020 8 "8<>:.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">0?04=0 3@0=8F0 =0 "8<>H:0B0 4>;8=0 >1@07C20B :070=8B5 ?;0=8=8 8@>G 8 B0= AJA A2>8B5 @07:;>=5=8O; 87B>G=0B0 AB@0=0 =0 4>;8=0B0 A5 4>1;86020 4> 0;:0=8B5. !@5IC ?;0=8=0B0 <i>!B>;</i>, >B2J4 @. "8<>:, A5 874830B ?@54?;0=8=8B5 =0 0;:0=0, 87B>G=8B5 ?>3@0=8G=8 A@J1A:8 ?;0=8=8, 20@>28B8 28A>G8=8, ?>GB8 =02@54 ?>:@8B8 A 1C:>28 3>@8. @09 <OAB>B>, =0@8G0=> <i>0481>07</i>, <8=020; =5402=0 >B:@8B >B $. 0=8F @8<A:8 4@C< >B "8<>H:0B0 4>;8=0 :J< @. @G0@, :>9B> AJ548=O20; Naissus (8H), =0 AB0@8O ?JB >B 5;3@04 70 &0@83@04, A Ratiaria (@G0@) =0 C=020. !530 B>O 4@C< 5 70B2>@5= >B A@J1A:0B0 3@0=8F0; ?@>E>4JB >B "8<>H:0B0 4>;8=0 70 848= A530 A5 =0<8@0 ?>-=0B0BJ:, =0 A525@, ?@8 2J@E0 <i>@JH:0 GC:0</i>. B 2J@E>25B5 =0 B8O ?;0=8=8 (=0?@. 018= =>A) A5 >B:@820B >1H8@=8 873;548 >B J;30@8O 8 ;0H:>. >@=0B0 G0AB =0 "8<>H:0B0 >1;0AB 5 AJI> BJ9 >B 20@>28B0 D>@<0F8O, ;8H5=0 5 >B 3>@0 8 5 ?>:@8B0 A 28A>:8 AB@J<=8 A:0;8. "C: 8<0 <=>3> ?5I5@8, >A>15=> ;545=8, 8 <=>65AB2> DC=85284=8 ?@>?0AB8, =0@8G0=8 ?> A@J1A:8 <i>2@B0G5</i>; 5:JB >B E2J@;5=8O :0<J: A5 @074020 2 BOE 4J;3> 2@5<5, ?@548 :0<J:JB 40 4>AB83=5 4> 4J=>B>. 5G:8 8 3;830=8 8420B BC: >B 0;:0=8B5; AJI> BJ9 A@5I0B A5 ?>=O:>30 8 4828 ?5B;8. <a href="#10">[10]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">2. <i> %0@0:B5@ =0 0;:0=0</i>. 0 2J@E0 =0 20=>20 ;82040, ?@8 ?@5A8G0=5B> =0 B@8B5 3@0=8F8, A@J1A:0B0 8 =0 ?0H0;JF8B5 8H:8 8 848=A:8, AB>8 A@J1A:0 ?>3@0=8G=0 AB@060. BB0< 70?>G20 AJI8=A:8OB <i>0;:0=</i>. <5B> 0;:0= 5 BC@A:> 8 >7=0G020 ?@>AB> ?;0=8=0.  4@52=>ABB0 B0O ?;0=8=A:0 25@830 A5 8<5=C20;0 Haemus (6) <a href="#11">[11]</a>, 2 A@54=8B5 25:>25 ?> A;02O=A:8 =>A5;0 AJI> BJ9 8<5B> <i>0<5=8F0</i>. J;30@8B5 =0@8G0B 0;:0=8B5 =02@54 >B "8<>: G0: 4> <>@5B> <i>!B0@0 ?;0=8=0</i>, <a href="#12">[12]</a> 0 BC@F8B5 <i>>460 0;:0=</i> (>;O<0 ?;0=8=0).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="9">9</a></b>. F. Kanitz, Reise in Sd-Serbien und Nord-Bulgarien, Wien, 1868, AB@. 31.  M. . 8;8G528', =56528=0 !@18X0, 5>3@04, 1876, AB@. 776.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="10">10</a></b>. 0G0X, ?8A0=8X5 =O6520F:03> >:@C30, ;0A=8: A@?A:>3 CG5=>3 4@CHB20, XIX, 1866.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="11">11</a></b>. ?8B20;8 A0 A5 40 >1OA=OB B>20 8<5 AJA AB0@>10:B@89A:>B> aesma  3>@0. ">maschek, Rosalia und Brumalia, Sitzber. der W. Akad., 1869, AB@. 393.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="12">12</a></b>. 0 =O:>8 :0@B8 B>20 8<5 ?>3@5H=> 5 ?>AB025=> 2 0?04=8O 0;:0=. J@2> A?><5=020=5 =0 B>20 8<5 =85 =0<5@8E<5 C 4C1@>2=8H:8O ?>5B C=4C;8G (?>G. 2 1638) 2 ?>5<0B0 A<0=, III, 53. <5B> >460 0;:0= 4>A530 A5 5 ?@8;030;> 54=0:2> BC =0 70?04=0B0, BC =0 F5=B@0;=0B0 G0AB. 0 0<5=8F0 26. Schweigger, Reise. . . , Nrnberg, 1608, AB@. 47. Jac. Peja evi, Yeteris et novae geographiae congeries, Zagrabiae, 1714, C Schwandtner, Scriptores rerum Hungaricarum, III, AB@. 789. [Stara Planina =09-=0?@54 A5 A@5I0 C Vran i. !@2. Matkovi 70 @0=G8G.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">39</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">0 A525@ 0;:0=JB ?>AB5?5==> A5 A?CI0 :J< C=02 BC 2J2 284 =0 =8A:8 25@838, BC 2J2 284 =0 B5@0A8 8;8 =0:;>==8 ?;>A:>AB8. .6=8OB A:;>=, =0?@>B82, 5 AB@J<5= 8 >3>;5=, 8 >B ?@>;><0 =0 @. A:J@ 4> 5A5<2@8O B>9 ?@54AB02;O20 =5?@5:JA=0B0 AB5=0, 4J;30 >:>;> 50 <8;8. !0<> =0 B@8 <5AB0 A5 ?@5:JA20 B>9 >B 24;J1=0B8=8, :>8B> 3> A2J@720B A CA?>@54=> ?@>B>G5=0B0 A@54=0 ?;0=8=A:0 25@830. ">O >B25A5= N65= A:;>= 5 ?@>87;O7J; >B 48A;>:0F8>==0 ?C:=0B8=0, ?@8 :>5B> ?;0=8=8B5 =0 N3 A <0;:8 87:;NG5=8O (!@54=0 3>@0) A0 ?>BJ=0;8 AJ2A5<. @8 ?>;8B5 =0 B0O 3830=BA:0 A:0;8AB0 AB5=0 8<0 <=>3> B>?;8 872>@8 8 @07=>@>4=8 2C;:0=8G=8 A:0;8. <a href="#13">[13]</a> > =0G8=0 =0 A2>5B> >1@07C20=5 0;:0=JB ?@8;8G0 B2J@45 =0 G5H:8B5 C4=8 ?;0=8=8. B N6=0 AB@0=0 B>9 ?@54AB02;O20 25;8G5AB25=> 7@5;8I5, 0 >B A525@=0 ?>=O:>30 =8:0: =5 ?>@07O20. 04 28A>:>B> 18;> =0@O4:> A5 874830B >B45;=8 7=0G8B5;=8 2J@E>25. 0 70?04 >B A:J@ 4> "8<>:, =0?@>B82, A525@=8OB A:;>= =0 ?;0=8=0B0 5 ?>-AB@J<5= 8 5 4J;J3 >:>;> 17 <8;8. <a href="#14">[14]</a> A:J@A:8OB ?@>;>< 45;8 0;:0=0 =0 425 G0AB8 : 70?04=0 8 87B>G=0.  >?8A0=85B> A8 =85 I5 2J@28< >B 70?04 :J< 87B>:. 0?04=0B0 G0AB 5 >I5 <0;:> ?>7=0B0.  ?>A;54=8B5 3>48=8 =0 =5O >1J@=0E0 >A>15=> 2=8<0=85 560=, 70 AJ60;5=85 @0=> ?>G8=0;, 8 3;02=> 0=8F. <a href="#15">[15]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">3.<i> 0?045= 0;:0=.</i> 540;5G >B 20=>20 ;82040 ?@57 ?@>E>40 !2. 8:>;0 (1384 <) 2>48 =0?@025= ?@57 1863 3. AJA AB@0B538G=0 F5; ?> 70?>254 =0 84E0B ?0H0 ?JB >B 8H020 70 4>;8=0B0 =0 @. ><; ?>-@0=> =0 BC@A:0 75<O =5 5 8<0;> =8:0:2> AJ>1I5=85 <564C 8H 8 848=, ?>=565 AB0@8OB ?JB >B 2@5<5B> =0 A@J1A:0B0 @52>;NF8O A5 =0<8@0 2 GC648 @JF5. 0=8F, :><CB> 4J;68< ?@>CG20=5B> 8 548= 284 >B:@820=5B> =0 0?04=8O 0;:0=, =0@8G0 70?04=0B0 G0AB<i> !25B8 8:>;0-0;:0=</i>. >-=0B0BJ: A5 874830B ?;0=8=8B5 <i>018= 7J1</i>, A5B=5 <i>"@8 GC:8</i>, <564C 3@04>25B5 8@>B, 5@:>28F0 8 5;>3@04G8:. B 2J@E0 =0 ?;0=8=0B0 "@8 GC:8 A5 28640 C=02 A @07?>;>65=8B5 :@09 =53> 3@04>25 848=, @G0@ 8 @OE>2>, <a href="#16">[16]</a> !CE0 ?;0=8=0, B0=, !>D8O, 8B>H0 8 ?;0=8=8B5 ?@8 !0<>:>2. <a href="#17">[17]</a> @57 3;02=0B0 25@830, :>OB> A5 AJAB>8 >B 20@>28: 8 ?OAJG=8: 8 >BG0AB8 ?@54AB02;O20 >3>;5=8 A:0;8, >BG0AB8 5 ?>:@8B0 A :@0A828 1C:>28 3>@8, 2>4OB >B 8@>B 70 C=02A:0B0 >1;0AB 420 ?@>E>40, 4>ABJ?=8 A0<> 70 B>20@=8 :>=5; ?@57 548=8O (1897 <) <i>4>AB830H</i> '8?@>2F8, :>9B> >I5 ?@548 200 3>48=8 8<0; A545< A@51J@=8 @C4=8:0 8 18; 3>;O< 3@04; ?@57 4@C38O (1919 <)  5@:>28F0. > 8<5B> =0 B>O 3@04 8 ?@>4J;65=85B> =0 25@830B0 A5 =0@8G0 <i>5@:>28H:0 ?;0=8=0</i>, ?>=565 87>1I> G0AB8B5 =0 0;:0=0 =>AOB G5AB> 8<5=0B0 =0 1;87>;560I8B5 3@04>25. "0O G0AB =0 0;:0=8B5 5 >3>;5=0 G0: 4></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="13">13</a></b>. F. Hochstetter, Reise durch Rumelien, AB@. 598.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="14">14</a></b>. F. Kanitz, Donau-Bulgarien und der Balkan. Historischgeographische Reisestudien, II, Leipzig, 1877, AB@. 317.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="15">15</a></b>. F. Kanitz, Donau-Bulgarien und der Balkan, Bd. I, 1875, Bd. II, 1877.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="16">16</a></b>. J;30@A:8OB 72C: c A5 ?@>87=0AO @07;8G=>, A?>@54 480;5:B0 : 50, , ja, 0. @5E>2> 8;8 @OE>2> ( 0E>2>, @5>2> =0 :0@B8B5).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="17">17</a></b>. 6. 70?8A:8B5 =0 1J;30@A:8O 2>52>40 0=09>B %8B>2, :>9B> G5AB> ?JBC20; ?> F5;8O 0;:0= >B '5@=> <>@5 4> !J@18O (>5B> ?JBC20=85 ?> !B0@0 ?;0=8=0, C:C@5I, 1872, AB@. 151).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">40</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">2J@E0 8 A5 874830 =0 28A>G8=0 4> 2000 <; 2 >18;=0B0 AJA A=53>25 <5AB=>AB, ?@57 :>OB> <8=020 ?075=8OB >B G5B8@8 AB@068 ?JB >B 5@:>28F0 70 !>D8O, BO =0?><=O <=>3> H259F0@A:8B5 ;0=4H0DB8. >-=0B0BJ: =0 87B>: ?> 18;>B> 4>AB830H ?>GB8 =54>ABJ?=>B> <OAB>, 45B> A5 ?@><J:20 @. A:J@, :>OB> A8 5 >B2>@8;0 ?JB 2 4J;1>:0B0 ?@>?0AB >B 28A>:> @07?>;>65=0B0 !>D89A:0 :>B;>28=0 :J< C=02.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">5 A0<> 4> B0O G0AB, => 8 4> F5;8O 0;:0= >B A525@ A5 4>1;86020B CA?>@54=> ?@>B>G5=8 20@>28B8 ?;0=8=8, ?>25G5B> ?>:@8B8 A 3>@0 8 ?@>@O720=8 >B 3>@=8B5 B5G5=8O =0 4C=02A:8B5 ?@8B>F8 : ><, &81@0, 3>AB0 8 4@.; B5 2A8G:8 8728@0B >B 3;02=0B0 25@830. @09=0B0 70?04=0 G0AB =0 B8O ?@54?;0=8=8 >1@07C20B <i>!B>;>28B5 ?;0=8=8</i>, <564C @G0@ 8 ><. 564C BOE 8 0;:0=0 A5 =0<8@0 >G0@>20B5;=0 A:0;8AB0 <5AB=>AB, 2 :>OB> 5 @07?>;>65=0 <J=8G:0B0 :@5?>AB <i>5;>3@04G8:</i>. 830=BA:8 ABJ;1>25 >B BJ<=>G5@25= ?OAJG=8:, >:8G5=8 ?> 2J@E>25B5 A 3@C?8 4J@25B0, A5 874830B 2 =09-D0=B0AB8G=8 D>@<8 =0 ?>25G5 >B 200 <; @0745;5=8 548= >B 4@C3 G@57 4>;G8=:8 8 >18:>;5=8 A @07:>H=0 75;5=8=0, B5 >1@07C20B 482=8 3@C?8 8 0;58, AO:0H >:0<5=O; 3@04 A :C;8, 70<JF8, :JI8, <>AB>25, >15;8A:8, :>@018, E>@0 8 682>B=8. ">O G0@>25= A2OB 15 >B:@8B >B 0=8F. <a href="#18"> [18]</a> @548 =53> B0O <5AB=>AB 28640; A0<> ;0=:8, <a href="#19">[19]</a> :>9B> O >?8A20 A 2J7E8I5=85 :  8 ;8C;A:8B5 B5A=8=8 2 @>20=A, =8 0=:>@1A:>B> 45D8;5 2 A?0=8O, =8 ;?8B5, =8 8@5=58B5, =8 =09-4828B5 B8@>;A:8 8 H259F0@A:8 ?;0=8=8 =5 <>30B A5 A@02=8 A B0O <5AB=>AB. >-=0B0BJ: =0 87B>: 54=0 G0AB >B B8O ?@54?;0=8=8 A5 8<5=C20 <i>@0G0=A:0 ?;0=8=0</i>. @0F0, 4>AB0 7=0G8B5;5= 3@04, 5 @07?>;>65= 2 54=0 =5>18:=>25=> 682>?8A=0 <5AB=>AB. >9B> 8420 :J< =53> >B A525@, 28640 >B2J4 3@040 >3@><=8 20@>28B8 <0A8, 15;8 :0B> A=O3 8 >3>;5=8, =0B@C?0=8 :0B> ABJ;1>25 8 7J1F8; @. 520 A5 ?@>28@0 B0< ?@57 54=0 ?@5:@0A=0 ?C:=0B8=0. <a href="#20">[20]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">4. <i> 7B>G5= 0;:0=</i>. B2J4 A:J@A:>B> 45D8;5 A5 874830 G5AB> 2J7?O20=0B0 2 1J;30@A:8B5 =0@>4=8 ?5A=8 <i>C@30H ?;0=8=0</i>, >B G89B> 2@JE A5 28640B 4J;1>:> =04>;C A:J@, ?>-=0B0BJ: !>D8O A FO;0B0 :>B;>28=0, 8;0, >4>?0, 0 =0 A525@ 8@>B, @0F0 8 ;525=. 7B>G=> >B C@30H 8<0 ?@>E>4 (1050 <), ?@57 :>9B> <8=020B ?JB 8 B5;53@0D; B>20 5 =>28OB ?JB >B !>D8O 70 =5402=0 >A=>20=>B> >B BC@F8B5 2 0;:0=0 @E0=85. >-=0B0BJ: G0AB8B5 =0 3@515=0 A5 =0@8G0B : <i> C=>2A:0</i> 8;8 <i>B@>?>;A:0 ?;0=8=0</i>, >B :>OB> A5 28640B !>D8O, 8B>H0 8 >4>?0; <i>8@:>2A:0 ?;0=8=0</i>, AJ548=5=0 G@57 A54;>28=0 A EB8<0=A:0 !@54=0 3>@0; <i>;0B8H:0 ?;0=8=0</i> =04 3@04 ;0B8F0, @07?>;>65= =0 N6=8O A:;>= 2 54=0 ?;>4>@>4=0 8 3JAB> =0A5;5=0 4>;8=0, 8 <i>J65=A:0 ?;0=8=0</i>. !525@=8OB A:;>= BC: 5 ?>:@8B A 3>;5<8 4J1>28 8 1C:>28 3>@8. >-=0B0BJ: A;5420 <i> ;8AC@A:0 ?;0=8=0</i> A</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="18">18</a></b>. F. Kanitz, Donau-Bulgarien, I, AB@. 260 266 (A :0@B8=0).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="19">19</a></b>. . Blanqui, Voyage en Bulgarie, Paris, 1843, AB@. 150.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="20">20</a></b>. G. Lejean, Voyage en Bulgarie. Le Tour du monde, XIII, 1873, AB@. 146. . Rockstroh, ber den Balkan, Mittheil. der k. k. Geogr. Gesell., 1874, AB@. 445. Kanitz, Donau-Bulgarien, II, AB@. 324 (c :0@B8=0).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="21">21</a></b>. [B@>?>;. !@2. 575@>B> B@>?>;5 ?@8 5I5@0 2 >4>?0. !B. 0E0@852, 5>3@0D8:>- 8AB>@8:>-AB0B8AB8G5A:> >?8A0=85 =0 "0B0@-?070@468H:0B0 :0070, 85=0, 1870, AB@. 63. Ad Etro A@2. Athrys, Jetra.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">41</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">872>@8B5 =0 8B; 4> N6=8O ] A:;>= A5 4>1;86020 &5=B@0;=0 !@54=0 3>@0. 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">20 A0 <i>048<;8O</i> ?@8 0;>D5@ <a href="#24">[24]</a> 8 >A>15=> <i> 0@03848:</i> ?@8 0@;>2>, =09-28A>:8OB 2@JE =0 0;:0=0 (4> 2400 <), =5>18:=>25=> AB@J<5= 8 ?@02 :C?5= A <=>3>1@>9=8 7J15@8, :>9B> >B1;87> ?@028 4J;1>:> 8 4>@8 B56:> 2?5G0B;5=85. <a href="#25">[25]</a> @8 >A=>20=85B> =0 0@03848:, =04 872>@8B5 =0 "C=460, 2 4820 8 ?@5:@0A=0, 87>18;=0 A 2>4>?048 A:0;8AB0 <5AB=>AB, A5 =0<8@0 =09-28A>:8OB ?@>E>4 ?@57 0;:0=8B5, >70;8B0 (1930 <). !525@=> >B 070=;J:, @07?>;>65= 2 GC4=> EC1020 <5AB=>AB, <564C 3@0<04=8 ?;0=8=A:8 25@838 8 >1H8@=8 ?>;5B0, ?>:@8B8 A @>78, ?@8 A5;> (8?:0 (572 <), A5 >B:@820 3;02=8OB ?@>E>4 ?@57 0;:0=8B5 (1446 <), :>9B> 2>48 >B 4>;8=0B0 =0 "C=460 :J< @. /=B@0. <5=C20B 3> AJI> 8 <i>070=</i>, 425 AB@068 3> 20@4OB. @57 1837 3. BC: 18; =0?@025= 70 AC;B0= 0E<C4 II ?JB, :>9B> 2?@>G5< A:>@> A5 @0720;8;, B0:0 G5 ?@57 1855 3. AC;B0= 14C; 54684 B@O120;> 40 =0?@028 =>2, :>9B> A530 AJI> BJ9 157A;54=> 5 87G57=0;.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">BBC: 70?>G20B 452AB25=8B5 10;:0=A:8 3>@8, A:@8B8 2 <@0G=8 ?@>;><8 8 ?>GB8 =54>ABJ?=8 28A>:8 4>;8=8. "0O G0AB =0 0;:0=8B5 A5 AJAB>8 >B 3@0=8B 8 3=09A. 09-4820B0 G0AB =0 0;:0=8B5 A5 =0<8@0 BC: <564C (8?:0 8 !;825=A:8O ?@>E>4 =0 4J;68=0 ?@81;878B5;=> 15 <8;8. 3>;5=>B> A:0;8AB> 18;> 87?J:20 28A>:> =04 3JAB8B5 1C:0F8 2 ?>-4>;C;560I8B5 <5AB=>AB8. ">20 =5?@>E>48<> ?;0=8=A:> 18;> 2 ?@>4J;65=85 =0 25:>25 A;C68 70 ;N18<> A2J@B0;8I5 =0 1J;30@A:8B5 E094CB8 (:;5DB8); 2AO:0 ?;0=8=0, ?@>;>< 8 ?>B>: 8<0B C BOE A2>5 8<5, ?@540=85 8 ?5A=8. ;0 40 A5 68255 ?> B8O 28A8=8 5 2J7<>6=> A0<> ?@57 ;OB>B>. 8<=> 2@5<5 :0@B8=0B0 =0 B0O <5AB=AAB <>65< =09-4>1@5 40 A8 ?@54AB028< >B 15;568B>B> >?8A0=85 =0 E094CH:8O 2>92>40 0=09>B %8B>2 :  OBJ@JB @525H5 :0B> 15A5=; A=53JB A5 15;55H5; @5:8B5 8 45@5B0B0 HC<OE0 60;>AB=>; 2J;F8B5 285E0 ?> ?;0=8=0B0; 0 =O:>8 78<=8 ?8;5B0 GC@C;8:0E0  ?>25G5</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="22">22</a></b>. 5AB=>AB8B5 B@>?>;5 8 "@>O= ;560B =0 A525@=0B0 AB@0=0, 0 8@:>2>, C=>2>, J65=5, ;8AC@0 8 !>?>B  =0 N6=0B0.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="23">23</a></b>. !. Jire ek, Die Heerstrasse etc, AB@. 156 A;.  B0O :=830 <>65 40 A5 =0<5@8 8AB>@8OB0 =0 2A8G:8 ?@>E>48.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="24">24</a></b>. [0;>D5@ : Tanacetum Balsamita.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="25">25</a></b>. 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"2J@48F0, ?@8 ?>;8B5 =0 N6=8O A:;>=, 70:J45B> 2>48 >B ;5=0 54=0 ?JB5:0 ?@57 0;:0=0, :>OB> ?>G=0E0 =5402=0 40 ?@5?@02OB =0 ?JB, A5 874830 <i>"2J@48H:0 ?;0=8=0</i>, 8;8 <i>'5<5@=0</i>, C:@0A5=0 AJA A@54=>25:>2=8 @0720;8=8.  B B>20 <OAB>, :0720 0=09>B, A5 2848 !0:0@ ?;0=8=0, 2848 A5 48@=5, 2848 A5 ;>2482, 2848 A5 >A?0B. >3;5409 8 =04OA=>. 848 A5 ;5=0, 2848 A5 51@>2>, 2848 A5 "J@=>2>, 2848 A5 01@>2>, 2848 A5 ;525=. "0:0 AJI> >B B0O ?;0=8=0 A5 2848 @. "C=460, ?>:@09 :>OB> A5 =0<8@0B F5;8 ?>;5B0, =0A045=8 A B@5=40D8;. 0B> ?>3;54=5H :J< N3, B> 28640H ?>;5B0 8 <=>65AB2> @5:8; 0 :0B> ?>3;54=5H :J< C=02, B> 28640H 1J@40 8 HC<0F8; 3>@8B5 A0 >1;5=8 AJA 7;0B=8B5 ;JG8 =0 1J;30@A:>B> A;J=F5; :5@5<848B5 A5 G5@25=5OB 87?><564C 75;5=>B> ?>;5; 15;8B5 :JI8F8 =04=8G0B 87?><564C A;820F8B5, >@5H0F8B5, :@CH0F8B5 8 28H=OF8B5; 0 @5:8B5 ;JIOB >B A;J=F5B> :0B> A@51J@=8 ?>OA8. </font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> >-=0B0BJ: A5 =0<8@0B B5A=8=8 (1104 <), =0@8G0=8 ?> BC@A:8 <i>5<8@:0?C</i> (5;57=8 2@0B0), ?> 1J;30@A:8 <i>@0B=8:</i>; ?@57 BOE <8=020 ?JBOB >B !;825= ?@57 !B0@0 @5:0 70 "J@=>2>. !525@>87B>G=> >B !;825=, ?@02> A@54 @02=8=0B0, A5 874830 <i>'0B0;:0</i> (BC@A:8 <i>'0B0;403</i>), >3@><=0 AB@J<=0 A:0;0 >B :20@F>2 ?>@D8@ A 2@JE, 482> 87@O70= 2J2 284 =0 7J1F8 (1054 <). <a href="#27"> [27]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">B B>20 <OAB> 0;:0=JB A5 @07B20@O H8@>:> 8 A5 @07:;>=O20 =0 B@8 25@838. !525@=0B0 25@830 (=0 :0@B8B5 <i>0;J:</i>, 8;8 <i>NGC: 0;:0=</i>) A5 ?@>AB8@0 4> >;O<0 0<G8O; =0 A525@ 4> =5O A5 4>1;86020B <i>8=0@403</i> ?@8 A<0= 070@ 8 28A>G8=8B5 ?@8 (C<5=, 704 :>8B> A5 H8@8 <i>5;8>@<0=</i> (?> BC@A:8 : C40 3>@0). !@54=0B0 25@830, >18:=>25=> =0@8G0=0 <i>!B0@0 ?;0=8=0</i>, A5 ?@>AB8@0 =0 87B>: 4> A;820=5B> =0 425B5 0<G88. .6=0B0 25@830 @0745;O 4>;8=0B0 =0 0;:0 0<G8O >B "@0:89A:0B0 @02=8=0 G0: 4> <>@5B>; =0 A525@>87B>: >B !;825= BO A5 =0@8G0 <i>0B59A:0 ?;0=8=0</i>. <a href="#28">[28]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">0<G8O A5 >1@07C20 >B 425 @5:8; >B 2A8G:8 @5:8, :>8B> 8728@0B >B 0;:0=0, A0<> BO =5 B5G5 25@B8:0;=> :J< 25@830B0 >B N3 :J< A525@, 0 E>@87>=B0;=> >B 70?04 :J< 87B>:. <i>>;O<0 0<G8O</i> (BC@. CN:, 8;8 :J;8 0<G8:) 8728@0 4> "8G0 (BC@. '8B0:) ?>4 0;:8O 0;:0= 8 B5G5 ?>:@09 4@52=>1J;30@A:8O 3@04 @5A;02 (A:8 !B0<1C;) 2J2 284 =0 4J30 =0 A525@ 4> <>@5B>. <i>0;:0</i>, 8;8 <i>C40 0<G8O</i> (NGC:, 8;8 5;8 0<G8:), 8728@0 <564C A@54=0B0 8 N6=0B0 25@830, ?@8 0:>2>. @8 A5;> !0=4J:;8 425B5 0<G88 A5 A;820B 8 B5:0B ?@02> =0 87B>: 4> <>@5B>.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">"0O G0AB =0 0;:0=0 A5 AJAB>8 >B :@54=8 ?;0AB>25 A 874J=:8 >B ?>@D8@ 8 =0 ?>25G5B> <5AB0 5 ?>:@8B0 A 3>@8 >B 1C:, 4J1 8 301J@. > BOE A5</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="26">26</a></b>. 0?8A:8 =0 0=09>B %8B>2, AB@. 40 8 149.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="27">27</a></b>. 8A>G8=0B0 5 >7=0G5=0 A?>@54 Bou, Turquie d&#39;Europe, I, AB@. 92. !@2. Hochstetter, I, AB@. 588.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="28">28</a></b>. >4>-0;:0= =0 =0H8B5 :0@B8.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">43</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">2J4OB <5G:8, 2J;F8, ;8A8F8, 4828 :>78, @>30G8 8 709F8.  B0O <5AB=>AB 8<0 B@8 206=8 ?@>E>40. 09-70?04=8OB, 4>ABJ?5= A0<> 70 B>20@=8 682>B=8, 2>48 >B !;825= ?@57 0B59A:0 ?;0=8=0 70 A. G5@0 (BC@. 5G5@0); ?>-=0B0BJ: ?@57 C40 0<G8O 8 3@045F0 5@02=0 (0H:L>9) 4>25640 4> 3@. >B5; (BC@. 070=) =0 >B2J4=0B0 AB@0=0 =0 A@54=0B0 25@830; >BBC: <>65 40 A5 4>AB83=5 ?@57 ?@>E>40 (624 <) =0 "8G0 4> >;O<0 0<G8O. @C38B5 420 ?@>E>40 70?>G20B >B 0@=>10B (210 <). 0?04=8OB >B BOE 2>48 ?@57 54=0 A54;>28=0 2 N6=0B0 25@830 :J< C40 0<G8O 8 ?>-=0B0BJ: ?@57 B5A=8=8B5 <i>>B;5=A:8 1>07</i> 70 >B5;, 345B> A5 AJ548=O20 A ?>-?@548H=8O. 7B>G=8OB ?@>E>4 ({  C 2870=B89F8B5) <a href="#29"> [29]</a> A ?JB, =0?@025= >B AC;B0= 0E<C4 II, <8=020 ?@57 ><0@>2> 4> 2>4>45;0 =0 "C=460 8 C40 0<G8O (300 <), >B2J4 B0O @5:0 A5 874830 ?@8 '0;J:020: ?> A@54=0B0 25@830 =0 0;:0=0 (402 <), A;54 B>20 A5 A?CI0 :J< >;O<0 0<G8O 8 2>48 ?>-=0B0BJ: 70 (C<5= (257 <).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> 09-87B>G=0B0 G0AB =0 0;:0=0, <i><8=5 0;:0=</i> (>:>;> 1000 <), 702J@H20 ?@8 '5@=> <>@5 A =>A <8=5 (2 A@54=. 25:>25 Cavo di l Emano), <a href="#30"> [30]</a> 45B> 5 @07?>;>65= 54=>8<5= 3@04, A@54=>25:>2=0B0 <>=0 <a href="#31"> [31]</a>. @8 9B>A 2 "@0:8O (143 <) A5 =0<8@0B =09-87B>G=8B5 ?@>E>48 =0 0;:0=0, 548= >B :>8B> (<i>048@ 45@15=4</i>) 2>48 70 4>;8=0B0 =0 0;:0 0<G8O A ?JB 70 (C<5=; 4@C3, AJI> >B 9B>A, ?@57 4>;8=0B0 J@: 35G84 (40 ?@>E>40) ?@57 5;8465 45@5 ?@02> =0 A525@ 70 @>2048O (BC: 8<0 A;548 >B @8<A:8 ?JB); =09-A5B=5 B@5B8, :@091@565= ?@>E>4, ?@57 :>9B> A0 <8=0;8 @CA8B5 ?@57 1829 3., 2>48 :@09 <>@A:8O 1@O3 >B 5A5<2@8O 8 =E80;> 70 0@=0.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">5. <i> >1@C460</i>. 0 A525@ >B 87B>G=0B0 AB@0=0 =0 0;:0=0 ;568 >1@C460 (Scytia minor C 4@52=8B5), 28A>:0 @02=8=0 (100 200 <) AJA AB@J<=8 :@08I0 :0:B> :J< C=02, BJ9 8 :J< <>@5B>. ;87> 4> 4C=02A:8B5 CAB8O, >1@07C209:8 548= 284 ?>;C>AB@>2 <564C <>@5B> 8 C=02, >1@C460 ?@54AB02;O20 3>@8AB0 ?;0=8=A:0 3@C?0, 2 :>OB> A5 874830 <i>!0:0@ 108@</i> (515 <) ?@8 010403. >1@C460 =0?><=O C=30@A:0B0 =878=0, 2 ?>-3>;O<0B0 A8 G0AB 5 @02=0 AB5?, ?>:@8B0 A @07:>H=0 B@520; BC: 5 A2J@B0;8I5B> =0 G5@30@8B5->2G0@8, :>8B> 4>:0@20B =0A0< AB040 >2F5 8 :>78 4>@8 >B "@0=A8;20=8O (<>:0=8); A0<> BC:-B0< >:>;> A5;0B0 A5 >1@01>B20B =828 8 3@048=8. <a href="#32">[32]</a> <5B> >1@C460 40B8@0 >B :@0O =0 XIV 2.; BO 5 =0@5G5=0 B0:0 ?> 8<5B> =0 1J;30@A:8O :=O7 >1@>B8G. <a href="#33">[33]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="29">29</a></b>. 8:8B0 %>=80B 2 54=> ?8A<> >B 1187 3., !. Sathas, Bibl. graeca medii aevi, I, AB@. 78. !@2. Jire ek, Heerstrasse etc, AB@. 150.  A@54=8B5 25:>25 18; 3;025= ?@>E>4.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="30">30</a></b>. Canale, Della Crimea, Genova, II, 1855, AB@. 362.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="31">31</a></b>. Miklosich et Mller, Acta patriarchatus Constantinopolita I, 1, AB@. 367.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="32">32</a></b>. [>1@C460 :0B> desertum >B 0@=0 :J< C=020 C Palatio, 1444. Khler, Lhl. von Nikopolis und Varna, 50 nota. 0B> FO;0 ?CAB8=O >?8A20 >1@C460 8 Moltke 2 8AB>@8OB0 =0 2>9=0B0 ?@57 1829 3. 8 2 Beg. und Briefe.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="33">33</a></b>. . F. Peters, Reisebriefe eines deutschen Naturforschers aus der Dobrudscha, st. Revue, IV VII, 1865; VIII X, XII, 1866. C=4C;8G AJI> BJ9 >?8A20 >1@C460 (III, 63 A;.). 0 >1@>B8G 26. 3;. XXII.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">44</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><b> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">2. !B@0=460</font></span></b></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> 7B>G=0B0 G0AB =0 "@0:8O, >=B89A:>B> :@091@5685, 5 70B2>@5=0 >B 54=0 ?;0=8=A:0 25@830, :>OB> >18:=>25=> =0@8G0B <i>!B@0=460</i>. <a href="#34">[34]</a> "8O ?;0=8=8 A0 @0745;5=8 >B 0;:0=0 G@57 54=> 2C;:0=8G=> ?;>A:>3>@85, :>5B> A5 ?@>AB8@0 >B "C=460 4>@8 4> <>@5B> 8 5 >A5O=> A <=>3>1@>9=8 ?@028;=8 :>=CA>>1@07=8 2J728H5=8O (NGC: 0:0468:, >:>;> 700 <). > A0<8B5 ?>;8 =0 0;:0=0 ;568 54=0 ?;>4>@>4=0, >BG0AB8 <>GC@;820 @02=8=0. "8O 20@>28B8 ?;0=8=8 =0 !B@0=460, 4>A530 <0;:> ?@>CG5=8, A5 A?CI0B AB@J<=> :J< <>@5B> 8 ?>;530B> :J< "@0:89A:0B0 @02=8=0. "5 A0 ?>:@8B8 A 3>@8, ?@>@O70=8 A0 A <=>3> A:0;8AB8 4>;8=8 8 87>18;AB2C20B A ?5I5@8, :>8B> A?>@54 =0@>4=8B5 @07:078 A5 AJ548=O20B ?>4 0;:0=0 A C=02. >@8AB8B5 2J728H5=8O 4>AB830B 4> 1000 < 28A>G8=0. "C: 8<0 <=>3> >1H8@=8 4J1>28 3>@8, ?> :>8B> 1J;30@A:8B5 E094CB8 4>E>640B ?>GB8 4> &0@83@04. "0O ?;0=8=A:0 25@830 ?@5<8=020 ?@8 >AD>@0 2J2 2870=B89A:8O ?>;C>AB@>2.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> J3J;0 <564C "C=460 8 0@8F0, =0 548= 45= ?JB A525@=> >B 4@8=, A5 874830 <i>!0:0@ ?;0=8=0</i>, CA0<>B5=0 3@0=8B=0 ?;0=8=0, ?>:@8B0 A 4J1>28 3>@8 (>:>;> 900 <), 28640=0 >B 2A8G:8 AB@0=8 =0 40;5G=> @07AB>O=85.  A@54=8B5 25:>25 BO A5 8<5=C20;0 ?> 3@JF:8 <i>0@0>@8O</i>, ?> A;02O=A:8 <i>!:@8B=0O</i>. 0 70?04 >B =5O, >B2J4 0@8F0, ?@8 %0@<0=;8 70?>G20B 3@0=8B=8B5 ?@54?;0=8=8 =0 >4>?8B5; =0 87B>:, >B2J4 ?@>;><0 =0 "C=460, =0 6 G0A0 ?JB ;560B ?@54?;0=8=8B5 =0 !B@0=460.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">04;J6 ?> 70?04=8O 1@O3 =0 @>?>=B840, N3>70?04=> >B !B@0=460, A5 ?@>AB8@0 548= =8AJ: 3@515=, =0@8G0= <i>"5:8@403</i>. @8 !0@>A:8O 70;82 B>9 A5 @0742>O20. .3>70?04=8OB :;>= 705<0 "@0:89A:8 %5@A>=5A, 0 70?04=8OB (<i>C@C403</i>) 2J@78 =04;J6 ?> 1@530 4> CAB8OB0 =0 0@8F0, 45B> ?@8 =>A A5 874830 <i>'0B0;B5?5</i> (396 <), >B :>5B> A5 >B:@820 ?@5:@0A5= 873;54 =0 <>@5B> 8 >AB@>28B5.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">564C >4>?0, !0:0@ ?;0=8=0, !B@0=460, "5:8@403 8 C@C403 A5 @07AB8;0 54=0 >1H8@=0 @02=8=0, 150 200 < =04 <>@A:>B> @02=8I5, :>OB> A5 =0?>O20 >B 0@8F0 8 @:5=5 8 >B B5E=8B5 ?@8B>F8. "0O 54=>>1@07=0 B@0:89A:0 AB5? 5 3;04:0 :0B> <>@5  =8 4J@2>, =8 ?;0=8=0 8<0; ?>G20B0 ] >BG0AB8 5 ?5AJG;820 8 3;8=5AB0, >BG0AB8 G5@=>75<, 0;0 =5 5 >1@01>B5=0; A0<> =0 =O:>8 <5AB0 5 ?>:@8B0 A 4@51=0 4J1>20 3>@0. >-3>;O<0B0 ] G0AB >10G5 ?@54AB02;O20 AB5?, 45B> 2?@>G5< @0AB0B ?>25G5 1>48;, A;57 8 ;09:CG:0, >B:>;:>B> B@520. OB=> 2@5<5 >B ?0;5I8B5 ;JG8 =0 A;J=F5B> BO A5 ?@52@JI0 2 ?CAB8=O. O4:> B0< A5 25ABO20B AB040; 70B>20 ?J: =0 OB0 A5 2J4OB IJ@:5;8, ;5H>O4F8 8 30@38, 0 ?> 4>;8I0B0  <=>65AB2> :>AB5=C@:8.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="34">34</a></b>. <5B> !B@0=460 (>B 2870=B89A:8O 3@04 s, 4=5A AB@0=460, A@2. Jire ek, Heerstrasse, AB@. 102) ?@8=04;568 2 AJI=>AB =0 <0;:0 G0AB >:>;> AB@0=460 1;87> 4> !0@09. 7>1I> =0 ?>;C>AB@>20 4>AB0 @O4:> 8<0 >1I8 =0720=8O 70 @548F0 28A>G8=8.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">45</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><b> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">3. !@54=0 3>@0 ( C<5;89A:8 A@54=8 ?;0=8=8)</font></span></b></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">04;J6 ?>:@09 N6=8O A:;>= =0 0;:0=8B5, CA?>@54=> =0 BOE >B !>D8O 4> !;825=, A5 ?@>AB8@0 54=0 25@830, :>OB> 5420 =5402=0 5 ?@>CG5=0 >B %>EI5B5@ 8 >B =53> 5 =0@5G5=0 C<5;89A:0 A@54=0 25@830. <a href="#35">[35]</a> >-?@548 >18:=>25=> O A<5A20E0 A 0;:0=0. !B@5<0 8 ">?>;=8F0, ?@8B>F8 =0 0@8F0, O 45;OB =0 B@8 G0AB8, :>8B> %>EI5B5@ =0@8G0 0@0460403, !@54=0 3>@0 8 EB8<0=A:8 A@545= 3@515=. 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B =53>28B5 ?>;8 70?>G20 157:@09=0B0 @02=8=0 =0 >@=0 "@0:8O, :>OB> AJA A2>O 4J;1>: G5@=>75< 5 >AB0=0;0 AJI8=A:0 68B=8F0 =0 "C@F8O.  4@573020B0 40;5G8=0 A5 28640B >G5@B0=8OB0 =0 @>4>?A:8B5 ?;0=8=8. 0 N6=8O A:;>= A5 28OB :0B> ;5=B0 >2>I=8 3@048=8, 2 :>8B> A5 :@8OB <=>3>1@>9=8 A5;0. J;30@A:8OB 3@04 !B0@0 03>@0, 8;8 5;57=8: (234 <), ;568 2 AJI8=A:0 3@048=0, :0:B> ?>-=0B0BJ: =0 87B>: =8 03>@0 (158 <).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">!JI8=A:0 F5=B@0;=0 <i>!@54=0 3>@0</i> (=>2>3@JF:8 s D, BC@A:8 <i>@B0403</i>), =09-28A>:0 2 FO;0B0 @C<5;89A:0 25@830, ?@54AB02;O20 5AB5AB25=> 703@045=> FO;>. ">20 5 CA?>@54=> =0 0;:0=8B5 ?;>A:> ?;0=8=A:> 18;>, 28A>:> >:>;> 1700 <. 0 87B>: !B@5<0 3> 45;8 >B 0@0460403, =0 70?04 ">?>;=8F0  >B EB8<0=A:8B5 ?;0=8=8.  4>;8=0B0 <564C !@54=0 3>@0 8 0;:0=8B5 B5G5 L>?A0 =0 87B>: (2 !B@5<0) 8 ">?>;=8F0 =0 70?04; <564C 872>@8B5 =0 425B5 A5 =0<8@0 =8A:0 A54;>28=0, 45B> ?@57 ?@>;><0 <i>@>E>4</i> <>65 40 A5 >B845 >B ;8AC@0 2 ;0B8F0. 1J@=0B8OB :J< 0;:0=8B5 A:;>= =0 B8O >I5 <0;:> 8725AB=8 ?;0=8=8 5 AB@J<5=. 0 N3 B5 A5 A?CI0B 4>AB0 ?>;530B>; BC: ?@8 2J@E>25B5 B5 A0 ?>:@8B8 A 3>@0, 0 ?>-=04>;C A0 70A045=8 A ;>7O 8 A0 3JAB> =0A5;5=8. 09-206=8 <5AB0 =0 !@54=0 3>@0 A0 1J;30@A:8B5 3@04G5B0 >?@82I8F0 8 0=03N@8I5.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><i> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> EB8<0=A:8OB A@545= 3@515=</font></span></i><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">, @0745;5= >B ?@54845I8O G@57 4J;1>:8O ?@>;>< =0 ">?>;=8F0, AJ548=O20 0;:0=8B5 A 8;0 8 >4>?0, 0 B0:0 AJI> 8 A 4@C38B5 ?;0=8=8 =0 ?>;C>AB@>20. ">9 >1@07C20 AJI> 8 2>4>45; <564C "@0:89A:0B0 @02=8=0 8 !>D89A:0B0 :>B;>28=0, A;54>20B5;=></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="35">35</a></b>. Hochstetter, I, AB@. 600 A;. Bou, La Turquie, I, AB@. 94 A?><5=020 A0<> 70 0@0460403. I5 =0 :0@B0B0 =0 ;>2482A:0B0 5?0@E8O 2 AJG8=5=85B> =0 A25I. >=AB0=B8= w  w y (85=0,1819) !@54=0 3>@0, 0@0460403 8 %5<CA A0 >7=0G5=8 ?@028;=>.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="36">36</a></b>. <5B> =0 3@04 0;>D5@ ?@>87;870 >B @0AB5=85B> :0;>?5@ (Tanacetum Balsamita).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">46</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"><564C ?@8B>F8B5 =0 0@8F0 8 C=02. > 0;:0=8B5 B>9 A5 4>?8@0 G@57 54=0 =8A:0 A54;>28=0 (835 <), ?@57 :>OB> AB020 ?@5<8=020=5B> >B ;0B8F0 70 !>D8O. @8 <OAB>B>, 45B> B>9 A5 >B45;O >B @8;A:8B5 ?;0=8=8, A5 =0<8@0B 872>@8B5 =0 0@8F0 8 4> BOE ?@>E>4JB (1037 <), ?@57 :>9B> <8=020;0 =O:>30 FO;0B0 BJ@3>28O <564C 03C70, !J@18O, ;10=8O 8 &0@83@04. 0;:> =0 87B>: >B A2>8B5 872>@8 0@8F0 <8=020 ?@57 <i>><8=0 :;8AC@0</i> (J7 45@15=4), <564C EB8<0=A:8O 3@515= 8 >4>?0, 8 B5G5 2 "@0:89A:0B0 @02=8=0. !530 ?@57 B8O 420 ?@>E>40 2>48 ?JBOB >B !0<>:>2 70 ". 070@468:. @57 EB8<0=A:8O 3@515= <8=020 =09-206=8OB ?JB =0 ?>;C>AB@>20  >B &0@83@04 70 5;3@04. >9B> ?JBC20 >B "@0:8O, 2J@28 >B=0G0;> 704 A5;F5B> 5B@5= (%8A0@468:) ?@57 54=0 :;8AC@0, 4J;30 3 G0A0 ?JB, =0@8G0=0 Succi C @8<;O=8B5, A530 <i>"@0O=>28 2@0B0</i>, 8;8 <i>0?C468:</i> (809 <). ! 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"OE AJ548=O20 ?;0=8=A:0B0 25@830 <i>5@8;0 ?;0=8=0</i>, ?@8 2>4>45;0 =0 A:J@0 8 !B@C<0. 0 70?04 >B 5@8;0 A5 ?@>B0:0 ?;>A:0 B5@0A>284=0 2J728H5=>AB <i>>=O2></i> 8 <i> J@18=0 ?;0=8=0</i>; >B 8B>H0 ?J: >B820B : =0 70?04 157;5A=>B> @02=8I5 <i>>;> 1J@4></i>, =0 A525@ <i>N;8= ?;0=8=0</i>, 4> :>OB> A5 4>?8@0 <564C 8H020 8 >@020 54=0 H8@>:0</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="37">37</a></b>. >4@>1=> 70 B>20 26. 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Mons ingentis altitudinis, Donucam vocant C 8289 (40, 58) 8  !B@01>= (4, @. 208) ?>:@09 %5< 8 >4>?0, =09-28A>:0B0 ?;0=8=0 2 "@0:8O, =0 :>OB> A5 >BB53;8;8 B@0:8B5, 70I8I0209:8 A5 A@5IC 10AB0@=8B5 (>:>;> 175 3. ?@. %@.), :>30B> ?>A;54=8B5 ?>B53;8;8 >B CAB85B> =0 C=02 2 AB@0=0B0 =0 40@40=8B5 (>:>;> !:>?85), 25G5 ?>@048 =0A>:0B0 =0 B>78 ?>E>4 A5 >B=0AO 70 8B>H0.  0B> 8B>H0 A5 A?><5=020 =09-=0?@54 2 :@0O =0 XIV AB>;5B85 2 54=0 3@0<>B0 =0 F0@ (8H<0= (<b>2J 8B>H8</b>, `afaYik, Pamtky, 2 vyd.,) 8 2 =0G0;>B> =0 XV 2. C >=AB0=B8= $8;>A>D (<b>?>4J 3>@>N 8B>HTN =0 @cFc A:@c</b>, ;0A=8: 42, AB@. 308). Vitossa C @0=G8G, 1553 3.; C=4C;8G ?8H5 Vitoa (<. @.).]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">.6=8OB A:;>= 5 ?>:@8B A ?;0=8=A:8 ?0A8I0, A525@=8OB A 3>@8, 2 :>8B> A5 2J4OB <=>3> <5G:8. 0 2J@E0 A@54 A:0;8AB> 8 <>GC@;82> @02=8I5 A5 874830 >3@><=0 ?8@0<840;=0 A:0;0. B 2J@E0 A5 28640B : ?@8 ?>;8B5 =0 C60A=0 4J;1>G8=0 3@04JB !>D8O (535 <), ?>-=0B0BJ: 0;:0=JB, :>9B> 5 7=0G8B5;=> ?>-=8AJ: >B 8B>H0, 3@0<04=8B5 A:0;8AB8 :>;>A8 =0 8;0 8 >4>?8B5 8 F5;8OB <0;:> ?>7=0B ;018@8=B 2 F5=BJ@0 =0 ?>;C>AB@>20.  J>1@07O20< A8 25G5  :0720 C5  :0:, :>30B> A5 ?@>:0@0B 65;57=8F8 2 "C@F8O, G;5=>25B5 =0 ;?89A:8O :;C1 8 BJ;?8 BC@8AB8 I5 A5 70?JBOB :J< 8B>H0. "0< I5 8<0 E>B5;, :0:B> =0 838:C;<, 0 ?>-=8A:0</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="39">39</a></b>. >3@5H=> 5 40 A5 ?8H5 C1=8F0 : B>20 8<5 =5 ?@>87;870 >B 4C1, 0 >B AB0@>A;02O=A:>B> 4C?;  ?CAB, 4C?8=0, 4C?:0  ?5I5@0.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="40">40</a></b>. 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OB=> 2@5<5 ?> 2J@E0 A5 B@C?0B G5@=8, <J;=85=>A=8 >1;0F8, :>8B> A5 @07@07O20B A 1C@8 =04 75;5=55I0B0 A5 @02=8=0.  :>30B> 2J@EJB A5 ?>:@85 AJA A=O3, B>3020 =0ABJ?20 78<0 8 AB@0H=8 C@030=8 28;=5OB 2 =878=8B5. <a href="#41">[41]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">564C J;30@A:0 >@020 8 8H020 A5 874830B B@8 28A>:8 ?;0=8=A:8 25@838, >I5 <0;:> ?@>CG5=8; >B 54=0 AB@0=0 B5 A5 4>?8@0B 4> 8B>H0, >B 4@C30 4> ?;0=8=8B5, :>8B> >B820B :J< (0@. %>EI5B5@ 5 =0@e:J; B0O 3@C?0 <i>>@=><8789A:8 ?;0=8=8</i>.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">@09=0B0 87B>G=0 25@830 >1@07C20 548= GC:0@ >B <5;0D8@, <i>N;8=</i>, 8;8 <i>5;8= ?;0=8=0</i>; B>9 =0G520 ?@8 8B>H0 8 2J@28 =0 A525@>70?04 G0: 4> 8@>B 2J2 284 =0 4J;J3 @54 :>=CA>>1@07=8 2J@E>25 8 1;87:> ?@8;5?=0;8 548= 4> 4@C3 GC:0@8. 0 70?04 >BB0< A5 ?@>B0:0 548= 20@>28B GC:0@ >B 0;?89A:8 E0@0:B5@ (54=0 G0AB A5 =0@8G0 <i>0@0<C= ?;0=8=0</i>) AJA AB@J<=8 :>=CA8, ?@>@O70=8 >B AB@0H=> 4828 ?@>;><8, G88B> >B25A=8 AB@0=8 A5 874830B =0 400 < =04 872>@8B5 =0 !C:020, :>OB> A5 2;820 2 8H020.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">"C: 2 54=0 @><0=B8G=0 :>B;>28=0 ;568 3@045FJB "@J= (612 <); =0 A525@>70?04 >B "@J= 54=0 ?;0=8=0 7054=> A >:>;=>AB8B5 A5 =0@8G0 <i>!=53?>;5</i> (1J;30@. !=56=> ?>;5, BC@. A=51>;). <a href="#42">[42]</a> 0B> 2J@28H =0 70?04 >B "@J=, I5 AB83=5H 4> ?;0=8=8B5 <i>;0A8=0</i>, >B <8:0H8AB, ?@8 @. ;0A8=0, :>8B> A5 ?@>B0:0B =0 A525@ >B !B@C<0 G0: 4> 8H 8 A5 A?CI0B :J< >@020 AJA AB@0H=> AB@J<5= A:;>=. <a href="#43">[43]</a> 7@O70=8 =04>;C >B 4828, 3>@8AB8 8 157;5A=8 ?@>;><8, B8O ?;0=8=8 =03>@5 8<0B ?;>A:> ?;5H82> 18;>, ?> :>5B> A5 874830B <=>3>1@>9=8 2J@E>25, 4>AB830I8 4> 190 < 28A>G8=0. "0O ?;0=8=A:0 AB@0=0 5 =0A5;5=0 A 25A5;8, 3>AB>?@85<=8 1J;30@8.  4>;8=8B5 A5 >1@01>B20 F0@528F0 8 :>=>?; =0 28A>G8=0 1250 < A5OB >25A, ?@>A> 8 5G5<8:. > A>G=8B5 0;?89A:8 ;82048 A0 87483=0B8 G8D;8F8 8 ?0A0B 5@35;5B0 :>=5, AB040 3>2540 8 >2F5. <a href="#44">[44]</a> !525@=0B0 G0AB =0 B8O ?;0=8=8 >1@07C20 <i>!CE0 ?;0=8=0</i> ?@8 8H (1250 <) A >3>;5=8, OA=>A828 2J@E>25; 8H020 O @0745;O >B 0;:0=8B5.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">0 70?04 >B ;0A8=0 A5 ?@>B0:0B <=>3>1@>9=8 2J728H5=8O 4> 3>;O<0B0 24;J1=0B8=0, :>OB> AJ548=O20 4>;8=8B5 =0 >@020 8 0@40@. "5 702J@H20B A :>=CA>>1@07=8O C5= (935 <), :>9B> 8<0 ?;>AJ: 2@JE.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="41">41</a></b>. Hochstetter, Das Vitos-Gebiet, AB@. 88.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="42">42</a></b>. [=5?>;L5 : >=AB0=B8= >AB5=5G:8, ;0A=8:, 28, 8 /38G>2>B> 8740=85. Snepoile C C@8?5H8G, 1530. Tomaschek, . Gymn., 1877, AB@. 675, ?@>8725640 8<5B> >B 78=CB8, campus hians].</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="43">43</a></b>. 0 ?>-AB0@8B5 :0@B8 =0 B>20 <OAB> A5 A@5I0 C@15BA:0 ?;0=8=0. ">20 8<5 =5 5 GC 20; =8:>9 >B ?>-=>28B5 ?JB5H5AB25=8F8; B> =02O@=> I5 5 ?@>87;O7;> ?> =54>@07C<5=85 : :C@15B ?> 0;10=A:8 5 GC64; 8 I5 845 :C@15B  =0 GC618=0.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="44">44</a></b>. 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J=>B> =0 4>;8=0B0, =04 :>OB> A5 =0425A20B >B25A=8 ?;0=8=A:8 A:;>=>25, =0 28A>G8=0 ?>25G5 >B 1000 <, 5 ?>:@8B> A 452AB25=0 3>@0 >B 28A>:8 1>@>25, 5;8 8 1C:8. 8;0 AJI> BJ9 8728@0 >B H5AB 575@0, G88B> BJ<=>A8=8 A?>:>9=8 2>48, 70B2>@5=8 A@54 482> >B:J@B5=8 A82>6J;B8 A:0;8AB8 1@53>25, A5 87;820B 2J2 284 =0 HC<=8 2>4>?048 2 BJ<=0B0 3>@A:0 :;8AC@0.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">!<JB=8B5 A2545=8O 70 B8O ?;0=8=A:8 575@0 A0 A;C68;8 :0B> >A=>20 =0 4@52=8B5 8725AB8O 70 A545< 575@0, <a href="#46">[46]</a> ?@57 :>8B> ?@>B8G0 !B@8<>= 1;87> 4> A2>8B5 872>@8. 540;5G >B B0O ?@5:@0A=0 <5AB=>AB, =0 54=0 ?>;O=0 A@54 452AB25=8 3>@8 8 ?;0=8=A:8 <0A8, A5 874830 >3@><=>B> 740=85 =0 AB0@>1J;30@A:8O 8;A:8 <0=0AB8@ (1180 <). JB5H5AB25=8F8B5 B2J@4OB, G5 B0O <5AB=>AB 2 <=>3> >B=>H5=8O =0?><=O >@=8B5 0@?0B8.  157;N4=8B5 >:>;=>AB8 =0 @8;A:8B5 575@0, :>8B> ?@8;8G0B =0  <>@A:8B5 >G8 =0 "0B@0, A5 2J4OB <5G:8 8 @8A>25; ?> 2J@E>25B5 6825OB 4828 :>78; 2 3>@8B5 A5 25ABO20B @>30G8, AJ@=8 8 3;830=8; >@;8 8 ;5H>O4F8 A5 28OB =04 A:0;8AB8B5 7J15@8 =0 2J@E>25B5.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="45">45</a></b>. . Rockstroh, Die Quellseen des Kara Iskra und der Kriva Rjeka im Rilo Dagh, Mit theil. der k. k. geogr. Gesellschaft, XVII, 1874, AB@. 481.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="46">46</a></b>. [!@2. 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N18<0 <5GB0 =0 4>AB>?>GB5=8O 02AB@89A:8 ?JB5H5AB25=8: 5>@3 D>= %0= 15 40 A5 ?@>:0@0 ?> B0O =878=0 54=0 65;57=8F0 >B 5;3@04 70 !>;C=.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="50">50</a></b>. [6. >?8A0=85B> =0 !;0259:>2 2 !?, XV, AB@. 422].</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="51">51</a></b>. 6. AJG8=5=85B> =0 ?>:>9=8O . . @83>@>28G, 182H ?@>D5A>@ ?@8 >2>@CA89A:8O C=825@A8B5B 2 45A0, G5@: CG5=>3> ?CB5H5AB28O ?> 2@>?59A:>9 "C@F88, 070=L, 1848 (0?8A:8 070=, C=82., III), AB@. 142 8 146.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="52">52</a></b>. %C102> >?8A0=85 =0 B>= 26. C Grisebach, I, AB@. 297 4> 345. Fallmerayer, Fragmente aus dem Orient, II, Stuttgart, 1845. M. A. Proust, Voyage au mont Athos, 2 Tour du monde, 1860, AB@. 103, c <=>3> EC1028 @8AC=:8.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="53">53</a></b>.  54=0 3@0<>B0 =0 1J;30@A:8O F0@ >=AB0=B8= A5= (1259 1277)  '@J=>-3>@0 (`afaYik, Pamtky, AB@. 24). '5@=0 3>@0 ?@8 53;83>2> 1469 (Starine =0 03@51A:0B0 0:045<8O, I, AB@. 49; ;0A=8:, 22, AB@. 218).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">53</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">0 70?04 &J@=0 3>@0 5 @0745;5=0 >B (0@ G@57 0G0=8H:8O ?@>E>4, :>9B> AJ548=O20 >A>2> ?>;5 A 0@40@A:0B0 4>;8=0. @57 B>O ?@>E>4 @54>< A =>20B0 65;57=8F0 >B !>;C= 70 >A=0 2>48 AB0@ ?JB A <0;J: BC=5; 8 425 4J@25=8 30;5@88, ?@8:@5?5=8 :J< AB@J<=8B5 A:;>=>25 =04 ?@>?0AB8B5; B>9 5 =0?@025= ?@57 1794 3. >B 548= =0A;54AB25= ?0H0 2 !:>?85. <a href="#54">[54]</a> 0?04=> >B 0G0=8H:8O ?@>E>4 A5 874830 G0: 4> >1;0F8B5 25;8:>;5?=0B0 ?8@0<840 <i>N1>B@J=</i>, =0G0;> =0 <i> (0@</i>.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><i> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">(0@ ?;0=8=0</font></span></i><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> (AJI> 8 (0@0 ?;0=8=0, ?> BC@A:8 (0@403, C 4@52=8B5 Scardus) =5 ?@54AB02;O20 @07:;>=5=8 ?;0=8=8, 0<8 BOA=0 A85@0 A >3>;5= 3@515= >B =57=0G8B5;=0 H8@8=0, A >B45;=> AB>OI8 :>=CA>284=8 2J@E>25. ">9 A5 ?@>AB8@0 >B A525@>87B>: :J< N3>70?04 1;87> 13 <8;8. !:;>=>25B5 <C A0 AB@J<=8, >B A525@=0 AB@0=0 A0 >3>;5=8, 0 >B N6=0 A0 >1@0A;8 A E@0AB0;0F8 8 3>@0; 872>@G5B0B0 <C =0?@>;5B A5 ?@52@JI0B 2 1C9=8 ?>B>F8 8 ?@8G8=O20B 3>;5<8 >?CAB>H5=8O. A25= N1>B@J= B@O120 40 A?><5=5< >I5 A;54=8B5 2J@E>25 : <i>>18;8F0</i>, A:0;8AB0B0 8 ?>:@8B0 AJA A=O3 <i>@82>H8O</i>, (BC@A:8 3@81>N@), <i>010H0=8F0</i> 8 3830=BA:8O <i> >@01</i>. 0 28A>G8=0B0 8< =04 <>@A:>B> @02=8I7 =O<0 B>G=8 40==8; =O:>8 >B BOE =02O@=> =04<8=020B 2500 <. >@01, =04 872>@8B5 =0 C<0 8 048:0, 5 2065= ?;0=8=A:8 2J75;; =0 A525@>70?04, <564C '5@=8 @8= 8 C<0, A5 ?@>B0:0 A:0;8AB8OB 3@515= <i>O;8I5</i> (8;8 /;8F0) 4> A;820=5B> =0 420B0 @8=0; =0 N3>70?04, <564C '5@=8 @8= 8 048:0, <8=020 >1@01>B20=8OB ?>GB8 4> 2J@E0 A8 <i> 5H0B</i>; 704 =53> ?>:@8B8OB A BJ<=8 3>@8 <i>0;8G=8:</i> A5 =0425A20 =04 3@. 51J@; =0 N3 4>@8 4> E@84A:>B> 575@> 2J@28 54=0 3>;O<0 25@830 (A 2J@E>25 0@8G, /<0 8 0@G8=). <a href="#55">[55]</a> @57 AJI8=A:8O (0@ 8<0 A0<> 548= ?@>E>4, 4J;J3 8 G0A0 ?JB; B>9 2>48 >B @87@5= 70 "5B>2> (2080 <). 85 I5 AJ>1I8< =O:>8 ?>4@>1=>AB8 70 B@8B5 2J@E0 =0 (0@.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><i> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">N1>B@J=</font></span></i><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> <a href="#56">[56]</a> (0;10=A:8 N15B5=) >B4>;C 873;5640 :0B> :>;>A0;5=, ?>:@8B AJA 75;5=0 <>@020 A:;>=, =04 :>9B> >B3>@5 A5 =0425A20B 15;8 A:0;8AB8 3@515=8. ">9 A5 AJAB>8 >B <8:0H8AB 8 A8=:02>1O; 20@>28:. 0 =53> G>25: <>65 40 A5 87:0G8 A0<> >B N6=0B0 AB@0=0 ?> 548= B5A5= 3@515=, :>9B> A5 A?CI0 157 2AO:0:28 A:0;8 8 ?@>;><8 <564C AB@0H=8 ?@>?0AB8. @8 ?>4=>685B> A0 @07?>;>65=8 <=>3>1@>9=8 1J;30@A:8 10G88 (<0=4@8), <a href="#57">[57]</a> >E@0=O20=8 >B ?>;C4828 :CG5B0. >4 A525@=8O A:;>= A5 B08 54=> <J=8G:> 575@>, G88B> A0<>B=8 2>48 ?@8 A8;=0 ACH0 A5 >A25I020B >B</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="54">54</a></b>. G. Hahn, Reise von Belgrad nach Salonik, AB@. 112.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="55">55</a></b>. !B. 5@:>28G, ?8A0=85 1KB0 >;30@ =0A5;ONI8E 0:54>=8N, >A:20, 1868, AB@. 6. . Rockstroh, Reisenskizzen aus Dardanien uni Albanien, 1874 (XII Jahresbericht des Vereins fr Erdkunde zu Dresden, 1875). '5H:8 ?@52>4 >B . . @5G5: 2 !25B>7>@, 1876, <09.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="56">56</a></b>. [Nota bene : :0: 3;0A8 8AB8=A:0B0 D>@<0 =0 8<5B>  N1>B@J= 8;8 <>65 18 *N1>B8=? !@2. 0;10=A:>B> 2<J:=0B> @ 2 draskal  q, Kr evo  8G52> 8 B. =.; A@2. 8 2>=8:, BC@. 2>@=8:. Scardo   questo hoggidi si domanda Gljubotin planina . Luccari, Ann. di Rausa, 1605, 55. Gljubotin A5 A@5I0;> >I5 =0 :0@B0B0 2J2 D;>@5=B8=A:8O 25;8:>;5?5= @J:>?8A =0 B>;5<59 >B 15 AB>;5B85. Ljubotin C6 18;0 3@02L>@A:0 3@5H:0 2 02AB@89A:0B0 :0@B0 (0 Griesebach 8 4@C38?). ">20 <8 @07?@028 0B:>28G C /38G =0 19 0?@8; 1897 3. 6. EC1020B0 15;56:0 =0 Bou, Recueil d&#39;itin., 1195 nota!]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="57">57</a></b>. [!@5IC 4C<0B0  1J;30@A:8 <0=4@8 2 ?>;5B> 4>1025=> : q.].</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">54</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> B5B>2A:8B5 ?>?>25 70 87?@>A20=5 =0 4J64; =0 ;8=45= 8 5@3L>245= AJ@18B5, E@8AB8O=8 8 <>E0<540=8, :>;OB B0< >2F5 8 :@J2B0 8< 87?CI0B 2 575@>B>. <a href="#58">[58]</a> >48B5 =0 B>20 ?@>A;025=> A ?@540=8O ?;0=8=A:> 575@> A5 87;820B 2 54=> 45D8;5 ?> ?>A>:0 =0 @87@5=. >A530 =0 N1>B@J= >B 52@>?59A:8B5 ?JB5H5AB25=8F8 A5 5 87:0G8; A0<> @87510E ?@57 1838 3. <a href="#59">[59]</a> 04>;C ?> ?;0=8=0B0 @0AB0B 4J1>28 3>@8, =03>@5 1C:>28, >I5 ?>-=03>@5 0;?89A:0 D;>@0; E2>9=>28 4J@25B0 =O<0; 2J@EJB ?@54AB02;O20 >1@0A=0;> A B@520 @02=8I5, 4 < 4J;3> 8 2 < H8@>:>, =0 :>5B> A5 =0<8@0B 425 3@>1=8F8 AJA 70304JG5= ?@>87E>4. 1H8@=8OB :@J3>7>@, :>9B> A5 >B:@820 >BB0<, >1E20I0 F5;8O (0@ A A:>;> 8 A=56=8 2J@E0, 2 1@>O =0 :>8B> 2;870 =0 ?>A;545= ?;0= :>;>A0;=8OB >@01, ?>-=0B0BJ: ?;0=8=A:8B5 <0A8 =0 !525@=0 ;10=8O, A;54 B>20 2 157:@09=0 40;5G8=0 425B5 @02=8=8 >A>2> ?>;5 8 5B>E8O, @0745;5=8 G@57 548= GC:0@,:>9B> 2J@28 =0 A525@ >B N1>B@J= 8 702J@H20 A 157;5A=8O, >1@0AJ; A0<> A B@520 :>=CA>>1@075= >;5H (900 <). >-=0B0BJ: A5 28640B : 3@. @8I8=0, >?0>=8: AJA A@J1A:8B5 ?;0=8=8, >@02A:0B0 >1;0AB, 0@0403, ;0A8=A:0B0 ?;0=8=A:0 AB@0=0, 5@8AB5@. @8 ?>;8B5 ] =0 N3 A5 28640 ?@5:@0A=0B0 :>B;>28=0 =0 >@=8O 0@40@. @04>25B5 @87@5= 8 0G0=8: >AB020B A:@8B8.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">@87510E A5 5 87:0G8; 8 =0 <i>>18;8F0</i>, <a href="#60">[60]</a> AB@J<5=, 4>ACI 3;04J:, ?@028;5= :>=CA, 4> 2J@E0 A8 ?>:@8B AJA 75;5=0 <>@020. @J3>7>@JB >B =59=8O 2@JE, 0:> 8 40 >1E20I0 25;8G5AB25= ?;0=8=A:8 ;0=4H0DB, => =5 5 BJ9 3>;O<, :0:B> >B 2J@E0 =0 N1>B@J=, ?>=565 >:>;=8B5 2J@E>25 3> >3@0=8G020B.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><i> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">>@01</font></span></i><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> (0;10=F8B5 8 1J;30@8B5 :0720B AJI> 8 <i>>@:</i>), 3@0<04=0 4>;><8B=0 >AB@>2J@E0 ?;0=8=0 A O@J: A82>6J;B F2OB, 702J@H20 A B@8 2J@E0, =09-28A>:8OB >B :>8B> A5 874830 :0B> 7015;568B5;=> AB@J<=0 8 >AB@0 83;0. B 70?04=0 AB@0=0 ?;0=8=0B0 ?@028 =08AB8=0 A8;=> 2?5G0B;5=85. > =09-28A>:8O ] :@09 B@O120 40 A5 ?J;78 FO; GOA. !0<> <0;F8=0 A0 1820;8 =0 2J@E0; 0 >B CG5=8B5 ?JB5H5AB25=8F8 =8:>9 =5 5 18; 8 ?@8 ?>;8B5 =0 ?;0=8=0B0. > =8A:8B5 A:;>=>25 B0< @0AB0B 452AB25=8 3>@8; ?> 28A>G8=8B5 ?0A0B AB040 >B AJ@=8, :>8B> =0 =54>ABJ?=8O :>;>A A5 =0<8@0B 2 ?J;=0 157>?0A=>AB >B =0?045=8O =0 E>@0 8 3@01;828 725@>25. <a href="#61">[61]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><b> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">8. ;0=8=A:0B0 AB@0=0 =0 0?04=0 0:54>=8O</font></span></b></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">0 CAB@>9AB2>B> =0 ?>2J@E=>ABB0 =0 0?04=0 0:54>=8O @87510E 5 87:070; 548= 2J73;54, :>9B>, <0:0@ G5 =5 <>65 40 A5 A<OB0 70 =0?J;=> 25@5=, ?@8 2A5 B>20 A8 >AB020 B2J@45 >AB@>C<5=. <a href="#62">[62]</a> 0B> 206=0</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="58">58</a></b>. . !. 8;>X528', CB>?8A 45;0 @025 !B0@5 !@18X5, 5>3@04, 1871, I, AB@. 181.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="59">59</a></b>. Grisebach, II, AB@. 270 A;. ">9 >?@545;O 28A>G8=0B0 =0 7900 DCB0 [2260 <]. C5 O ?@5A<OB0 =0 6400 DCB0 (>:>;> 2560 <). 7<5@5=8OB0 =0 @87510E G5AB> ?JB8 A0 =5704>2>;8B5;=8, ?>=565, :0B> 873C18; 10@><5BJ@0 A8, B>9 B@O120;> 40 A5 >3@0=8G8 70 60;>AB A0<> A >?@545;O=5 B>G:0B0 =0 :8?5=5B>.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="60">60</a></b>. !?>@54 @87510E  7076 DCB0; A?>@54 C5, Itinraires, I, AB@. 308 7389 DCB0 [2020 <].</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="61">61</a></b>. G. Hahn, Reise durch die Gebiete des Drin und Vardar, Wien, 1869, AB@. 87, 226.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="62">62</a></b>. Grisebach, II, AB@. 125 A;.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">55</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> >A>15=>AB =0 B0O ?;0=8=A:0 AB@0=0 B>9 =0<8@0 G5B8@8B5 :@J3;8 :>B;>28=8, :>8B> ;560B ?@8 87B>G=8O A:;>= =0 (0@ 8 8=4.  >A>15=>ABB0 =0 B8O :>B;>28=8 A5 AJAB>8 2 B>20, G5 2AO:0 >B BOE 5 >18:>;5=0 A ?;0=8=A:0 25@830 8 5 =0?>5=0 >B @5:0, :>OB> 8728@0 87 54=0 >B 425B5 3;02=8 ?;0=8= A:8 25@838 8 B5G5 87 :>B;>28=0B0 ?@57 4J;1>:8 B5A=8=8 =0 87B>:. "8O :> B;>-28=8 A0 A;54=8B5 : <J=8G:0B0 :@J3;0 :>B;>28=0 =0 "5B>2> ?@8 872>@8B5 =0 0@40@, 3>;O<0B0 4>;8=0 =0 '5@=0 A 3@04>25B5 @8;5? 8 8B>;O, :>B;>28=0B0 @525=> ?@8 8AB@8F0 (Haliakmon) 8 3>;O<0B0 @02=8=0 =0 "5A0;8O AJA !0;0<1@8O (Peneios). [0 :>B;>28=0B0 =0 "@5A:0 @87510E ?8H5 4>AB0 OA=>]. <a href="#63">[63]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">!@5IC N1>B@J= A5 874830 54=0 ?;0=8=A:0 25@8304>OB> 2J@28 ?>25G5B> 2 N3>87B>G=0 ?>A>:0, <564C 0@40@ 8 A?><5=0B0B0 3>@=0 :>B;>28=0. 48= >B 2J@E>25B5 =0 B0O 25@830 ?@8 !:>?85 A5 =0@8G0 <i>0@H80:</i>; ?>-=0B0BJ: A;5420 <i>01C=0</i> <a href="#64">[64]</a> AJA A828 A;N45=8 A:;>=>25 8 7=0G8B5;=8 :>=CA8 8 2J@E>25. 564C ?@8B>F8B5 =0 0@40@ A5 ?@>AB8@0B AB@0=8G=8B5 :;>=>25 =0 B0O 25@830  <i>!0;:>20</i>, <i>>;5H=8F0</i> 8 <i>;51</i>. B 3@. @8;5? (624 <) ?@5:@0A5= ?JB 2>48 ?> 548= 28A>: 108@ (1105 <) ?@57 01C=0 70 5;5A =0 0@40@ (170 <). >-=0B0BJ: =0 N3 ?;0=8=A:0B0 25@830 A5 ?@5:JA20 >B '5@=0.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">.6=> >B 4J;3>B> 45D8;5 =0 '5@=0, :>5B> :@85 <5AB=>ABB0 <i>>@8E>2></i>, A5 874830 25;8G5AB25=8OB <i>8465</i> 8;8 <i>8F0</i> (1950 <), ?> BC@A:8 <i>09<0:G0;0=</i> (09<0G5= 2@JE), :>9B> A5 AJAB>8 >B <@0<>@ 8 <8:0H8AB 8 8<0 15;>A=56=8 @07:;>=5=8O, G5AB> =08AB8=0 ?>:@8B8 AJA A=O3. <a href="#65">[65]</a> B AB@J<=8O 2@JE A5 >B:@820 873;54 :J< 0?04=0 0:54>=8O, 28640B A5 75;5=8B5, =02@54 >1@01>B5=8 157;5A=8 ?>;5B0 2 :>B;>28=0B0 =0 8B>;O 8 @8;5?, 87?JAB@5=0 AJA 170 A5;0; =0 70?04=8O ?;0= A5 ?>4020B 25;8G5AB25=8OB 5@8AB5@ 8 2J@E>25B5 =0 A=53>?>:@8B8O (0@. BBC: G>25: <>65 40 AJ7@5 >1;0ABB0 =0 0AB>@8O, AB@>2A:>B> 575@>, 0@40@A:0B0 4>;8=0 8 ?;0=8=A:0B0 <5AB=>AB =0 J3;5=. @8 8465 5 3@0=8F0B0 =0 25G=>75;5=0B0 @0AB8B5;=>AB, :>OB> BJ9 @07:>H=> 28@55 ?> <0:54>=A:8B5 :@091@568O; ?@8 70?04=8B5 ?>;8 =0 ?;0=8=0B0 2 4>;8=0B0 =0 '5@=0 =O<0 =8B> ?;0B0=8, =8B> :8?0@8A8.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> !525@>87B>G=> >B 8465 4> 0@40@A:8B5 B5A=8=8 ?@5<8=020 548= AB@J<5= 8 =07J15= :0B> ?8;0 3@515=, =0 :>9B> A5 874830 >B25A=0B0 AB5=0 <i>>6CE</i> (>6>2) ?;0=8=0; 702J@H20 B>9 A :@0A828O <i>0O:</i>. ">O GC:0@ >13@JI0 >B A525@ 8 >B 87B>: 8=B5@5A=0B0 <J=8G:0 <5AB=>AB <i>J3;5=0</i> (:0720B >I5 53;8=, BC@. 0@046>20), @0745;5=0 >B:J< N3 >B :@091@56=0B0 =878=0 G@57 @548F0 EJ;<>25. J3;5=0, =O:>30 >?0A5= 25@B5? =0 @071>9=8F8, 4>?@548 20 3>48=8 5 18;0, AJI> :0:B> 8 51J@ (81@0), AJ2A5< =54>ABJ?=0 8 =5?>7=0B0. "C: 2 54 A5;0 6825OB 1J;30@8, :CF>2;0A8 8 BC@F8, ?>GB8 2A8G:8 D0=0B8G=8 <>E0<540=8. ;>4>@>485B> =0 ?>G20B0 5 =5>>18:=>25=>; <=>3> ?>;5B0 4020B ?> B@8 6JB28 =0 3>48=0B0. A25= >G0@>20B5;=> <5AB>?>;>65=85 BC: 8<0 ?@8OB5= G8AB ?;0=8=A:8 2J74CE. 57-</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="63">63</a></b>. [Grisebach, II, AB@. 243, ?8H5 4>AB0 OA=>].</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="64">64</a></b>. 0 ?@>87E>40 =0 8<5B> 26. 3;. XIII.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="65">65</a></b>. Grisebach, II, AB@. 144.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="2">56</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">1@>9=8 2048 >1@07C20B ?>B>F8; B5 A5 AJ548=O20B A J3;5=8F0, :>OB> A5 2;820 2 >;C459.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">.6=> >B 8465 2 54=0 H8@>:0 :>B;>28=0 ;568 <i>AB@>2A:>B> 575@></i> (390 <), >B 2A8G:8 AB@0=8 703@045=> A ?;0=8=8, 157 2848< >BB>:. 0 =53>28O 87B>G5= 1@O3 AB>8 >AB@>2J@E0B0 ?;0=8=0 <i>"C@;0</i>, ?@8 G88B> ?>;8 5 @07?>;>65= 2 :@091@56=0B0 @02=8=0 3@. <i>53CH</i> (8;8 O3CH); <a href="#66">[66]</a> =01;87> 5 28A>:0B0 ?;0=8=0 <i>>:A0</i>. B 70?04=0B0 AB@0=0 =0 575@>B> 70?>G20 548= ?;0=8=A:8 GC:0@, :>9B> :0B> 4J30 >13@JI0 >B 70?04 8B>;A:0B0 :>B;>28=0 8 =O<0 >1I> 8<5; A0<> N6=0B0 <C G0AB A5 =0@8G0 <i>5@5G:0 ?;0=8=0</i>. ">20 5 28A>:, AB@J<5= 8 ?;5H82 3@515=, G88B> 2J@E>25 <0;:> A5 874830B =04 18;>B>; =53>28B5 4>;8=8 8 :;8AC@8 A0 =0A5;5=8 ?>GB8 87:;NG8B5;=> A :CF>2;0A8. 564C 8B>;O 8 @5A?0=A:>B> 575@> A5 874830 B@82J@E8OB 25;8:0= <i>5@8AB5@</i>, ?> 0;10=A:8 <i>C@5=</i> (2350 <), :>9B> A5 AJAB>8 >B 3@0=8B 8 <8:0H8AB. <a href="#67"> [67]</a> 57:@05= 3JAB0;0: >B ?0?@0B8, :>9B> >B40;5G ?@8OB=> A5 75;5=55, 0 >B1;87> 5 <@0G5= 8 ?CAB8=5=, ?>:@820 =53>28B5 A:;>=>25; BC:-B0< A0 @07E2J@;O=8 ?0A8I0. 0 2J@E0 ?J: G>25: <>65 40 =0<5@8 0;?89A:0 D;>@0 8 A=O3 4>@8 ?@57 ;OB>B>. B 54=0 =0?@5G=0 4>;8=0 =0 87B>G=8O A:;>= 8728@0 @03>@, =04 :>9B> A5 =0<8@0 2;0H:>B> A5;> 030@52>, 0 ?>-=04>;C ?@8 A0<8B5 ?>;8 =0 ?;0=8=0B0  3>;5<8OB 3@04 8B>;O, 8;8 ">;8 <0=0AB8@ (595 <). > ?JBO 70 2J@E0 B@O120 G>25: 40 A5 ?@><J:20 ?@57 <0A0 3@0=8B=8 1;>:>25; >B3>@5 A5 28640, >B 54=0 AB@0=0, FO;0B0 18B>;A:0 :>B;>28=0, >B 4@C30, <5AB=>ABB0 @5A?0 A 575@>B>; 2 40;5G8=8B5 A5 28640B (0@A:0B0 25@830, 01C=0, 8465, "C@;0, ;8<? 8 8=4. <a href="#68"> [68]</a> !525@=> >B 5@8AB5@ 8<0 ?@>E>4, :>9B> 2>48 >B 8B>;O 70 @5A?0. >-=0B0BJ: =0 A525@ A5 ?@>AB8@0 =8A:0 25@830 (300 < =04 :>B;>28=0B0) 4> 01C=0. >B;>28=8B5 =0 @8;5? 8 8B>;O A5 @0745;OB A0<> G@57 =57=0G8B5;=8 EJ;<>25.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">0 A525@ >B 575@0B0 E@84A:> 8 @5A?0=A:> A5 ?@>AB8@0 >B 54=0 AB@0=0 :J< (0@, >B 4@C30 :J< 5@8AB5@ 54=0 <0;:> ?>7=0B0 3>@8AB0 ?;0=8=A:0 AB@0=0. 75@0B0 A0 @0745;5=8 G@57 28A>:8 >3>;5=8 20@>28B8 ?;0=8=8 A 2@JE <i>0;8G8F0</i>. >;5<8B5 ?;0=8=8, :>8B> A5 =0<8@0B N6=> >B 425B5 575@0, A5 @0745;OB >B 8=4 G@57 0=3>=A:8O ?@>E>4, ?@57 :>9B> ?@>B8G0 52>;.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> >B;>28=0B0 =0 8AB@8F0 A5 45;8 =0 A525@ >B 4>;8=0B0 =0 '5@=0 G@57 GC:0@0 5@8AB5@, 0 =0 N3 >B "5A0;8O G@57 ?;0=8=8B5, >18:=>25=> =0@8G0=8 A 4@52=>B> 8<5 <i>0<1C=A:8</i> ?;0=8=8, :>8B> 702J@H20B A <i>;8<?</i> (2973 <).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="66">66</a></b>. 0 :0@B8B5 Njagusta, Njusta.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="67">67</a></b>. J@2> A?><5=020=5 70 5@8AB5@ =0<5@8E 2 70?8A:8B5 =0 0;10=A:8O :=O7 >0= CA0:8 (1510) :  in un loco, nomine la montagna de Peristeri 5 li ve una fontana nominata Dobrida 5 la se devide l&#39;Albania dalla Bulgaria . Rad jugoslavenske Akademije, 1868, V, AB@. 174.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="68">68</a></b>. 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B =5O 4> <>@5B> ?@5<8=020B <=>3>1@>9=8 =53>AB>?@85<=8 @07:;>=5=8O, <564C :>8B> A8 >B20@OB ?JB 2 :@091@56=0B0 @02=8=0 @5:8B5 (:C<10, @75=, H<8, 0B8 8 4@. > B8O =5?@8ABJ?=8 A:0;8 6825OB ?>;C4828B5 =57028A8<8 0;10=A:8 ?;5<5=0  4C:0468=8, <8@48B8 8 <0BO=8. !525@=0B0 G0AB =0 3;02=8O 3@515= 5 ?>:@8B0 A 452AB25=8 3>@8, :>8B> A5 ?@>AB8@0B =O:>;:> 4=8 ?JB; 4>;C A0 4J1>28, ?>-=03>@5  1C:>28, 0 ?> 28A>G8=8B5  1>@>28 8 5;>28. 4=0 G0AB >B 3@515=0 <564C <5AB=>ABB0 0BO 8 '5@=8 @8= ?@54AB02;O20 AB@J<=0, ;8H5=0 >B @0AB8B5;=>AB A:0;8AB0 AB5=0 A 25;8G5AB25=> 87@O70=8 :>=BC@8 (4> 1300 <) 8 A5 =0@8G0 ?> 0;10=A:8 <i>0;8A8</i> ('5@=0 ?;0=8=0).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> J;1>:8OB ?@>;>< =0 AJ548=5=8O @8= @0745;O B0O ?;0=8=A:0 AB@0=0 >B 3@0<04=8O 0;?89A:8 ?;0=8=A:8 2J75;, :>9B> A5 =0<8@0 <564C @02=8=0B0 !:CB0@8 (?> 0;10=A:8 (E>4@0) 8 5B>E8O 8 >B =O:>8 A5 =0@8G0 <i>;10=A:8 ;?8 </i>(C 4@52=8B5 Bertiscus). >25G5B> 2J@E>25 =0 B>O <0;:> 8725AB5= ?;0=8=A:8 GC:0@ A0 4>ACI =54>ABJ?=8 8 >B 3>;O<0 28A>G8=0 (8A8B>@, ;51, @>:;5B8O 8 4@.). 04 <OAB>B>, 45B> A5 A;820B 420B0 @8=0, A5 874830 ?>;530B, >1@0A=0; A 3>@0 :>=CA  <i> 8I@8:</i>. >9B> ?JBC20 >B @87@5= 70 (:>4@0, 28640 >B 4OA=0B0 A8 AB@0=0, 704 1574J==8O ?@>;>< =0 @8=, 548= 25;8G5AB25= @54 >B >:>;> 50 O@:>A25B;8 83;>284=8 2J@E>25, :>8B> >BG0AB8 A5 AJAB>OB >B 15;>A=565= 20@>28:, >BG0AB8 =08AB8=0 A0 ?>:@8B8 AJA A=O3 8 4>@8 AJ4J@60B ;54=8F8 2 A2>8B5 ?C:=0B8=8. 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