<html> <head> <meta name="GENERATOR" content="Microsoft FrontPage 5.0"> <meta name="ProgId" content="FrontPage.Editor.Document"> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=unicode"> <title>. @5G5: - AB>@8O =0 1J;30@8B5 - 18</title> <style> <!-- p.MsoPlainText {margin-bottom:.0001pt; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Courier New"; margin-left:0pt; margin-right:0pt; margin-top:0pt} --> </style> </head> <body> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype; font-weight: 700"> <font size="4">AB>@8O =0 1J;30@8B5</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype; font-weight: 700"> <font size="3">>=AB0=B8= @5G5:</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText">&nbsp;</p> <blockquote> <p class="MsoPlainText"><b> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3"> XVIII. @0640=A:8 2>9=8. &0@ >=AB0=B8= A5=. #7C@?0B>@JB 209;>. 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JAB0=85.  #?@02;5=85 8 A<J@B =0 C7C@?0B>@0 F0@ 209;> (0E0=0) (1277 1279 3.).  870=B89A:8OB ?@5B5=45=B 20= A5= III.  5>@38 "5@B5@89 (1280 1292 3.)  >A=>20B5; =0 =>20 48=0AB8O.  0E;C20=5 =0 E0= >309.  &0@ !<8;5F, B0B0@A:8 20A0;.  %0= '>:8.  !25B>A;02, >A2>1>48B5; =0 >B5G5AB2>B> (1294 3.)</font></span></i></p> </blockquote> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">!;54 A<J@BB0 =0 0;8<0= II 1>;O@8B5 A5 AJ1@0;8 =0 AJ1>@, 70 40 8715@0B =>2 F0@. 71>@JB ?04=0; 2J@EC AJ@18=0 >=AB0=B8=  A8= =0 "8E 8 2=C: =0 !B5D0= 5<0=O, <a href="#1">[1]</a> E@01J@ 8 C<5= G>25:, G88B> =0A;54AB25=8 2;045=8O A5 =0<8@0;8 1;87> 4> !>D8O, 2 ?>4=>685B> =0 8B>H0. 0 40 70?078 =0A;54AB25=>B> A8 ?@02>, B>9 A5 >65=8; 70 4JI5@OB0 =0 8<?5@0B>@ "5>4>@ 0A:0@8A, 2=CG:0B0 =0 A5= II, 8 ?@85; 8<5B> >=AB0=B8= A5=. <a href="#2">[2]</a> J@20B0 A8 65=0, A :>OB> A5 @0725;, 87?@0B8; 2 8:5O :0B></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="1">1</a></b>.  !2. !8<5>= 5<0=O, <>OB 4O4> , :0720 B>9 2 54=0 3@0<>B0. `afaYik, Pam., AB@. 23  0;>O= A520AB>:@0B>@, 1@0B>2G54 =0 F0@O, 2=C: =0 A2. !B5D0=, :@0;O =0 AJ@18B5 G5B5< 2 548= =04?8A >B 1259 3. 2 >O=0 ?>4 8B>H0 (;0A=8:, VII, AB@. 189). O<0 AJ<=5=85, G5 B>20 @>4AB2> 5 18;> ?> 65=A:0 ;8=8O [?@02=C:?  ">EC. ;0A (!@?A:5 :@0Y. 0:045<8X5), II. 0A?@020 > >=AB0=B8=C "5EC. 0?8A0> . !. !@5[:>28[, 5>3@04, 1888. 90 AB@. 1) =A15@B>28OB ">EC = "8E><8; =0 @18=8 = !B5D0= J@2>25=G0=8; 2) Toxy = , , 10I0 =0 >=AB0=B8=; 3) ;048A;02>2>B> :0;5=40@=> 8<5 5 >=AB0=B8=. Ergo 1J;30@A:8OB F0@ >=AB0=B8= = 182H8O A@J1A:8 :@0; ;048A;02!!!  ">EC, A8= =0 <i>8@>A;02</i> %;J<A:8 A?>@54 20@80=B8B5 =0 @J:>?8A0 =0 =A15@B, =0<5@5= 2 I8@A:8 3@045F 2 1891 3. 6. <>O 5:75<?;O@ =0 =A15@B.  Nota bene ">EC, A8= =0 5<0=O, C =A15@B? J@EC B>20 02;>28G 8 C20@0F.  J@EC F5;8O 2J?@>A 70 B>78 ">EC : . @5G5:, ">Y5= A8= :=570 8@>A;020 EC<A:>3, 5>3@04, 1892. ;0A A@?. 0:04., XXXV, 5>3@04, 1892.  , , 5 A0<> <i>"8EJ</i>. Pachymeres, Mich. Pal., I, 5, A0@. 5 : .  s  <b>!w</b> x s . <0 ;8 ?@8<5@8, >B :>8B> 40 ?@>;8G020 A<8AJ;JB =0 B>20 !w? !0<> ?> <i>65=A:0</i> ;8=8O?  !. "010:>2, 5;56:8 70 .3>87B>G=0 J;30@8O ?@57 5?>E0B0 =0 "5@B5@>2F8, 5@. A?8A, 1908, A2. 7 8, AB@. 620 632. 5F5=78O >B . 8:>2 2 5@. A?8A, LXII, A2. 7 8, 1909, AB@. 563 688.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <font size="3"><span style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <b><a name="2">2</a></b>. </span> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> >=AB0=B8= A5= 8 2 420B0 F8B8@0=8 =04?8A0. [0 65=8B10B0 =0 >=AB0=B8= A5= A</span><span style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> </span></font> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">4JI5@OB0 =0 8<?. "5>4. 0A:0@8A : nota bene : A20B10B0 5 AB0=0;0 ?@57 =53>2> 2@5<5, (?>G. 2 1258 3.). @8=0 A5 A@5I0 >I5 2 >O=A:8O =04?8A (1258/9 3.).]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">316</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">70;>3 70 <8@, 2 :>5B> A?>@54 2870=B89A:0B0 =@02AB25=>AB =8:>9 =5 <>60; 40 =0<5@8 =8I> 70 C:>@. <a href="#3">[3]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">564C B>20 =8:59A:0B0 8<?5@8O, <0:0@ >B 3>48=0 =0 3>48=0 40 AB020;0 2A5 ?>-A8;=0, 18;0 ?@8=C45=0 40 2>48 :@J2>?@>;8B=8 2>9=8 A 5?8@F8B5. 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Myltza, ut dicetur, dedente. ]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="4">4</a></b>. [!@?A:8 A?><5=8F8, III, AB@. 12.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="5">5</a></b>. Fallmerayer, Gesch. von >350, II, AB@. 11 8 A;.; Hopf, AB@. 283.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">317</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">A8= <i>>0= IV</i>, HC@59 =0 =>28O 1J;30@A:8 F0@, => A0<> A;54 54=0 3>48=0 B>20 <><G5 18;> A20;5=> >B ?@5AB>;0 8 >A;5?5=> >B 8E08; VIII  ?J@28OB 0;5>;>3. =5@38G=8OB C7C@?0B>@ 254=030 2;O7J; 2 ?@8OB5;A:8 2@J7:8 A 1J;30@8B5; :@>?>;8B >:>;> >;540 1260 3. A5 O2O20 2 "J@=>2> 8 1820 =09-1;OA:02> B0< ?@85B. <a href="#6">[6]</a> 0 A;54=0B0 3>48=0 A5 87?J;=8;> 8 7025B=>B> 65;0=85 =0 =8:59A:8B5 2870=B89F8. 0 25 N=8 1261 3. 2>5=0G0;=8:JB ;5:A89 5;8A5= !B@0B53>?C; =5>G0:20=> ?@5275; 8 70275; 157 :@J2 &0@83@04, 0 0;4C8= II 871O320 2 215O. <a href="#7">[7]</a> B B>20 2@5<5 D@0=:A:8B5 65;57=8 @8F0@8 87G5720B 25G5 >B B@0:89A:8B5 @02=8=8, => A?><5=JB 70 BOE 8 4>A530 5 682 2 ?@8:07:8B5 =0 1J;30@A:8O =0@>4.  4>A530 >I5 B>9 @07:0720 70  ;0B8=8B5 -8A?>;8=8, B@8 ?JB8 ?>-3>;5<8 >B >18:=>25=8B5 A<J@B=8.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">@57 ?J@28B5 3>48=8 >B F0@C20=5B> A8 F0@ >=AB0=B8= B@O120;> 40 =0A>G8 FO;>B> A8 2=8<0=85 :J< A525@. "0< 2A5 >I5 =5 A?8@0;8 ?@>4J;68B5;=8B5 2>9=8 A <0460@8B5. I5 2 1260 3., ?@57 :>OB> <0460@8B5 2>N20;8 A G5H:8O :@0; H5<8A; B>:0@ II, 1J;30@8B5 =0?040B !525@8=A:8O 0=0B, => 18;8 @0718B8 >B <038ABJ@ 02@5=B89 8 ;8H5=8 >B ?;OG:0B0. 0 40 2=CH8 AB@0E, ?>1548B5;OB 70?>2O40; 40 1J45 8715A5=0 G0AB >B ?;5==8F8B5 ?> ?@>4J;65=85B> =0 4C=02A:8O 1@O3. <a href="#8">[8]</a> 564C 1260 8 1264 3. :=O7 !B5D0=, :><CB> 18;> ?>25@5=> 40 C?@02;O20 !54<83@04A:>, ?@54?@85; ?@>B82 1J;30@8B5 ?5B ?>E>40, 420 >B :>8B> 18;8 ?>4 =53>2> ;8G=> =0G0;AB2>, 8 CA?O; 40 ?@5275<5 48=. >4 =0G0;AB2>B> =0 <038ABJ@ 38489 <0460@8B5 AB83=0;8 4>@8 4> AB5=8B5 =0 "J@=>2>. <a href="#9">[9]</a> ">3020 !B5D0= >@30=878@0; 8 548= ?>E>4  contra Paleologum imperatorem graecorum ,</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="6">6</a></b>. Acropolita, 3;. 84.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="7">7</a></b>. [@0<>B8B5 =0 0;4C8= II A0 871@>5=8 2 Archives Nationales, Arch. de l Or. lat., II, AB@. 199 : ?>7=0B8 >B Du Cange.  Huber, Archiv f. st. Gesch., Bd. 66, 1 :  Ende der Regierung Belas IV unternahmen theils sein Sohn Stephan, der neben ihm den Osten des Reiches verwaltete, theils andere Fhrer mehrere glckliche Feldzge nach <i>Bulgarien</i>, wo unter anderen Stdten <i> Widdin</i> von den Ungarn genommen wird, so dass Stephan V nach seinem Regierungsantritte im J. 1270 fr berechtigt nlt den Titel eines<i> Knigs von Bulgarien</i> anzunehmen.  "8B;0B0 =0 :@0O. . . Cumanie<i> Bulgarieque rex</i>.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="8">8</a></b>. @0<>B0 C Fjer, IV, 2, AB@. 60, 199.  [<i>N;0 0C;5@</i> 70 1J;30@A:8B5 2>9=8 =0 !B5D0= V 2 !1>@=8: =0@>4=8 C<>B2>@5=8O, VII, 1892 (;>H ?@52>4 >B C=30@A:8, <i>!525@8=</i> 2AO:>30 5 ?@54045=> :0B> <i>!B@5<</i>!) : 2 1259 3. 2>9=0 2 J;30@8O.  1260 3. 02@5=B89 ?@>3>=8; 1J;30@8B5 >B !525@8=.  1261 3. A8=JB =0 5;0 IV !B5D0= 70 ?@J2 ?JB ?>B53;8; A@5IC 1J;30@8B5, 2>N20; ?@8 848= 8 ><. :>;> 1261 1262 3. <i> >AB8A;02</i> C<@O;, :0B> >AB028; =52@JAB=8 A8=>25 8E08; 8 5;0. 8E08; 2 >A=0, 5;0 2 0G20. 5A?>B <i>!25B>A;02</i>, >B @CA:8 ?@>87E>4, >G5284=> @>4=8=0 =0 >AB8A;02, 2>N20; A 2>9A:8B5 =0 8E08; <i> 0;5>;>3</i>, AJN7=8: =0 >=AB0=B8=, A <i>C=30@A:0</i> ?><>I (0C;5@, AB@. 436 : 1263 3.) >B !54<83@04A:>. JB@5H=8 @07<8@8F8 2 #=30@8O, !25B>A;02 A:;NG8; <8@ A ?@>B82=8F8B5 A8. 10G5 A;54 B>20 ?0: A5 >?J;G8; A@5IC C=30@F8B5, >?CAB>H8; !525@8=A:8O 0=0B. ">3020 !B5D0= V <i>?>2B>@=></i> =0E;C; 2 J;30@8O, 4> <i> ;5C=</i> A?>@54 3@0<>B0B0 >B 1266 3., 4045=0 ?>4 >4>=8 (Bodony = J4K=L, 848=); B>3020 <038ABJ@ 38489 ?@>=8:=0; G0: 4> "J@=>2>. (38489 ?@>GCB0 ;8G=>AB 2 B>3020H=0B0 8AB>@8O, 26. G5H:>-C=30@A:8B5 >B=>H5=8O).  Nota bene 8 >B=>H5=8O. Pachym., Mich., IV, A0@. 27. =4@>=8:, A8= =0 8E08;, A5 >65=8; 70 54=0 4JI5@O =0 !B5D0= V 8 =0 54=0 :C<0=:0 (:>30?). @0B5=8F8B5 2 #=30@8O, AB0@8OB mega dux 0A:0@8A 8 5:A?0B@80@EJB 5@<0= 4>25;8 EC1020B0 <i>=0</i>.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="9">9</a></b>. !2545=8OB0 70 B>20 A0 >3@0=8G5=8. 09-<=>3> 8<0 2 3@0<>B0B0 =0 !B5D0= >B 1270 3. Fejer, IV, 2, AB@. 54. Usque ad castrum Turnow, ?0: B0<, IV, 2, AB@. 525. 0 ?@5275<0=5B> =0 48= A?><5=020 Thurocz (Schwandtner, Script. rer. hung., I, AB@. 188).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">318</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">?>4@>1=>AB8B5 =0 :>9B> ?>E>4 A0 =58725AB=8, => 2 @57C;B0B =0 :>9B> 18;8 >?CAB>H5=8 <=>3> 2870=B89A:8 >1;0AB8. <a href="#10">[10]</a> 0B> 70275; :@0;A:8O ?@5AB>; (1270 3.), B>9 ?>AB>O==> A5 =0@8G0;  rex Bulgariae  B8B;0, :>OB> 8 =53>28OB 10I0 5;0 IV 5 C?>B@51O20;, A0<> =5 BJ9 G5AB>. <a href="#11">[11]</a> BB>3020 2>4OB =0G0;>B> ?>-A5B=5H=8B5 ?@5B5=F88 =0 <0460@A:0B0 :>@>=0 2J@EC J;30@8O.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">0 N3 2J@2O;0 AJI> A5@8>7=0 1>@10. > 2=CH5=85B> =0 F0@8F0 @8=0, 4J;1>:> =5=028640I0 8E08; VIII, 345B> ?> ?@5ABJ?5= =0G8= 15 >B=5; ?@5AB>;0 =0 1@0B ] >0= IV, >=AB0=B8= >1O28; 2>9=0 =0 8<?5@0B>@0, => BO A2J@H8;0 157CA?5H=> 70 =53>. ">:C ?@548 B>20 B>9 702;04O; 3>;O<0 G0AB >B "@0:8O 8 0:54>=8O, 2 ?>A;54=0B0 3;02=> !:>?85, >@5G5=A:0B0 >1;0AB, >;>30 8 >:>;=>AB8B5 =0 @8;5?, <a href="#12">[12]</a> 0 A530 18; ?@8=C45= 40 >BABJ?8 =0 2870=B89F8B5 =5 A0<> ;>2482 8 !B0=8<0:0, => 8 206=8B5 3@04>25 5A5<2@8O 8 =E80;>. 1845= 8 =54>2>;5= >B B>20, >=AB0=B8= A5 AJN78; AJA A5;46C:A:8O AC;B0= 7548=, =0<8@0I A5 2 =>A ?@8 CAB85B> =0 0@8F0, 8 4065 A B0B0@8B5 >B .6=0 CA8O, :>8B> (1265 3.) BJ9 >?CAB>H8;8 "@0:8O, G5, :0:B> @07?@02OB, 4J;3> A;54 B>20 75<545;5F =5 A5 5 <O@:0; ?> ?>;5B>. <a href="#13">[13]</a> J;30@A:>B> F0@AB2> B>3020 >:>=G0B5;=> A5 ;8H8;> >B <0:54>=A:8B5 A8 >1;0AB8. I5 >B :@0O =0 XII 2. 2 0:54>=8O ?>@54 3>A-</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="10">10</a></b>. Fejer, IV, 2, AB@. 344, 469; 3, AB@. 54, [468.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="11">11</a></b>. 6. AB@. 301, 1260 (Fejer, IV, 2, AB@. 9), 1261 (?0: B0<, AB@. 48), 1263, 1270 (AB@. 544).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="12">12</a></b>. %@8A>2C;JB =0 >=AB0=B8=, 4045= =0 <0=0AB8@0  !2. 5>@38 2J2 8@?8=A:0B0 ?;0=8=0 ?@8 !:>?85 (`afaYik, Pam., ?>A. <OAB>).  [>9=0B0 =0 <i> >=AB0=B8=</i> A@5IC 8<?5@0B>@ <i>8E08;</i> A;54 >A;5?O20=5B> =0 <0;:8O <i>>0= 0A:0@8A</i>, A5AB@8=8: =0 >=AB0=B8=>20B0 65=0. ">3020 1J;30@>-2870=B89A:0B0 3@0=8F0 (Pachymeres, III, A0@. 18) 5 18;0 >BB0BJ: <i>4@8=</i>. 8E08;>28B5 2>9A:8 ?@5275;8<i> ;>2482, !B0=8<0:0</i>,  A   5 y, <i> =E80;></i>. 8F5A ?@540; 5A5<2@8O. !?>@54 0E8<5@ (V, A0@. 4) ?@8 B>20 >I5 8 <i>30B>?>;, !>7>?>;, 0=AB@8F8A</i>? (Castrii, 5AB@8G) 8 4@C38 <5AB0. "C: C 0E8<5@ 8<0 ?@>B82>@5G85 : >=AB0=B8= 2>N20 A 8F5A, 871O320 2 !B0=8<0:0, :>9B> 5 2870=B89A:8, 8 <i>A;54 B>20 </i>8F5A ?@54020 5A5<2@8O =0 8<?5@0B>@A:8O ?J;:>2>45F. >9=8B5 A >=AB0=B8= B@O120 40 AB020B 2 54=> 2@5<5, :>30B> !B0=8<0:0 5 18;0 >I5 1J;30@A:0?]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="13">13</a></b>. Pachymeres, I, AB@. 210, 349; Gregoras, I, IV, A0@. 6, AB@. 99.  [<i>>309</i>. Gens nogaica (Kuun, AB@. XXXV) sub duci Noghai 1261 A5 >B:JA=0; >B <>=3>;8B5, 37 3>48=8 B0< ?@>AJI5AB2C20;> F0@AB2>B> =0 0BC. !?>@54 AF5;8= <=>3> :C<0=8, 1O309:8 >B <>=3>;8B5, A5 2J@=0;8 2 >B5G5AB2>B> A8, 0 C1@C:28A :0720, G5 <i>:C<0=8B5</i> ?@54 <>=3>;A:>B> =0E;C20=5 A5 =0<8@0;8 <564C >= 8 =5?L@. 0B>20 =>309F8 A0 <i>A<5A8F0</i>  tribus nogaica. . . 5E confluxu Cumanorum, Bissenorum et Mongolorum originem duxit (AB@. XXXVI), :>5B> A5 28640 >B <5AB=8B5 8<5=0, :>8B> A0 :C<0=A:8 8 <>=3>;A:8.  Pachymeres, M., III, A0@. 25. !C;B0= <i>7048=</i> 2 &0@83@04. 53>28OB 2C9G> 5 =0 A525@ >B >=B, ?><>I >B B0B0@8 8 1J;30@8, <i>>=AB0=B8=</i> ;8G=> CG0AB2C20 25G5 AJA <i>AGC?5=</i> :@0:. <?5@0B>@ 8E08; ?@578<C20 2 <i>A0=B8O</i>, ?>E>4 :J< &0@83@04, >B <i>0=>A</i> =0B0BJ: A :>@018. 53>20B0 4@C68=0 >1A045=0 >B >=AB0=B8= 2 <i>=>A</i>. 7548= 5 A BOE, >A2>1>45= >B 1J;30@A:8O ;035@. >=AB0=B8= A5 >BB53;O. Dtails.  7548= 5 ?>;CG8; >B E0= 5@:5 2 1265 3. ?>A5;8I0 2 @8<. Heyd, 2, AB@. 164.  >2> <i> B0B0@A:> =0E;C20=5</i> 2 "@0:8O, Pachymeres, ., IV, A0@. 30, ?>28:0=8 >B megas Kontestaulas =4@>=8: "0@E0=8>B5A.  AB>@8OB0 =a w. Pach. Andr., 1, VII, cap. 22.  <i>7548=</i>, A8= =0 <i>0O7548= 59E>A@52 II</i> 8 54=0 E@8AB8O=:0, 35>@389:0, G0AB8G=> 2;045=85, =0B8A:JB =0 B0B0@8B5, 1O3AB2> >:>;> 1261 3. 2 &0@83@04, C<@O; 2 @8<. 53>28 A8=>25 18;8 <i>>=AB0=B8=</i> (E@8AB8O=8= 2J2 870=B8O) 8 <i>0AC4</i>, ?@54?>A;54=8OB A5;46C:A:8 AC;B0=. 6. Hammer.  Barth, Reise von Trapezunt etc. =0 AB@. 72 ?@>G5B5=8O >B Mordtmann =04?8A : 1246 A548= 1C; $0;8E 59 02CA, A8= =0 59 %CA@02 0AA8<.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">319</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">?>40@C20;8 2870=B89F8, 1J;30@8, ;0B8=F8, 5?8@F8 8 AJ@18, 4>:0B> =09-A5B=5 ?>A;54=8B5  :J< :@0O =0 XIII 2.  ?>G=0;8 40 275<0B 25G5 2@JE 2 =5O. ! 2J25640=5B> =0 ;5==0B0 A8AB5<0 AB@5<56JB :J< D>@<8@0=5 =0 =0F8>=0;=8 4J@6028 87G57=0; 8 ?>-3>;5<8B5 4J@6028 =0 ?>;C>AB@>20 A5 @07;>68;8 =0 <=>3> >B45;=8 0@8AB>:@0B88, ?>=O:>30 ?>GB8 AJ2A5< =57028A8<8, :>8B> 2 <5AB=>AB8, 345B> G5AB> A5 2>45;8 2>9=8, >18:=>25=> A5 ?@8AJ548=O20;8 :J< ?>-A8;=8O.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">!;54 A<J@BB0 =0 @8=0 (1270 3.) >=AB0=B8= A5 >65=8; 70 0@8O, ?;5<5==8F0 =0 8E08; VIII. 0B> 75AB@0 C3>2>@5=> 18;> 870=B8O 40 2J@=5 =0 F0@O 5A5<2@8O 8 =E80;>; <a href="#14">[14]</a> 0 :>30B> 0;5>;>3 >B:070; 40 87?J;=8 >15I0=85B> A8, >=AB0=B8= ?>G=0; 40 A5 3>B28 70 2>9=0 8 A0<> 1;03>40@5=85 =0 AJN70 A E0= >309, <a href="#15">[15]</a> ?J;:>2>45F =0 ;0B=0B0 >@40, ?@54 G8OB> <>I B@5?5@5; F5;8OB :@09 >:>;> >=B 8 C=02, 8<?5@0B>@JB A?>;CG8; 40 >B1;JA=5 @07AJ@45=8B5 1J;30@8.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">> 2870=B89F8B5 70?;0H20; <=>3> ?>->?0A5= C40@ >B 4@C30 AB@0=0. '5AB>;N1828OB 8 5=5@38G5= 0@; I, ?J@28OB =50?>;8B0=A:8 :@0; >B 48=0AB8OB0 =6C, ?@8 G89B> 42>@ 1OE0 =0<5@8;8 ?@81568I5 873>=5=8OB ;0B8=A:8 8<?5@0B>@ 0;4C8= II 8 A;5?8OB >0= IV 0A:0@8A, A5 3>B25; 70 ?>E>4 A F5; 40 2J7AB0=>28 0B8=A:0B0 8<?5@8O. 0 23 <09 1267 3. 2J2 8B5@1> 18; A:;NG5= 4>3>2>@ <564C 0@; 8 0;4C8=; <a href="#16">[16]</a> ?@8 B>20 0;4C8= <C ?>40@O20; ?@>28=F88B5, :>8B> >I5 A5 =0<8@0;8 2 =5?@8OB5;A:8 @JF5. 4@020 >?>@0 =0 ?>;C>AB@>20 B>9 =0<5@8; 2 705B8B5 >I5 >B 0=D@54>28B5 @8F0@8 3@04>25 @0G, 0;>=0, 0=8= 8 >AB@>2 >@DC, :>8B> A5 ?@540;8 =0 0@;.  A:>@> 2@5<5 <C A5 ?>4G8=8;8 8 0;10=A:8B5 ?;0=8=A:8 >1;0AB8, 4>@8 8:8D>@, 5?8@A:8OB 45A?>B, 40; 4065 :;5B20 70 2O@=>AB =0 =50?>;8B0=A:8O :@0;. 10G5 3@C1>ABB0 =0 =50?>;8B0=A:8B5 G8=>2=8F8, =0A8;AB25=>B> 2J25640=5 =0 :0B>;8F87<0 8 ;>H>B> 4J@60=5 :J< 0;10=A:8B5 70;>6=8F8 2 8B0;80=A:8B5 75<8 ?@5G8;8, I>B> 40 A5 E0@5A0 D@0=:A:>B> 2;048G5AB2> =0 0;10=F8B5.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">0B>20 ?J: 2 1J;30@8B5 8 AJ@18B5 0@; =6C9A:8 =0<5@0; BJ:<> 65;0=8B5 AJN7=8F8. =>3> N6=8 A;02O=8 ?>ABJ?8;8 =0 A;C610 ?@8 =50?>;8B0=A:8O :@0; 8 4>@8 A5 ?@5A5;8;8 =0 8B0;80=A:0 ?>G20. 0 >AB@>2 AE8O 2J7=8:=0;0 1J;30@A:0 :>;>=8O, 2 50?>; A5 A?><5=020  vicus qui</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="14">14</a></b>. [!;54 A<J@BB0 =0 @8=0 ?@53>2>@8 =0 8E08; 0;5>;>3 70 <8@ A 1J;30@8B5 (Pachymeres, Mich., V, A0@. 2). 0 F0@ >=AB0=B8= A5 4020;0 A5AB@8=0B0 4JI5@O =0 8<?5@0B>@0, 2=CG:0B0 <i>0@8O</i>; :0B>  18;8 >15I0=8 <i> 5A5<2@8O</i> 8 <i>=E80;></i>. !;54 B>20 >10G5 8<?5@0B>@ 8E08; =5 8A:0; 40 ?@54045 3@04>25B5, :0B> A5 8728=O20;, G5 68B5;8B5 18;8 ?@>B82, G5 B5 18;8 , G5 ?@8=04;560;8 :J< w (26. 25=5F. ?8@0BA:8 ?@>B>:>; >B 1278 3., 2870=B89A:8 G8=>2=8F8 2 5A5<2@8O). 564C B>20 0@8O @>48;0 <i>8E08;</i>.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="15">15</a></b>. [<i>>309</i> >B >:>;> 1270 3. @C=, '5@=><>@L5, II, AB@. 351. 8E08; 40; =0 <i>>309</i> A2>OB0 =570:>==0 4JI5@O <i>D@>A8=0</i>.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="16">16</a></b>. [8B5@1A:8OB 4>3>2>@ C Du Cange, Hist. de l emp. de Constantinople, Ven., 1729. @0<>B8 =0 AB@. 12.  Itaque etiam in terra memorati despoti ac in <i>regnis Albaniae et Serviae</i> liceat nobis nostrisque in regno Siciliae heredibus, si voluerimus, huius modi tertiam partem eligere aut etiam obtinere. 5A?>BJB = <i>Michalicius</i> dotis titulo 40; 75<O =0 <i>Elenae</i> filiae relictae q. Manfredi olim principis Tarentini, A530 4J@68 qui se pro regni ammirato gerit Philipp. Chioardus.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">320</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">vocatur Bulgarus (1323 3.), 0 2 =50?>;8B0=A:8B5 4>:C<5=B8 (1270 1401 3.) G5AB> A5 A@5I0B 8<5=0 =0 ;8F0 A 8<5=0 Slavi, Sclavoni, Sclavelli, Bulgari, Bulgarelli. <a href="#17">[17]</a>  !J@18O CAJ@4=0 70I8B=8F0 =0 =50?>;8B0=A:8B5 8=B5@5A8 18;0 65=0B0 =0 !B5D0= #@>H I :@0;8F0 ;5=0, <a href="#18">[18]</a> 4JI5@O =0 0;4C8= II, :>OB> G0: 4> A0<0B0 A8 A<J@B 5 2;8O5;0 <=>3> 2J@EC A@J1A:0B0 ?>;8B8:0 ?@57 FO;>B> C?@02;5=85 =0 =59=8O <J6 8 A8=>25B5 ] @03CB8= 8 8;CB8=.  1>30B8B5 =50?>;8B0=A:8 0@E828 A5 A@5I0B <=>3> A2545=8O 70 ?@53>2>@8B5 =0 0@; A N6=>A;02O=A:8B5 2;045B5;8. I5 ?@57 A5?B5<2@8 1271 3. :@0;OB >G0:20; ?@0B5=8F8 >B !J@18O 8 >B  8<?5@8OB0 03>@0 (J;30@8O). <a href="#19">[19]</a>  1273 3. ?@8AB83=0;8 2 50?>; A@J1A:8 8 1J;30@A:8 ?@0B5=8F8 A ?> 60 :>==8F8 8 @8F0@OB 8:>;09 45 !5=B-<5@, D@0=:A:8OB 2;045B5; =0 15>B89A:0B0 "820, 38 ?@84@C68; =0 >1@0B=8O ?JB 2 >B5G5AB2>B> 8< :0B> :@0;A:8 ?@0B5=8:. 0718@0 A5, G5 A ?>-1;87:0B0 !J@18O A0 A5 2>48;8 ?>25G5 ?@53>2>@8, >B:>;:>B> A ?>-40;5G=0B0 J;30@8O.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">8E08; VIII =5 <>60; 40 87153=5 ?@81;86020I0B0 A5 1C@O. <?5@0B>@JB =5 A?>;CG8; 40 A?5G5;8 =0 A2>O AB@0=0 AJ@18B5 (1272 3.) <a href="#20">[20]</a> 8 B5 <C >1O-</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="17">17</a></b>. 0:CH52, B0;LO=A:85 0@E82K 8 E@0=OI85AO 2 =8E <0B5@80;K 4;O A;02O=A:>9 8AB>@88, !1, 1871, II, AB@. 29, 70 72. 0: >B =53> : !;02O=5 2 ;10=88 (AB@. 78), 31 8 A;.  [6. . Durrieu, Les archives angevines de Naples, tude sur les registres du roi Charles I, 1265 1285, Paris, 1886, 2 vols. @06. C=82. 181;. 4  202. 5 7=05 =8 70 Hopf, =8 70 0:CH52.  <i>Bulgaranus</i> Galliae Narbonensis praefectus, literae ad episcopos, commemorantur reges Gundemanes, Brunigilda et Theodoricus, Theudibertus; ad Gunthemasum regem cf. Aus span. Handchr., N. Archiv d. Ges. f. lt deutsche Geschichtskunde, XII, 1887, AB@. 255. Bocaccio, Decamerone,V, 6 (ed. Sonzogno, 2, 42) :  gentil uom dell&#39;isola (Ischia), che Marin <i>Bolgaro</i> avea nome . 5H020I 2J?@>A BC: 5 40;8 B578 8<5=0 2 B0;8O ?@>87E>640B >B 1J;30@8, 8;8 A0 35@<0=A:8 8;8 4@C38 A;>2>>1@07C20=8O, :>8B> =O<0B =8:0:20 2@J7:0 A 8<5B> =0 1J;30@8B5 >A25= ?@8284=0 ?@8;8:0. !@2. 4@C38 35@<.  gar. Wolfgar? 0 16 >:B. 1884 3. C<@O  Graf Peter <i> Bulgarini</i> d&#39;Elci, Patricier von Siena dei Nove, dei Grandi, Oberlt. a. D. 83 Jahre alt. im Schlosse Nezamyslitz ( Presse ).  Veneti : Ser <i>Bulgarus</i> Victuri 1408, 1419. Ljubi, 5, AB@. 116; 7, AB@. 281. 5=C57F8B5 <i>Julianus de Bulgaro</i> 8 <i>Laufrancus de Bulgaro</i> 1300 2J2 $0<03CAB0. Archives de l&#39;Or. lat., 2, AB@. 602 A;. Bulgarus 2 >;>=O, 26. Ficker, IV, AB@. 602 . Bulgaro, <5@0G ?@8 42>@0 =0 $@84@8E II. Savis, Novellino, nov. XX. !@2. 8 >1OA=5=8OB0. N. Archiv. f. deutsche Gesch., XVI, 1890, AB@. 39 : Graf <i>Bulgar</i>, A0<> =O:>8 codd. <i>Bulgaranus</i>, 25@>OB=> comes Septimanie 2 =0G0;>B> =0 7 AB>;. 2J@EC @01>B8B5 =0 "5>451C;0 A 020@8B5, 2J2 2@5<5B> =0 C=45<0@, 610 612.  6. <i> Bulgaminus</i> filius Benedicti 0. 963 primas Romanae civitabis, Liutprand, Hist. Ottonis, cap. 9.  Wilhelm der <i>Bulgare</i> 1034 1077, 1@0B =0 :0=>=878@0=0B0 >B 5=548:B XIV A2. 5@B0, ?@82J@65=8: =0 8<?5@. ?0@B8O 2 ">A:0=0 (Pistoja?). 48= >B ?@54?>;0305<8B5 ?@04548 =0 0?>;5>= I; A@2. AJG8=5=8OB0 =0 Dr. Kamillo von Behr und Frdric Masson.  <i>Bulgari</i> 2 <5AB=8B5 8 ;8G=8 8<5=0 2 B0;8O : (8H<0=>2, J;30@8B5 2  Orlando Furioso , J;3. ?@53;54, VI, :=. VIII (0?@8;), 1900, AB@. 78 81. Nota bene A530H=8B5 topica 2 B0;8O.  W. Bruckner, Die Sprache der Langobarden, Strassburg, Trbner, 1895, 358 S. Cf. GGA, 1896, Nov. 888 f. Much. 892 Mannesname <i>Pulcari, Po</i>.  Much des Auslautes wegen nicht von Bulgare, eher dissimiliert aus Purcari, Percari, das a. O. wirklich erlest und natrlich aus burg und hari zusammengesestzt ist, albegra aus hariberga, pellegrino aus peregrino.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="18">18.</a></b> [!J2J@H5=> 157 4>:070B5;AB2>.  <i>;5=0</i>. Du Cange, Hist. de l&#39;emp. de Constantinople, 115 col. a :  Hlne dame franaise, dont la pit, la dvotion et la constance en l observation de la rel. romaine ont mrit l&#39;loge du pape Nicolas III dans ses Epitres . &8B8@0 Barletia 8 Orbini. !B@. 168 detto  Hlne dame franaise .]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="19">19</a></b>. 6. 3;020 XXV, 1.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="20">20</a></b>. Pachymeres C Stritter, AB@. 195 8 A;. >48=0B0 5 A?>@54 Mural, Chronographie byz., II (Ble, 1873), AB@. 425.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">321</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">28;8 2>9=0. 0 40 C=8I>68 54=> AJ2<5AB=> =0?045=85 =0 =50?>;8B0=F8, AJ@18 8 1J;30@8, B>9 @5H8; 40 70?>G=5 ?@53>2>@8 70 C=8O A ?0?0B0. 0 AJ1>@0, A28:0= 70 B0O F5; 2 1274 3. >B @83>@89 X 2 8>=, 2870=B89A:8B5 ?@0B5=8F8 A5 >B@5:;8 >B AE87<0B0. %8B@8OB 0;5>;>3 <8A;8; ?@8 B>O A;CG09 A ?><>IB0 =0 ?0?0B0 40 C=8I>68 A;02O=A:8B5 FJ@:28 2 "J@=>2> 8 2 5G (?5:). 0 B0O F5; A E@8A>2C; >B 1272 3. B>9 2J7AB0=>28; 5;8=878@0=0B0 25G5 E@84A:0 ?0B@80@H8O 2 3@0=8F8B5, :>8B> 5 8<0;0 2 1020 3.; A B>20 B@O120;> 40 A5 >B=5<5 ?@02>B> 70 AJI5AB2C20=5 =0 =>28B5 FJ@:28  A@J1A:0 8 1J;30@A:0. <a href="#21">[21]</a> @0B5=8F8B5 <C 87BJ:20;8 2 8>=, G5 B578 FJ@:28 A0 >A=>20=8 157 @07@5H5=85B> =0 ?0?0B0, 8 B> 2 >=>20 2@5<5, :>30B> 3J@F8B5 2 AJN7 AJA A;02O=8B5 2>N20;8 A ;0B8=F8B5 8 A;54>20B5;=> 157 2AO:> ?@02>; =0AB>O20;8 >I5 40 A5 2J7AB0=>28 <=8<0B0 AB0@0.AB8=80=>20 >E@84A:0 FJ@:20, :J< 5?0@E8OB0 =0 :>OB> A?040;0 ?>-3>;O<0B0 G0AB >B B>3020H=0 !J@18O 8 J;30@8O. <a href="#22">[22]</a> 10G5 ?@53>2>@8B5 A ?0?0B0 2J71C48;8 3>;O<> 8 A8;=> =54>2>;AB2> 2 F5;8O &0@83@04, :>5B> 4>25;> A:>@>H=8O :@09 =0 C=8OB0. !5AB@0B0 =0 8<?5@0B>@0 2;>38O ?>44J@60;0 ?@>B82=8F8B5 =0 C=8OB0 8 A8 =0<5@8;0 459=0 ?><>I=8F0 2 ;8F5B> =0 4JI5@O A8  1J;30@A:0B0 F0@8F0 0@8O. =>3>1@>9=8 ?@0B5=8F8 (<>=0A8) ?>AB>O==> ?JBC20;8 <564C "J@=>2> 8 &0@83@04 8 =>A5;8 @07<5=5=8B5 <564C <09:0 8 4JI5@O ?8A<0. &0@8F0B0 A5 >?8B0;0, <0:0@ 8 157 CA?5E, 40 2J2;5G5 2J2 2>9=0 A@5IC 8E08; VIII 4065 538?5BA:8O AC;B0=. <a href="#23">[23]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">0: ?> B>20 2@5<5 A5 A;CG8;> 54=> =57=0G8B5;=> AJ18B85, :>5B> B@O120;> 40 AB0=5 AJ41>=>A=> 70 J;30@8O. &0@ >=AB0=B8= A8 AGC?8;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="21">21</a></b>. @0<>B0B0 (>B 023CAB 6780) 5 4045=0 C >;C18=A:89, AB@. 259.  1273 3. (6781) 8E08; CB2J@48; AJI> BJ9 8 ?@020B0 =0 >B402=0 25G5 ?@5AB0=0;0B0 40 AJI5AB2C20 FJ@:20  Justiniana prima , :>OB> D0;H82> A5 >BJ645AB2O20 A E@84A:0B0. 48= ;>H ?@52>4 =0 >@838=0;0, =0?@025= 25@>OB=> >B =O:>9 2;0E 8;8 3@J:, A5 =0<8@0; 2 ?@5?8A >B XVI 8;8 XVII 2. C ?@>D. @83>@>28G. 7204:8 >B B5:AB0 8<0 2 :=860B0 =0 ?>:>9=8O (0D0@8:. [urita, ed. aragca 1567 (Univ. Prag 22  95). ;. 142 b A;. 8>=A:8OB AJ1>@ >1H8@=> A5 >?8A20. . 144 0 :  Propuso se de parte de Paleologo, que se reduxessen en el primer estado las diocesis de la <i>Servia C de la tierra Zagora</i>, que sin autoridad de summo pontifice despues que Constantinopola fue tomada, aviedo gran confusion en aquel imperio, C estando muy turbadas las cosas del, concurriendo <i>los Bulgaros C Servianos</i> juntamente con los Griegos, para echar C destruyr los Latinos, por esta causa se mezelaron 0 quellas naciones entre si : C siendo entre elloz promiscuos los matrimonioz, C casi una misma gente, erigeron la <i>Servia en metropoli C la tierra Zagora en patriarcado</i>, contra los canones C costumbre de la Iglesia, como sin voluntad de la sede apcstolica, ni puciesse ser creado patriarca ni conferdia dignitad ecclesiastica alguna, C era notorio q&#39;el emperador <i> Justiniano por ennoblecer C honorar la ciudad de Achulayn</i> (sic), que era su patria, C se llamo de su nombre <i>Justiniana</i>, muy famosa C principal por esta causa entre todas las ciudades del Illyrico, abtuvo cel papa <i>Vigilio</i>, que constiruyesse la Iglesia della en primado C le fueron entonces senaladas C atribuydas per diosesis la <i>Servia C tierra Zagora</i>, que en lo antiguo eran las provincias de la <i>Dacia mediterranea C Ripense, Dardania, Mysia superior C Pannonia</i>, cuyos obispos eran suffraganeos suyos, C en esto mostro Paleologo dessear reformacion C remedio de la sede apostolica, porque 0 quello boluiesse al primes estado, como en tiempo de Justiniano estuvo. ">20 8A:0;8 3@JF:8B5 ?@0B5=8F8, 5>@38 :@>?>;8B 8 4@.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="22">22</a></b>. >4@>1=> C @8=>2, J;30@A:0B0 8 A@J1A:0B0 FJ@:20 ?@54 8>=A:8O AJ1>@ 2 1274 3., @08;. 5@8>4. A?8A0=85, 1873, VII. !@2. Capacelatro, Storia del regno di Napoli, 1840, AB@. 350 355.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="23">23</a></b>. [38?5BA:8 D>@<C;O@8 4> 1J;30@8B5. Bogiai 2 Rad.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">322</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">:@0:0 8 1>;5ABB0 <C A5 @0728;0 2 B0:020 B56:0 D>@<0, G5 =5 5 <>3J; 4065 40 A5 42868. ">3020 0@8O 275;0 ?@8 A515 A8 <0;>;5B=8O A8 A8= 8E08;  03@5=>@>4=8 70 AJC?@028B5; [87@8G=> C 0E8<5@], 275;0 FO;0B0 2;0AB 2 @JF5B5 A8 8 A 8=B@838B5 A8 4>:0@0;0 3>;5<8 =5I0AB8O 70 AB@0=0B0 (1277 3.). <a href="#24">[24]</a>  AJI>B> B>20 2@5<5 2 J;30@8O 682O; 8 4@C3 548= :=O7, :>9B> ?>@048 1>;5ABB0 =0 F0@O 8 ?>@048 =5?J;=>;5B85B> =0 ?@5AB>;>=0A;54=8:0 18 <>3J; 40 AB0=5 >?0A5= AJ?5@=8:. 5345 2 0;:0=8B5, 25@>OB=> =0 70?04, 3>A?>40@C20; ?>;C=57028A8<8OB 45A?>B /:>2 !25B>A;02, ?>B><J: =0 @CA:> A5<59AB2>. @J2 ?JB 70 =53> A5 A?><5=020 2 1262 3. <a href="#25">[25]</a> >65 18 4J;65; 5 2;0ABB0 A8 =0 <0460@8B5, :>8B> 1OE0 ?>AB028;8 70 C?@028B5; =0 0G20 (1;87> 4> 5;3@04) 20A0;=8O A8 :=O7 >AB8A;02, AJI> @CA8=.  1271 3. ?@8 A:;NG20=5 =0 <8@0 <564C H5<8A; B>:0@ II 8 !B5D0= V, <0460@A:8O :@0;, =0@54 AJA A@J1A:8O :@0; #@>H 275; CG0AB85 Svetislavus imperator Bulgarorum. <a href="#26">[26]</a> 0;5>;>3 <C 40; 70 65=0 B@5B0B0 A5AB@0 =0 >A;5?5=8O 0A:0@8A 8 B0:0 B>9 AB0=0; 10460=0: =0 F0@ >=AB0=B8=. B B>78 8<5==> !25B>A;02 0@8O A5 >?8B0;0 40 A5 871028 A 54=> =51820;> :>20@AB2>. <a href="#27">[27]</a> [>=565 !25B>A;02 5 18; B8BC;O@5= F0@, 0@8O 8A:0;0 40 3> A?5G5;8, =09-<>3JI8O G>25: 2 AB@0=0B0, B0 40 A8 >157?5G8 =0A;54AB2>B> =0 ?@5AB>;0 :0B> AJC?@028B5;:0.] > =59=0 ?>:0=0 8 A >15I0=85 40 <C A5 4045 A2>1>45= ?JB !25B>A;02 ?@8AB83=0; 2 "J@=>2>. "C:  2 G5@:20  ?@57 2@5<5 =0 <>;8B28B5 =0 A25I5=8F8B5 8 ?@8 1;OAJ:0 =0 A25I8B5 A5 @0783@0;0 A;54=0B0 AF5=0 : F0@8F0B0 @07B2>@8;0 <0=B8OB0 A8 8 ?@83J@=0;0 A 54=0 @J:0 A8=0 A8 8E08;, 0 A 4@C30B0 !25B>A;02 8 A B>20 BO ?C1;8G=> >A8=>28;0 [1] ?>A;54=8O, <0:0@ 8 >B402=0 B>9 40 =5 5 18; 25G5 N=>H0. !:>@> >10G5 87;J30=8OB :=O7 AB0=0; 65@B20 =0  <09G8=8B5 </font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="24">24</a></b>. Pachymeres C `tritter, AB@. 763. 0?8A0=>B> 2 1J;30@A:8O :>45:A ?>4 3. 6785 = 1277 5 874045=> >B %0=:0 2 as. esk. musea, 1851, AB@. 154, 8 >B 0=8G8G 2 Starine, I, AB@. 86. [0 B078 ?@8?8A:0 ?> >@838=0;0 A@2. 5A:8= 2 /38G>28O Archiv, 4, AB@. 512.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="25">25</a></b>. !2gBA;02 87?@0B8; 2 1262 3. =0 :852A:8O 0@E85?8A:>? 8@8; III 548= ?@5?8A >B =><>:0=>=0, :0B> ?@8?8A0; :  A5O @CA:KO 75<;8 1;03>45@602=03> @>40 <>53>, 8E 65 >B@0A;L 8 :>@c=L 07J 1KEJ A2OBKEJ >BLF <>8EJ . >AB>:>2, ?8A0=85 @C:. C<O=F. 181;8>B., !1, 1842, AB@. 290. [0 ?@8?8A:0B0 2 "J@=>2A:>B> 520=35;85 26. 8 Valjevi, Starine, XX, 1888, AB@. 156 A;. . "8E0=>2, "5@=>2A:89 :0;5=40@ 1275 3>40 ?> A?8A:C $@0=F0 8:;>H8G0. 0B5@80;8 4;O 3@5:>-A;02. 038>;>388, 0<OB=8:8 4@52=59 ?8AL<5=>AB8, CXVIII, 1896, II + 16. !@2. 87. @5<5==8:, IV, AB@. 258.  C<0B0  @CAA:KO 2 ?@8?8A:0B0 40;8 =5 5 2<J:=0B0  =5 5. Nota bene !2OB>A;02>2F8 C B>3020H=8B5 @CA:8 ;5B>?8AF8.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="26">26</a></b>. Emler, Regesta Bohemiae et Moraviae, II, AB@. 302.  [ 1275 berwand Stephan Knig von Ungarn den bulgarischen Knig Sea, und die Bulgaren mussten ihrer Knig erkennen (sic). Sie wurfen aber mit Hlfe des griechischen Kaisers das ungarische Joch wieder ab . Bsching, Grosse Erdbeschreibung V. Troppau, 1785, AB@. 398. Undel Respice Catonam, Gebhardi, etc.  0 C=30@A:8B5 @01>B8 26. AJG8=5=8OB0 8 AB0B88B5 =0 Huber (70 ?>-AB0@0B0 5?>E0 8 Bdinger).]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="27">27</a></b>. Pachymeres, ed. Bonn., I, AB@. 430.  [Pachymeres, M. Paleol., 1, III, cap. 6, AB@. 120, edd. ant., II, AB@. 261. <i>Migne</i> w. soror Jo. Lascaris collocata </font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <img border="0" src="ki_322a.jpg" width="790" height="43"></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"> 45A?>B !2gB;02J /. 045=0 <C >B<i> 8<?. 8E08;</i>.  6. Philes, Carmina (26. Christl. Elem., AB@. 77 A;.) : >=AB0=B8= q (?0: B0<, AB@. 78 .), 0E0=0A. J;3. ?J;:>2>4F8 : y, q (J=G>), w, q, 0<O= >B 5;3@04.  6. Codex hung. patrius.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">323</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">A8 8=B@838 (1277 3.). !JI> BJ9 <=>3> 4@C38 ?@540=8 =0 F0@O 1>;O@8 AB0=0;8 65@B20 =0 3@JF:8B5 ;C:02AB20 =0 F0@8F0B0; => 7054=> A CA?5E8B5 ] >B 45= =0 45= A5 CA8;20;0 8 ><@070B0 ?@>B82 =5O, >A>15=> 2 "J@=>2>. <a href="#28">[28]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3"> 4>:0B> 2 AB>;8F0B0 18;8 705B8 A =09-157AB@0<=8 2870=B89A:8 8=B@838, FO;0B0 AB@0=0 18;0 157?@5G=> 87;>65=0 =0 =0?045=8O >B AB@0=0 =0 B0B0@A:8 @071>9=8H:8 >B@O48. ">3020 A5 O2O20 =0 AF5=0B0 E094C:JB 209;>, ?>-@0=> >2G0@ [?0AB8@ =0 A28=5], <a href="#29">[29]</a> E8BJ@ 8 1C45= G>25:; ?@O:>@JB <C 18; J@4>:20B0 (<0@C;O), :>5B> 2 ?@52>4 =0 3@JF:8 5 ?@54045=> A 4C<0B0  ;0E0=0A . <a href="#30">[30]</a> !<5;8OB B>78 020=BN@8AB @07?@02O;, :0:2> C6 =0AJ= @073>20@O; AJA A25BF8B5, 8 ?@JA:0; @07;8G=8 ?@>@>G5AB20, G5 5 ?@0B5= 70 25;8:8 45;0. [B:J45 5 87;O7;> B>20 2JAB0=85? 02O@=> >B 70?04. 0;8 >=AB0=B8= >:>;> 1270 3. 5 2;04O; >I5 !:>?A:> 8 ?@., A;54>20B5;=> 8 5;1C64A:>, !>D89A:>. /2=> 5 B>3020, G5 ?@57 2@5<5 =0 @07<8@8F8B5 A;54 =53>20B0 A<J@B 2870=B89F8B5 705;8 70?04  AJ@18B5 1OE0 3> 275;8 >B 2870=B89A:8 @JF5.] <a href="#31">[31]</a>  <0;:> 2@5<5 B>9 AJ1@0; >:>;> A515 A8 4>AB0 7=0G8B5;=0 2>9A:0. >G=0; 40 A5 >1;8G0 :0B> :=O7, ?@5?0A0; <5G 8 3>@4> 87;870; =0 :>= ?@54 ?J;G8I0B0 A8. !;54 :0B> 420 ?JB8 CA?O; 40 @07185 B0B0@8B5 [?], :J< =53> A5 ?@8AJ548=8;8 25G5 F5;8 >1;0AB8 8 4065 <=>3> 1>;O@8 [?]. &0@ >=AB0=B8=, :>9B> ?>@048 1>;5ABB0 A8 8 ?>@048 ?>2545=85B> =0 65=0 A8 15 873C18; ?>GB8 2A8G:8B5 A8 ?@82J@65=8F8, A <J:0 CA?O; 40 AJ15@5 <0;:> 2>9A:0 8 40; A@065=85 =0 209;>. ! 548= C?>@8B =0B8A: F0@A:8B5</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="28">28</a></b>. [@8AB@0AB85B> =0 <i>0E8<5@</i> :J< 0@8O.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="29">29</a></b>. >4 B>20 8<5 4>A530 B>9 =8945 =5 A5 A?><5=020. 7 A5 >A=>2020< 2J@EC ?@8?8A:0B0 2 54=> 520=35;85, =0?8A0=0 2 6787 3. (1 A5?B. 1278  1 A5?B. 1279) :  2J 4=8 F0@c 209;0 8 ?@8 5?8A:C?c 8H52AFc<J 2J ;cB> 6787 8=48:B0 7, 538 AB>OEC @LF8 ?>4 3@04><J "@J=>2><J (;0A=8:, 20, AB@. 245). "C: A5 3>2>@8 70 >1A040B0 =0 "J@=>2> >B 2870=B89F8B5, :>30B> 8A:0;8 40 ?>AB02OB =0 ?@5AB>;0 20= A5= III. 209;> 2 =8:0:J2 A;CG09 =5 <>65 40 1J45 F0@ A5= III, :0:B> <8A;8 >;C18=A:89, AB@. 12, BJ9 :0B> =8:>30 =5 5 18; >1A0640= >B 3J@F8B5.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <img border="0" src="ki_323a.jpg" width="790" height="40"></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">Pachymeres, I, AB@. 431. !?>@54 !@57=52A:8 (5A540, 1857, II) BC: 25@>OB=> B@O120 40 A5 G5B5 { (q  ?> 1J;30@A:8 1J@4>:20). <5B>  A5 A@5I0 8 2J2 2870=B89A:0B0 8<?5@8O; A@2. Nicetas, AB@. 372, 374. [!@2. 0=C8;  2 @CA0 2J2 2@5<5B> =0 =4@>=8: ><=8= C Nicetas, AB@. 322, 324.  <b>!B><img border="0" src="ia.jpg" width="17" height="14">B8 ?>4J 3@04><L</b> : obsidere. :> 40 1OE0 3J@F8B5 3>A?>40@8 =0 "J@=>2>, IOE0 40 AB>OB =5 ?>4 3@040, 0<8 <b>2J 3@04c</b>t. !@2. AB><b><img border="0" src="ia.jpg" width="17" height="14"></b>H>C 65 <img border="0" src="ie_2.jpg" width="18" height="14"><>C >C 3@040, :>30B> >AB8A;02 >1A0640; @5<8AJ;, >;8=. 2 1249 3.  0=88; : CH0=  AB0 <b>?>4L 3@04><L</b> A;02L=K8<L !>;>C=><L, A5<>C 3@04>C E>B5I>C A52L40B8 <img border="0" src="ie_2.jpg" width="18" height="14"><>C . !B><img border="0" src="ia.jpg" width="17" height="14">B8 <i>>:>;></i> 3@040 obsidere, Nestor, ed. Miklosich, AB@. 32.  Nota bene, 70 2870=B89A:>B> AB>?0=AB2> 2 0;:0=0 8 >4>?8B5 A@2. Cesty.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <font size="3"><a name="30"><b><span style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> 3</span></b><b><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS">0</span></a></b><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS">. [J< 2J?@>A0 70 8<5B> =0 <i>209;></i> (26. @5F5=78OB0 =0 0:CH52) A@2. <>OB0 15;56:0 2 Osvta, 1882, AB@. 963, 2 8AB>@8OB0 =0 "J@=>2>. <i> 0@>4=></i> 8<5 ?@>AB> ?> 284 5420 ;8 18 18;> 70 <i>2870=B89A:8O ?@5B5=45=B</i>, :>9B> <>65 18 =5 5 18; 4>@8 @>45= 2 AB@0=0B0. Nota bene : 2 !2J@;86:0B0 ?@8?8A:0 AB>8 2 <i>4=8B5</i> =0 F0@O, 0 =5 =0  <b>F0@AB2CNIC F0@N</b> 8 B. =., A@2. >18G09=0B0 D>@<C;0 2 4@C38 ?@8?8A:8. 6. ?>4>1=8 8<5=0 =0 -<i>;></i>, -<i>09;></i>. !2J@;86:8OB ?8A0@ 25G5 ?>@048 <i>A5=>2>B></i> 8<5 I5H5 40 =07>25 20= A5= A ?J;=>B> 8<5. <i>209;></i>  ?@>AB>=0@>4=> 8<5, <i>=O<0 1>;O@A:8 E0@0:B5@</i>. Nota bene : 40 A5 AJ15@0B 4@C38B5 8<5=0 =0 -<i>;></i> (@0=8;> 2 ;10=8O 8 B. =.), :><C B5 ?@8=04;560B.  >2>1J;30@A:0 4@0<0 : 209;>, A5;A:89 F0@. AB>@8G5A:0 4@0<0 2 ?5B 459AB28O, >B 2. 2. 5H>2, !>D8O, 1888, 98 AB@.]</span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="31">31</a></b>. 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">3020 ?>@B8B5 =0 "J@=>2> A5 >B2>@8;8 70 ?J;G8I0B0 =0 F0@O-1C=B>2=8: 8 0@8O >B?@07=C20;0 A 209;> A20B10B0 8 :>@>=0F8OB0 A8 (?@57 ?@>;5BB0 =0 1278 3.). > 3@C18OB ?;0=8=5F-35@>9 A:>@> ><@J7=0; =0 2J7?8B0=0B0 A 3@JF:0 87BJ=G5=>AB F0@8F0. A25= B>20 >B 425 AB@0=8 =0?04=0;8 420<0 =5?@8<8@8<8 2@03>25 : B0B0@8B5 8 3J@F8B5. A5:8 45= A5 ?@>;820;0 :@J2; E@01@8B5 1J;30@8 ?>1564020;8 A 2=570?=8 =0?045=8O. ! C60A 3@JF:8B5 2>9=8F8 2;870;8 2 1>9, 70I>B> 209;> =5 7=05; ?>I040. [0E8<5@ 3>2>@8 70 65AB>:>ABB0 =0 2>9A:8B5 =0 0E0=0A, ?;5=5=8B5 3J@F8 18;8 C1820=8.] 0:0@ "J@=>2> 40 5 18; ?>GB8 >B 2A8G:8 AB@0=8 >13@045= >B 3J@F8, <a href="#35">[35]</a> 2>9=0B0 ?@8 2A5 B>20 ?@>4J;68;0 157:@09=> 4J;3>.  =0G0;>B> =0 1279 3. 2 "J@=>2> 87254=J6 A5 ?@JA=0; A;CE, :0:2> 209;> 5 C18B 2 54=> A@065=85 A B0B0@8B5. "J@=>2A:8B5 3@0640=8 254=030 >B2>@8;8 2@0B8B5, ?@540;8 =0 3J@F8B5 0@8O 8 A8=0 ] 8 @04>AB=> ?>A@5I=0;8 =>28O F0@ 20= A5= III, !:>@> A;54 B>20 ?@8AB83=0;0 8 =53>20B0 65=0. 01@5<5=O;0B0 >B C7C@?0B>@0 0@8O 18;0 4>:0@0=0 2 4@8=.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <font size="3"><b><a name="32"><span style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> 3</span><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS">2</span></a></b><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS">. 0 209;> 26. Pachymeres, I, AB@. 430, 466; Gregoras, I, AB@. 130.</span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="33">33</a></b>. 07?@02OB, A8= =0 8F5A. 6. 3;. XVII, 15;. 6, 8 3;. XVIII, 15;. 3.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="34">34</a></b>. [!@2. >?8B8B5 A 1J;30@A:8B5 ?@5B5=45=B8 2J2 2@5<5B> =0 !25B>A;02.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="35">35</a></b>. 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"C: A5 >B=0AO 8 F8B8@0=0B0 ?>-3>@5 AB0@>1J;30@A:0 ?@8?8A:0 >B ?J@20B0 ?>;>28=0 =0 6787 3. :  :>30B> 3J@F8B5 1OE0 ?>4 3@04 "J@=>2> .</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">325</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">J;30@8B5 =5 ] A5 AJ@45;8, => 4>:0B> 2 1J;30@A:8B5 G5@:28 A5 ?55;>  25G=0O ?0<OB 70 2A8G:8 ?>:>9=8 F0@8F8, AG8B0;8 O =54>AB>9=0 70 B0O G5AB. <a href="#36">[36]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">20= A5= III, G>25: A =5A0<>AB>5= E0@0:B5@, =5 <>60; 40 A5 704J@68. 09-<=>3> ?@82J@65=8F8 ?@57 B>20 2@5<5 5 8<0; 5>@38 "5@B5@89 (). <a href="#37">[3</a></span><a href="#37"><span style="font-family: Palatino Linotype">7</span><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype">]</span></a><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> > ?@>87E>4 B>9 18; >B 42>@O=A:8 @>4, 18; 2 @>4AB25=8 2@J7:8 A =09-2;8OB5;=8B5 @>4>25 8 18; >18G0=, 70I>B> 18; E@01J@ 8 C<5=. A5=, :0B> 28640; >?0A5= ?@>B82=8:, 8A:0; 40 3> ?@82J@65 :J< A515 A8 A @>4=8=A:8 2@J7:8; =07=0G8; 3> 45A?>B 8 <C 40; A5AB@0 A8 70 65=0. 0B>20 ?J: "5@B5@89 B@O120;> 40 87?@0B8 2 8:5O :0B> 70;>6=8F8 ?J@20B0 A8 65=0 1J;30@:0 8 A8=0 A8 !25B>A;02.</span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">"J:<> B>3020 =5>G0:20=> ?@54 2@0B8B5 =0 "J@=>2> =0G5;> =0 3>;O<0 2>9A:0 >B=>2> A5 O28; 209;>, :>3>B> AG8B0;8 70 C<@O;, 8 70275; 2A8G:8 87E>48 =0 3@040. >:@JAB5=8OB B0B0@8= <i>0A8<15:</i> (w), <a href="#38">[38]</a> :>9B> =5<=>3> ?@548 B>20 15 40; :;5B20 70 2O@=>AB =0 20= A5= III 2 :0G5AB2>B> A8 =0 ?@>B>AB@0B>@ (3;02=>:><0=4C20I =0 J;30@8O) 8 ?>A;5 15 87G57=0; >B "J@=>2>, A530 A5 O28; 7054=> A 209;> :0B> =53>2 ?@>B>AB@0B>@. <?5@0B>@ 8E08; =570102=> 87?@0B8; 10 000 4CH8 ?><>I =0 75B A8 ?>4 =0G0;AB2>B> =0 2870=B89A:8O 8J;:>2>45F C@8=. 209;> >10G5 3> @0718; =0?J;=> =0 17 N;8 1280 3. <a href="#39">[39]</a> !;54 =O:>;:> A0<> A54<8F8, =0 15 023CAB, AJI0B0 CG0AB A?>;5BO;0 8 2B>@0B0 2>9A:0 >B 5000 4CH8, 87?@0B5=0 =0 ?><>I ?>4 ?@542>48B5;AB2>B> =0 ?@8=; BO 18;0 C=8I>65=0 =5345 2 !@54=0 3>@0. @8 B0:820 >1AB>OB5;AB20 70 "5@B5@89 =8:0: =5 18;> <JG=> 40 >B:;>=8 1>;O@8B5 8 2>9A:0B0 >B =51;03>@07C<=8O F0@ 8 40 38 ?@82;5G5 =0 A2>O AB@0=0. 20= A5= III =5 A5 AG8B0; 2 157>?0A=>AB 2 "J@=>2> 8 B09=> 871O30; ?@57 5A5<2@8O 2 &0@83@04, :0B> ?@5420@8B5;=> 87?@07=8; 4J@602=0B0 E07=0. 0;>4CH=0B0 ?>ABJ?:0 =0 A5= @07AJ@48;0 B2J@45 <=>3> 8E08;, :>9B> 4>B>3020 3> ?>:@>28B5;AB2C20;; 2A8G:8B5 <C CA8;8O 40 A2J@65 J;30@8O A 870=B8O >B8H;8 =0?@07=>. <a href="#40">[40]</a> @8 3>;O<0 @0-</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="36">36</a></b>. [;0ABB0 =0 20= A5= 8 A?>@54 3@JF:8B5 8725AB8O 5420 ;8 5 >1E20H0;0 FO;0 J;30@8O.  Nota bene @8=>28OB ?><5=8:.  >-=0B0BJH=8B5 AJ418=8 =0 0@8O. 8E08;, ?>-:JA5= ?@5B5=45=B. Pachymeres, Andr., II, A0@. 30.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <img border="0" src="ki_325a.jpg" width="791" height="42"></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="37">37</a></b>. 7 ?8H0 <i>"5@B5@89</i> : "5@B5@VO AB0@03>. ><5=8:JB C 0:>2A:8, A5=, AB@. 62.   q &. Pachymeres, II, AB@. 265.  [<i>A5=>28OB</i> 42>@ 18; ?J;5= A 1J;30@8, :C<0=8, ?>:@JAB5=8 B0B0@8. >-1J@70 0A8<8;0F8O =0 <i> :C<0=8B5</i> 2 J;30@8O, >B:>;:>B> 2 #=30@8O, 345B> B>3020 8<0;> 2>9=8 8 1>@18 (26. Huber).]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="38">38</a></b>. [0A8<<i>15:</i>  ? w 26. Pach., Andr., VI, A0@. 32. w, A  v A} y. 6. ?0@0;5;8 =0  : Solamam<i>paxis</i> Pach. Xahanxa id. pro `ahinaah,   a.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="39">39</a></b>. v   (=58725AB=> 345 A5 =0<8@0). Pachymeres, AB@. 446; 2B>@0B0 18B:0 p x  y, ?0: B0<. [Pachymeres, I, AB@. 446, 0. 1280 v  , Tomaschek, Edrisi, AB@. 28 =  il fiume <i>Devina</i> . Luccari, Annali, AB@.94, 26. y 2 ?>-AB0@> 2@5<5, Marcianopolis >B 2@5<5B> =0 "@0O=. 5 5 ;8 528=>?]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="40">40</a></b>. >B><F8B5 =0 A5= III 705<0;8 2J2 870=B8O G0: 4> ?040=5B> =0 8<?5@8OB0 28A>:8 4J@602=8 4;J6=>AB8. [<i>870=B89A:8 A5=>2F8</i>. v . w, III, 1886, B. IV, AB@. 235 A;. Sakellion. E cod.  u 16 v. (varia philos.) versus in tumulum   w  q     s (Constantinopol.). Secundum Ducam vixit tempore imp. Manuelis Palaelogi, cf. etiam Phrantz. monachus, cod. monasterii in Panagaeo  y  <b>w</b>, edidit Papadopulos Kerameus, arch. annexa, XVII, Constantinop. Syllogi. Ex gente eius forte</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">326</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">4>AB =0 =0@>40 <i>5>@38 "5@B5@89 I</i> <a href="#41">[41]</a> 18; :>@>=OA0= 70 F0@ (:@0O =0 1280 3.).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">!;54 874830=5B> =0 "5@B5@89 209;> @071@0;, G5 A8;8B5 <C A0 A;018 40 A8 2J@=5 ?@5AB>;0, 8 70B>20 >B8HJ; 40 <>;8 ?><>I >B AB0@8O E0= >309, :>9B> 3>A?>40@C20; 2 :@0O =0 XIII 2. =04 .6=0 CA8O. !JA54=8B5 AB@0=8  CA8O, 8B20, 0460@A:> 8 J;30@8O  4>AB0 G5AB> A0 87?8B20;8 2J@EC A515 A8 B565ABB0 =0 =53>20B0 2;0AB. @8 42>@0 =0 E0= >309 209;> A5 A@5I=0; AJA A2>O ?@>B82=8: 20= A5= III.  420<0B0 <>;8;8 ?><>I ?@>B82 "5@B5@89. >309 38 ?>A@5I=0; A 54=0:20 ;N157=>AB, ?@85; 40@>25B5 8<, =0>15I0; 8< <=>3>, => =5 =0?@028; =8I>, A0<> 38 @0725640; AJA A515 A8 8 A ;035@0 A8 ?> N6=>@CA:8B5 AB5?8. 0:@09 254=J6, 2J2 2@5<5 =0 548= ?8@, ?8O=8OB E0= 70?>2O40; 40 ?@5@560B 3J@;>B> =0 209;> 8 =0 =53>28O ?@8OB5; 0A8<15:. A5= III CA?O; 40 A5 A?0A8 A0<> 1;03>40@5=85 =0 D@>A8=8O, =570:>==0 4JI5@O =0 8<?5@0B>@ 8E08;, :>OB> 68255;0 2 E0@5<0 =0 F0@O =0 AB5?8B5 :0B> 65@B20 =0 48?;><0B8G5A:8B5 >B=>H5=8O.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">"J9 A2J@H8; 682>B0 A8 8=B5@5A=8OB F0@->2G0@ 8 A5;O=8= 209;>! <5B> <C A5 ?>;7C20;> A 3>;O<0 ?>G8B A@54 =0@>4=8B5 <0A8. >30B> 2 1294 3. A5 O28; ;J65-209;> (?A524>-0E0=), <a href="#42">[42]</a> ?@8 =53> A5 AJ18@0;8 BJ;?8 1J;30@A:8 68B5;8 >B 2870=B89A:0 "@0:8O, 70 40 A5 A@06020B ?>4 7=0<5B> <C ?@>B82 <0;>0780BA:8B5 BC@F8; A:>@> >10G5 8 B>78 020=BN@8AB =0<5@8; A<J@BB0 A8, => =5 >B BC@F8B5, 0 2 548= 70B2>@ =0 =54>25@G828B5 2870=B89F8.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">"5@B5@89 I =5 18; ?@8OB5; =0 2870=B89F8B5.  AJN7 A =53> 8 AJA AJ@18B5 0@; I 50?>;8B0=A:8 70?>G=0; >B402=0 >I5 ?>43>B2O=0B0 >B =53> =0ABJ?0B5;=0 2>9=0 ?@>B82 2870=B89F8B5. B1@0=0 8000-=0 2>9A:0 >B D@0=:8, 0@018 8 0;10=F8 >1A048;0 5@0B, => 18;0 87B@515=0 2 0?@8; 1281 3. >B 4>H;8B5 =0 ?><>I 3@JF:8 2>9A:8. <a href="#43">[43]</a> 0@; I =5 A5 C?;0H8; >B B>20 8 2 AJI0B0 >I5 3>48=0 ?@82;O:J; 2 A2>O AJN7 8 25=5F80=F8B5.  N=8 8 N;8 [?] 1281 3. ?@8AB83=0;8 2 50?>; ?@0B5=8F8  magnifici principis, imperatoris Bulgarorum ; c B578 ?@0B5=8F8 B@J3=0;8 70 J;30@8O 420<0 =50?>;8B0=A:8 @8F0@8 8@0F89 45 8:>B5@0 8 :>@D8>B >0= A?0=, 70 40 702J@H0B >B 8<5B> =0 A2>O :@0; ?@53>2>@8B5. <a href="#44">[44]</a> "5@B5@89 A5 >?8B-</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">Dem. <i>Leontari</i> Constantinopolitanum, scripsit 1474 1475 Cyropaidiam Bibl. Parisinens. </font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <img border="0" src="ki_326a.jpg" width="789" height="39"></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">39 . Avus Johannes II Asanes imp., x Mich. Pal., uxor Irene. Filiam eius Irenem uxorem duxit Jo. Cant. imp. Idcirco filius imperatoris Jo. Cant. <i>Matthaeus</i> se subscribebat q A y (Migne, PN 843). Tempore Joannis Pal. <i>Isaac Asen</i> panypersevastos, alter Isaac vide Phrantzem. Huius iunioris tumulus est q huius cantilenae. Sakellion credet versus esse Marci episc. Ephes., excepit quaedam ex vers. fratris sui Joannis Nomophyl. (fuit Flor. 1439) qui scripsit epitymbia ed. Legrand. Nota bene apud Legrand de <i>Chazaria et Gothia.</i>]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="41">41</a></b>. [<i>5>@38 "5@B5@89 I</i>.  C 0E8<5@, -<b>u</b> C 0=B0:C78=, "5@LB5@V8 2 ><5=8:0 =0 0;0C7>2.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="42">42</a></b>. [Pachymeres, Andr., II, A0@. 30. <i>0@8O</i> =5 3> (;J65-209;>) ?@87=0;0 70 AJI8=A:8, Qr x q s. !@5IC BC@F8B5.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="43">43</a></b>. Hopf, AB@. 324 8 A;. [0 >1A040B0 =0 5@0B >I5 : Pachymeres 8 Sanudo (Chron. graecorom.).]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="44">44</a></b>. 0:CH52, B0;. 0@E828, II, AB@. 28. [0 70<8=020=5B> 70 J;30@8O 7054=> A 1J;30@A:8 ?@0B5=8F8 =0 420<0 =50?>;8B0=A:8 @8F0@8 : Hopf, 0:CH52, Durrieu, Ra ki.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">327</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">20; 40 2;575 2J2 2@J7:8 A B5A0;89A:8O :=O7 20=, ?@>B82 :>3>B> 8<?5@0B>@ 8E08; ?>28:0; =0 ?><>I >309. <a href="#45">[45]</a>  A;54=0B0 3>48=0 >10G5 A8F8;89A:0B0 25G5@=O @07@CH8;0 2A8G:8 ?;0=>25 =0 0@; I 40 2J7AB0=>28 ;0B8=A:>B> 2;048G5AB2> =0 7B>:, 0 =0 11 45:5<2@8 1282 3. 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[<i>>309</i>,  25;8:K9 8 15770:>==K9 F0@L "0B0@><L >3c9 2 3@0<>B0B0 =0 :@0; 8;CB8=. @5<8=020=5B> =0 B0B0@A:8 2>9A:8 2 ?><>I =0 8<?5@0B>@ 8E08; ?@57 78<0B0 =0 1282/1283 3. 48= ?JB 10 000 B0B0@8 ?@8 <i>5A5<2@8O</i> A0 18B8 >B C@>?0;0B5A #<15@B>?C;>A (Pachymeres, I, AB@. 29). !:>@> A;54 B>20 AB020 ?@5A5;20=5 =0 <i> 2;0A8B5</i> <564C 870 8 &0@83@04 2 78O, 70 40 =5 A5 ?@8AJ548=OB :J< B0B0@8B5 (?0: B0<, II, AB@. 37).  1285 3. :C<0=8 578G=8F8, 873>=5=8 >B #=30@8O, A B0B0@8B5 =0 >309 4>H;8 4> <i>C40?5I0</i> (Huber, II, AB@. 18).]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="46">46</a></b>. O:>8 ?>3@5H=> A<OB0B, G5 A5 5 2J7:0G8; =0 ?@5AB>;0 2 1275 3. B 70:;NG8B5;=0B0 7015;56:0 2 548= AJ2@5<5= =5<C @J:>?8A (Miklosich, Mon. serb., AB@. 561; Starine, V, AB@. 31) A5 28640, :0:2> 3>48=0B0 6794 (1 A5?B. 1285  1 A5?B. 1286) 5 ?5B0B0 3>48=0 >B F0@C20=5B> <C. 8;CB8= 5 @>45= 2 1253 3. (Muralt, Chron. byz., II, AB@. 471). 20= 02;>28G AJA A1>@=8:0 A8 >B ;5B>?8A8 ?>4 703;0285  8B8O :@0;L A@1LA:K8E , 5;3@04, 1877, 1, AB@. 200, 87:0720 8725AB=8 AJ<=5=8O >B=>A=> =0H0B0 ?>?@02:0; 26. >10G5 8 <>OB0 @5F5=78O 2 as. eskeho musea, 1877, AB@. 652.  6785 3., 8=4. V = 1276/7 3. 5 F0@C20; 2A5 >I5 !B5D0= #@>H I (;8G8 >B 54=0 ?@8?8A:0 2 @J:>?8A >B >=>20 2@5<5, Starine, IX, AB@. 125), 0 2 1281 3. F0@C20; 25G5 :@0; !B5D0= @03CB8= =04 FO;0 !J@18O. 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XII. 1889 3. : 54=0 45?CB0F8O >B #=30@A:0B0 0:045<8O 5 >B:@8;0 2 BC@A:8B5 4J@602=8 0@E828 2 &0@83@04 54=0 <=>3> 206=0 40@8B5;=0 3@0<>B0 =0 <i>A@J1A:8O :@0; 8;CB8= #@>H</i> >B XIV 2. 48= B>G5= ?@5?8A 18; 87?@0B5= 8 =0 !@J1A:0B0 0:045<8O.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">328</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><i> <span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">8;CB8=</font></span></i><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"><font size="3">.<a href="#47">[47]</a> I5 ?@57 ?J@20B0 3>48=0 =0 C?@02;5=85B> A8 B>9 70275; FO;0 !525@=0 0:54>=8O, >;>3 ?>4 (0@ ?;0=8=0, !:>?85 A >:>;=>AB8B5 <C, 2G5 ?>;5, ;5B>2> 8 8O=5G:>; 4>B>3020 2870=B89A:0B0 3@0=8F0 4>AB830;0 4> :@5?>ABB0 8?;O= =0 >A>2> ?>;5. 0?045=8OB0 <C A5 ?@>AB8@0;8 4> !5@5A 8 4> ;0E8>BA:0B0 75<O, B. 5. 4> ?8@A:>B> 45A?>BAB2>. !:>@> ?>4 =53>20 2;0AB ?@5<8=0;8 8G52>, 51J@ 8 >@5G5; >B 1286 3. <C A5 ?>:>@O20;0 FO;0 >A=0 [?]. @0B <C <i>!B5D0= @03CB8=</i> F0@C20; 2 !8@<89 8 0G20. ;10=F8B5 AJI> BJ9 <C 40;8 :;5B20 70 2O@=>AB [?], 0 2 1296 3. B>9 ?@5275; 8 @0G. ;03>40@5=85 =0 ?>A@54=8G5AB2>B> =0 <09:0 A8 ;5=0 $@0=:A:0 B>9 18; 2 ?@8OB5;A:8 >B=>H5=8O A ?0?0B0 8 A 48=0AB8OB0 =6C. J< :0B>;8F8B5 A5 >B=0AO; 1;03>A:;>==>, G5@:28B5 8< =040@O20; AJA 75<8 8 18; 4065 ?>AB025= ?>4 ?>:@>28B5;AB2>B> =0 A2. 5BJ@ (1291 3.). 420 A;54 A<J@BB0 =0 ;5=0 (1314 3.) 2 8< @071@0;8, :0:2> ?@540=>ABB0 <C :J< 0?>AB>;A:8O ?@5AB>; ?@>87E>640;0 A0<> >B =525@>OB=0B0 <C 70 >=>20 2@5<5 25@>BJ@?8<>AB.  AJ25B0 <C 2 0B0@> (1305 3.) =0@54 A 420<0B0 87B>G=8 5?8A:>?8 70A54020;8 8 420<0 :0B>;8G5A:8 [?] 8 4065 8  454JB =0 1>A=5=A:8B5 1>3><8;8. <a href="#48">[48]</a>  1@0G=8B5 45;0  A25B8OB :@0; , :0:B> 3> =0@8G0;8 A;54 A<J@BB0 <C, =5 A5 AB5A=O20; <=>3>; 65=8; A5 G5B8@8 ?JB8, A;54 :0B> B@8 ?JB8 >BAB@0=O20; ?@548H=8B5 A8 65=8. "@5B0B0 A8 65=0, 4JI5@O =0 "5@B5@89, <a href="#49">[49]</a> B>9, 157 40 <C <8A;8 <=>3>, ?@540; =0 2870=B89F8B5 A;54 A:;NG20=5B> =0 <8@0 2 1298 3., 70I>B> 8A:0; 40 A5 >65=8 70 !8<>=840, 4JI5@O =0 8<?5@0B>@ =4@>=8: AB0@H8. 8;CB8= 8<0 3>;5<8 70A;C38 70 874830=5B> =0 !J@18O : ?>44J@60; BJ@3>28OB0, 8740; =>28 70:>=8 8 >A=>20; <=>3> 1>;=8F8, <0=0AB8@8 8 G5@:28. @57 G5B8@845A5B3>48H=>B> <C C?@02;5=85 !J@18O 4>AB83=0;0 B0:>20 ?>;>65=85, G5 AJ418=8B5 =0 ?>;C>AB@>20 >BB>3020 A5 @5H020;8 =5 25G5 2J2 870=B8O 8;8 2 "J@=>2>, 0 ?@8 A@J1A:8O 42>@.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">=4@>=8: AB0@H8, ?@85<=8:JB =0 8E08;, A:;NG8; A "5@B5@89 <8@ (1284 3.), A?>@54 :>9B> ?>A;54=8OB, >B;JG5= >B 1J;30@A:0B0 FJ@:20 70@048 2B>@8O A8 1@0:, 87?@0B8; A5AB@0B0 =0 A5= III 2 &0@83@04, 0 A0< ?>;CG8; >1@0B=> ?J@20B0 A8 65=0. <a href="#50">[50]</a>  1291 3. ?0?0 8:>;09 IV =0?@07=> A5 >?8B0; >B=>2> 40 ?@82;5G5 :J< C=8O  8<?5@0B>@ 5>@389 8 ?0B@80@E >0:8< III; A@J1A:0B0 :@0;8F0 ;5=0 C3>20@O;0 70 B>20 BJAB0 =0 A2>O A8=. <a href="#51">[51]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="47">47</a></b>. [<i>8;CB8=</i>. Du Cange, Hist. Byz., AB@. 163&nbsp; <b>  q</b> 2 &0@83@04. Dioscorides, ?8A0= B0< 2 6914 = 1406 3. 2J2 85=A:0B0 181;8>B5:0.  @0; 8;CB8= 2 1284 3. (Arch. Rag.) AB0=0; 75B =0 "5@B5@89.  @>5:B8@0=0B0 ?@57 ;OB>B> =0 1291 3. A@5I0 =0 :@0;8F0 ;5=0 A <i>Georgius imperator Bulgarorum</i>, =0 :>3>B> ?0?0B0 B>3020 ?8A0; ?8A<>, 70 40 3> A?5G5;8 70 C=8O (Theiner, Mon. Hung., I, AB@. 375).]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="48">48</a></b>. Ra ki, Bogomili i Patareni, Rad, VII, AB@. 168 174. Mon. Serb., AB@. 69.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="49">49</a></b>. [82H0B0 #@>H>20 65=0, 4JI5@O =0 "5@B5@89, Pachymeres, IV, A0@. 13 : AJ?@C30 =0 8E08; 45A?>B, A;54 A<J@BB0 =0 =53>20B0 65=0 (18;0 Ps =0 8<?5@0B>@ =4@>=8: II). 6. V, A0@. 13, 19. Gregoras, VI, 9, 4.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="50">50</a></b>. Pachymeres, ed. Bonn., II, AB@. 57. [0: B0<, I, A0@. 27,  87?@0B8; AJA A5AB@0B0 =0 A0= 8 54=0 4JI5@O =0 A520AB>:@0B>@ 20= >B >;O<0 ;0E8O 2 &0@83@04, :>OB> B>9 ?>;CG8; :0B> =525AB0 70 A2>O A8=, Hq,   y V. 8E08; AJA A2>OB0 A5AB@0, ?075= >B  (Henry), 0=3;8G0=8=. 8E08; O >15I0; =0 Henry  >?8B 70 1O3AB2>.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="51">51</a></b>. Theiner, Mon. Serb., AB@. 375, 377. >;C18=A:89, AB@. 83.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">329</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size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a href="#52">[52]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">J@6020B0 ?>G=0;0 40 A5 @07?040.  48= 8 2 FO;0 70?04=0 J;30@8O C?@02;O20; A0<>AB>9=> :=O7 <i>(8H<0=</i>, @>4>=0G0;=8: =0 ?>A;54=0B0 1J;30@A:0 48=0AB8O, :>9B> 18; 2 @>4=8=A:8 2@J7:8, :0:B> 8 "5@B5@852F8, A ?@84>H;>B> :C<0=A:> 1>;O@AB2>. <a href="#53">[53]</a> 0G5;> =0 1J;30@A:8 8 B0B0@A:8 ?J;G8I0 B>9 =0?04=0; =5>G0:20=> !J@18O 8 >?CAB>H0209:8 AB@0=0B0, ?@>=8:=0; 4> %2>AB=>, 345B> 8A:0; 40 >3@018 1>30B0B0 0@E85?8A:>?A:0 G5@:20 2 5G (?5:). >, :0:B> @07?@02OB, >3=5=> A8O=85 =0 =515B> 87?;0H8;> 8 @07?@JA=0;> 2>9A:0B0 <C, A;54 :>5B> 8;CB8= ?@5275; 48=. (8H<0= CA?O; A2>52@5<5==> 40 871O30 ?@57 C=02 2 <0460@A:8O !525-</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="52">52</a></b>. Nic. Gregoras, AB@. 484</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <img border="0" src="ki_329a.jpg" width="786" height="39"></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">=4@>=8: !B0@8 2J7>1=>28; 8 87483=0; A@5IC <i>A:8B8B5</i>, :>30B> ;020A C?@02;O20; "@0:8O.  Nota bene ?@>4J;6020=5B> =0 <i>B0B0@A:8B5</i> =0E;C20=8O 2J2 2870=B89A:0 "@0:8O 4>@8 4> XIV 2. 6. Nic. Gregoras. 0chymeres, Andr., I, A0@. 29. 10 000 A:8B8 <8=0;8 C=020 ?@57 J;30@8O, x t q , 2 <b> y</b>. 0G0;=8: =0 :@5?>ABB0 18; C@>?0;0B Py, =0?045=85B>, @0718; 54=> >B45;5=85, B0 18; =07=0G5= 70 s q. 0: B0<, I, A0@. 32. G0:20 A5 =0E;C20=5 =0 A:8B8B5, A p  P 7y  &, P E , Pr  u.  <b>x</b>, >B &0@83@04  { v y 8 ?@.  <i>'>:8</i>. , aga C @C=, uki, -ke C Hammer.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="53">53</a></b>. [>;O@8 2 :@0O =0 XIII 2. 4>1@5 ?>7=0B8. @0BOB0 <i>C45;8=</i> 8 <i>J@<0=</i> (0=88;, AB@. 115, >BJ <=>38EL 2@5<5=L, @0<. =0 8;. 2:>@c=82H0 A5) 2 <i>@0=8G52></i>, :C;0B0 <i>4@5;></i>, =0E;C20;8 2 #=30@8O, 3@0<>B0B0 =0 Ladislaus IV, ! 285, 4045=0 =0 C=30@5F0 Georgius, :>9B> :0B> capitaneus =0 54=0 2>9A:0 >B A54<83@04F8 8 :C<0=8 2>N20;  contra <i>Dormanum et Bulgaros</i> . (Fejr, V, 3, AB@. 224, Teutsch-Firnhaber, ! 285, AB@. LXV). J2 848= :=O7 <i> (8H<0=</i>. 0 N3 >B 0;:0=0 548= 1@0B =0 "5@B5@89 <i>;B8<8@</i>, 25@>OB=> 25G5 :0B> 45A?>B. >3JI0B0 1>;O@A:0 D0<8;8O (A;02O=A:0, =5 :C<0=A:0) =0 1@0BOB0 <i> !<8;5F, 04>A;02, >9A8;</i>, 25@>OB=> 2 L>?A0B0 8 !@54=0 3>@0 (5@. A?8A, IX, AB@. 39). @09 <>@5B> ?@54F8B5 =0 <i>0;8:</i>.  0;8 ?>E>4JB =0 J@<0= 2 1285 3. =5 5 2J2 2@J7:0 A =0E;C20=5B> =0 B0B0@8B5?  >9=8B5 =0 AJ@18B5 A@5IC <i> J@<0= 8 C45;8= </i>(<i>@0=8G52></i> 5420 B>3020 5 18;> ?@8AJ548=5=> :J< >1;0ABB0 =0 @03CB8=) 8 A@5IC (8H<0=, 8 420<0B0 A>1AB25=> ?>40=8F8 =0 <i>>309</i>. 0?;0H20=8OB0 =0 >309, ?@83>B>2;5=8O A@5IC AJ@18B5, 703@865=>ABB0 =0 8;CB8=, 87?@0B5=8 ?@0B5=8F8 A ?>40@JF8 70 E0=0, <i>:=O7 !B5D0=</i> A 1>;O@8 18;8 4045=8 70 70;>6=8F8 C >309. ;045=85B> =0 848= B>3020 A83C@=> 5 18;> 873C15=>!  1285 3., 8 O=C0@8. 0@5=85B> =0 C=30@A:8O :@0; Ladislaus, =0?@025=> =0 Mag. Georgius, :>9B> A;54 ?>5<0=5 =0 2;0ABB0 =0 <0;>;5B=8O :@0; 5 ?>1548; @C<J=A:8B5 2>92>48 <i> Lythen</i> 8 <i>Barbath</i> (partem de regno nostro, ultra Aples existentem)  =5 ?>-<0;:> A5 5 >B;8G8;, :>30B> :@0;OB  nostros homines fideles Transilvanos, una <i>cum Cumanis nostris, contra Dormanum et Bulgaros</i> misissimus, mag. Georgium eiusdem exercitus <i>capitaneum</i> praeficentes . Katona, VI, AB@. 911. Fejr, V, 3, AB@. 274. Teutsch und Firnhaber, ! 285, AB@. LXV (Regest).  <i>J@<0=</i>, 1@0B =0 C45;8=, 5 2 <i>@0=8G52A:0B0</i> >1;0AB.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">330</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">@8=A:8 0=0B. !?>@54 <8@=8O 4>3>2>@ B>9 ?>;CG8; =0704 75<8 8 A5 >65=8; 70 4JI5@OB0 =0 A@J1A:8O 6C?0= @03>H. <a href="#54">[54]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">0?;0E8B5 =0 B0B0@A:8O E0= ?@8=C48;8 "5@B5@89 40 1O30 >B >?CAB>H5=0B0 A8 AB@0=0. >;8; 40 1J45 ?@85B >B 2870=B89F8B5, => =4@>=8: =5 A5 AJ3;0A8;, 70I>B> 8 B>9 A5 AB@0EC20; >B 3=520 =0 >309. 5I0AB=8OB F0@ A5 :@85; B>3020 2 >:>;=>AB8B5 =0 4@8=, 4>:0B> =09-?>A;5 2870=B89F8B5 =5 3> ?@0B8;8 =0 70B>G5=85 : [3>48=0B0 5 AJ2J@H5=> =5A83C@=0, A;54 1291].</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">"0B0@A:8OB E0= ?>AB028; =0 1J;30@A:8O ?@5AB>; (>:>;> 1292 3.) :0B> F0@-40==8: 1>;O@8=0 <i>!<8;5F</i> <a href="#55">[55]</a> (w), 65=5= 70 3J@:8=O, 4JI5@O =0 A520AB>:@0B>@ >=AB0=B8= 8 A5AB@8=8F0 =0 8<?5@0B>@ =4@>=8: II. <a href="#56">[56]</a> 5<8B5 <C A5 =0<8@0;8 :@09 @. ">?>;=8F0, 345B> 8 4> 4=5A >I5 ?@8 A. :8468 <564C "0B0@ 070@468: 8 EB8<0= <>30B 40 A5 284OB @0720;8=8B5 =0  !<8;5F>28O <0=0AB8@ , ?>AB@>5=, A?>@54 =0<8@0I8O A5 B0<</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="54">54</a></b>. 0=88;, AB@. 117 119. @0<>B0B0 =0 8;CB8= 5 4045=0 2 ?JB5H5AB285B> =0 @83>@>28G, AB@. 44. `afaYik, Gesch. der sdslav. Liter. III, AB@. 22, >B=0AO B>20 AJ18B85 :J< 1292 3.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="55">55</a></b>. [<i>!<8;5F</i>. # 0=88;, AB@. 124, !<8;LFJ.  Philes (26. Christl. Elem., AB@. 79). !@2. 5@. A?8A, IX, 70 !<8;5F 8 ?@.  Pachymeres, Andr., V, A0@. 18,</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"> <img border="0" src="ki_330a.jpg" width="787" height="62"></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">=58= x Eltimer. <0 B@8<0 >=AB0=B8=>2F8 : 1. >=AB0=B8=, <i>1@0B =0 8<?5@0B>@ 8E08;</i>, A520AB>:@0B>@ 8 8<?5@0B>@; 2. >=AB0=B8= >@D8@>35=5B, <i>1@0B</i> =0 8<?5@0B>@ =4@>=8: II; 3. @C3 5 <i>>=AB0=B8=</i>, A8= =0 =4@>=8: II >B =0 #=30@A:0, B2J@45 <;04.  0: B0<, VI, A0@. 35 (hic <b> w</b> in inacr. capituli).]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="56">56</a></b>. >4>A;>2=0 B01;8F0 =0 "5@B5@852F8 8 =0 ?J@28B5 1J;30@A:8 @>4>25:</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="ki_330b.jpg" width="792" height="454"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">0) Pachymeres, I, AB@. 406. 1) 0: B0<, AB@. 446. 2) 0=88;, AB@. 124. 3) !8=>48:JB ( 0:>2A:8, A5=, AB@. 52); [Pachymeres, ., V, A0@. 10.] 4) Stritter, AB@. 781, 786. 5) Cantacuzenus, I, AB@, 13. Gregoras (Stritter, AB@. 812).</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">331</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">=04?8A,  >B :=O7 !<8;5F 2 1286 3. 2 F0@C20=5B> =0 5>@38 "5@B5@89 : <a href="#57">[57]</a> [1@0B <C 5 A?><5=0B :0B> A520AB@>:@0B>@ 8 45A?>B].</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">>309 3>B28; AJI0B0 CG0AB 8 70 AJ@18B5, => 8;CB8= AJC<O; 40 ?@54>B2@0B8 =5I0AB85B>, => 70B>20 B@O120;> 40 87?@0B8 2 E0=A:8O ;035@ :0B> 70;>6=8F8 A8=0 A8 !B5D0= 8 =5:>;F8=0 1>;O@8. <a href="#58">[58]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">564C B>20 >309 A5 A:0@0; A ">:B09, :><CB> A0< 15 ?><>3=0; 40 ?>;CG8 ?J@25=AB2> 2 ;0B=0B0 >@40. !;54 4J;3>3>48H=0 1>@10 B>9 18; @0=5= 2 54=> A@065=85 >:>;> 4=5H=0B0 45A0 8 C<@O; ?@57 2@5<5 =0 1O3AB2> (1293 3.). <a href="#59">[59]</a> !8= <C '>:8 <a href="#60">[60]</a> () c >AB0BJF8B5 >B 10I8=0B0 A8 2>9A:0 ?>B53;8; ?@>B82 J;30@8O. &0@ !<8;5F ?>8A:0; ?><>I ?@>B82 =53> >B AJ@18B5, 70B>20 ><J68; 4JI5@O A8 70 :=O7 !B5D0=, :>9B> 15 CA?O; 40 871O30 >B B0B0@A:8O ?;5=. <a href="#61">[61]</a> !:>@> >10G5 !<8;5F B@O120;> 40 >BABJ?8 =0 '>:8 [?], :>9B> 70O28; =0A;54AB25=8B5 A8 ?@020 =04 J;30@8O :0B> 75B =0 "5@B5@89 8 A5 3>B25; 40 O 702;0455; 70 B>20 ?@54?@8OB85 B>9 A5 A3>2>-</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="57">57</a></b>. 0E0@852, AB@. 76. <5B> !<8;, !<8;:> 8 4>A530 A5 A@5I0 2 [0:54>=8O.  8;048=>2F8, AB@. 529; <5AB=8 8<5=0?]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="58">58</a></b>. 0=88;, AB@. 120 8 A;.</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="59">59</a></b>. !?>@54 Muralt, II, AB@. 462, 1293 3.; A?>@54 Hammer, Gesch. der Gold. Horde, Pest 1840, AB@. 273 1299 3. [0 <i>>30528=</i> :@09 C 1C;D54, 0H845448=, >208@8, 8;CB8=>20B0 3@0<>B0 = 0=88;, AB@. 122. !@2. @C=, II, AB@. 354. >9=0B0 C6 B@0O;0 7 3>48=8. !?>@54 >@85=B0;A:8B5 872>@8 2 3>48=0B0 >B E846@0 699 = 1298/1299. O3AB2>B> =0 <i>0;0=8B5</i> 2J2 2870=B89A:0B0 8<?5@8O.  25;<>68B5 =0 :>@018 871O30;8 2 &0@83@04 ( 0chymeres). <i>>3052>B></i> 8<5 :0B> 5B=>3@0DA:8 87@07. Nota bene 0780BA:0B0 ;8B5@0BC@0 70 >309 8 B. =. !@2. @C=.  <i>>309 E0=</i>. 5B>?8AL ?> ?0BA:><C A?8A:C, 1871, AB@. 570 : 2 1266 3. <OB56L 25;8:L 2J A0<cEJ B0B0@cEL.  !B@. 578 : 2 1277 (6785) 3.  ?@8A;0 >:0=L=K9 8 1570:>=L=K9 >309 (?>30=K9) ?>A;K A2>O "5HG03, CB;C1C3 8 H8<CB ?@8 520, AB8A;020, >;L45<8@0, ?@54;0309:8 8< ?><>I A@5IC ;8B20=F8B5.  !B@. 581 : 2 1280 3. C<@O; >;5A;02 >;A:8 (26. Annales Polonica, ed. Pertz, 1866, AB@. 65 A;.), 52 87?@0B8;  : <i>>30528</i>, >:0=L=><C, ?@>:;OB><C 70 ?><>I A@5IC ;5E8B5, 87?@0B8; >=G0:, >@59, CB010=, =0E;C20=5 :J< !C4><8@.  !B@. 585 : 2 1282 3.  >:0=L=K9 8 1570:>=L=K9 <i>>309</i> 8 <i>"5;51C30</i> 2L 157G8A;5=><J <=>65AB2c =0 #3@K , @CA:8B5 :=O75 18;8 >B BOE, 52, AB8A;02, .@89 2>28G.  !B@. 587 : >309 8 "5;51C30 A5 ;CB0;8 30 4=8 2 ?;0=8=8B5 (0@?0B8B5), 3;04, 7038=0;8 C6 100 000 4CH8. !B@. 587 : 2 1283 3. <i>"5;51C30</i> A5 >B?@028; A@5IC ;OE8B5, A >309 18; 2  =5;N1>2K , AB83=0; 4>@8 4> !C4><8@. >309 (AB@. 589) ?> 4@C3 ?JB AB83=0; 4>@8 4> @5<8AJ; 8 @0:>2.  !B@. 591 : 2 1287 3. "5;51C30 A @CA8B5 A5 >B?@028; A@5IC ?>;OF8B5.  <i>>23>@>4A:8B5 ;5B>?8A8</i>, I, AB@. 302 : 2 1291 3.  <OB56J 2J B0B0@cEJ : >3C9 F0@L <i>C18</i> "5;51C3C F0@O 8 ;3CO F0@O .  %0= "5;51C30 C?@02;O20; F0@AB2>B> 7054=> A 548= 1@0B 8 420<0 G8G>2F8 4> 1291 3. Hammer Purgstall, Geschichte der goldenen Horde in Kiptschak, 262. AB@.  Mittheilungen aus dem Vatikan, Archive II. Eine Wiener Briefsammlung, ed. O. Redlich, Wien, 1894, AB@. 248 250. 1287, <i>11 0?@8; 0DD0</i>, Fr. Ladislaus, :CAB>A 2 @8<, 2J@EC AJ18B8OB0 2 <>=3>;A:0B0 75<O 4> Fr. Laurentius, :>9B> 18; 87?@0B5= 70 35=5@0; =0 @45=0 =0 <8=>@8B8B5.  Imperatores enim <i>Thelebuga et Nogay</i> , B5E=8OB ?@0B5=8: <i>in civitas Solhatensis</i> 70 :0<10=0B0, ?0@8G=0 3;>10  @3> destructione ecclesie et campana depositione =0 A0@0F8=8B5 2 <i>Acnepy</i>.  In eisdem quoque diebus venit <i>Jaylak imperatrix</i>, maior et potentior <i>uxor Nohay</i> , 2 !>;E0B, 8A:0;0 40 1J45 ?>:@JAB5=0, 18;0 ?>:@JAB5=0  in civitate que vocatur <i>Kerqueti</i> , 345B> 87483=0;0 8 FJ@:20. 7?@0B5=0 >B <i>Argum</i>.  Karichinus Ungarus interpres noster C<@O;  54;8E ?@5?@0I0 :J< :@0;8F0 Elegage, Waddingt Ann. Minorum, 5, AB@. 169.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="60">60</a></b>. [<i>'>:8</i> (). !@2. BC@G8=0 <i>Tzachs</i> =0 3@JF:8B5 >AB@>28. . . (=5 A5 G5B5) 2 =0G0;>B> =0 F0@C20=5B> =0 ;5:A89 I ><=8=.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="61">61</a></b>. 0=88;, AB@. 124. [!?>@54 0=88; A20B10B0 =0 !<8;5F>20B0 4JI5@O AJA !B5D0= !@J1A:8 5 AB0=0;0 A;54 ?040=5B> =0 >309.  !<8;5F 871O30; 7054=> A 1@0BOB0 A8 04>A;02 8 >9A8; 2J2 870=B89A:0B0 8<?5@8O. ">9 A:>@> C<@O;, 8=0: 2870=B89F8B5 IOE0 0 87?@0BOB =53> A0<8O :0B> ?@5B5=45=B, 0 =5 04>A;02.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;<img border="0" src="line_down.gif" width="596" height="18"></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="2">332</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">@8; A HC@5O A8 ">4>@ !25B>A;02 <a href="#62">[62]</a> (Hw 8;8 q), AJI8O, :>9B> 15 ?@5:0@0; 45BA:8B5 A8 3>48=8 7054=> A <09:0 A8 2 8:5O :0B> 70;>6=8:. 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"0B0@A:8OB C7C@?0B>@ [?] =5>G0:20=> 18; E20=0B, E2J@;5= 2 BJ<=8F0, 8 B0< 18; C4CH5= >B ?0;0G8 52@58. !25B>A;02 87?@0B8; 3;020B0 =0 '>:8 =0 2@03>25B5 <C 2 @8< [=0 ">:B09]. 0B@80@E >0:8< III, <a href="#65">[65]</a> >B402=0 70?>4>7@O= :0B> ?@82J@65=8: =0 B0B0@8B5 8 2 87<O=0 =0 >B5G5AB2>B>, ?0: ?> !25B>A;02>20 70?>254 18; E2J@;5= >B 54=0 >B :@5?>AB=8B5 A:0;8 =0 "J@=>2>. !;54 B578 A8 @5H8B5;=8 459AB28O !25B>A;02 :0B> >A2>1>48B5; =0 >B5G5AB2>B> >B 0780BA:8B5 G5@30@8 70275; ?@5AB>;0 =0 A5=>2F8. <a href="#66">[66]</a></font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Palatino Linotype"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="62">62</a></b>. [<i>">4>@ !2<img border="0" src="ki_332a.jpg" width="14" height="12">BA;02J</i>. (Hw 8;8 q). 5 B@O120 40 AB>8 g, 70I>B>  8  C 0=B0:C78= 2 8B0;80=A:8B5 8<5=0 A5 C?>B@51O20;8 70 <i>4</i> : <i>45</i>  s, A@2. C=30@A:0B0 3@0<>B0 >B 1271 3.  <5B> <i>">4>@</i> >G5284=> 5 ;N18<> C <i>:C<0=A:8B5</i> ?>B><F8 2 J;30@8O : B>9 5 <i>?>:@>28B5; =0 O740G8B5</i> 8 4> 4=5A 2 J;30@8O, ">4>@>2 45=.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="63">63</a></b>.  1J;30@A:8O ?><5=8: 5 =0@5G5=0 B0:0. !?>@54 0E8<5@ =59=>B> 8<5 18;> y. [@C= A?>@54 >@85=B0;A:8 872>@8 B2J@48, G5 A '030 8<0;> A0<> 1000 4CH8. A:0; q  (Pachymeres). ;O7J; 2 "J@=>2>, =0:0@0; 40 C18OB '030 2 700 3. >BE846@0  1299/1300 3.  ;0 C 5B>E8B 25G5 2 1298 3. 5 A?><5=0B :0B> y !25B8A;02? "0< >G5284=> 5 7030B=0B0 <i>Smiltzaina</i>. 5OA=0 @5B>@8:0. !?><5=020 A5 q =0 8<?5@0B>@ =4@>=8: 2 J;30@8O (A;54>20B5;=> Smiltzaina) 8 y S {, x % q s, A530 =>2>?@8AB83=0;, t { { y { (3>45=8:). !?>@54 0E8<5@ 75BOB =0 !<8;F08=0 5 ;B8<8@, => B>9 =5 5 s. ;8 !25B8<i>A;02</i>? 0 =53>28O 1@0: AJA !<8;5F>20B0 4JI5@O =O<0 =8I> 2 872>@8B5. q =0 8<?5@0B>@0 (!<8;F08=0) :0B> <i>2;045B5;:0 =0 J;30@8O</i>, A?>@54 5B>E8B, 8 BO 8A:0 1@0: A #@>H II, I5 <C 4>=5A5 2;045=85B> 8 =04 J;30@8O. 8I> =5 A5 :0720 70 !<8;5F (25G5 C<@O;?). 8I> 70 !25B>A;02, :>9B> 2A5 ?0: 5 1@0B =0 B@5B0B0 65=0 =0 #@>H, 70 G89B> @072>4 5 18; 2J?@>A. x { 18 <>3J; 40 1J45 8 !B5D0=, #@>H>2 A8=, G8OB> 65=0 5 18;0 !<8;5F>20 4JI5@O, 702J@=0; A5 >B "0B0@8O.  D@>A8=8O 5 <i><0=0AB8@A:> </i>8<5.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="64">64</a></b>. [<5B> =0 1>30B8O BJ@3>25F <i>0=B>;5>=</i> 5 0=B0;5>=  35=C57:> 8<5 (@8<).]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="65">65</a></b>. [0B@80@E <i>>0:8< III</i>. >30 5 18; 1;03>A:;>=5= :J< B0B0@8B5, <>65 18 ?@8 ?040=5B> =0 "5@B5@89 8 2J7F0@O20=5B> =0 !<8;5F? '5 18; <i> E2J@;5=</i> >B :@5?>AB=8B5 A:0;8 =0 "J@=>2>  u, => "J@=>2> 3> =O<0 2 872>@8B5.  !@2. Leon Sguros : =0:0 @0; 40 E2J@;OB <i>>@8=BA:8O</i> 0@E85?8A:>? >B :@5?>AB=8B5 A:0;8. Gregorovius, I, AB@. 291.]</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3">&nbsp;</font></span></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="BG" style="font-family: Arial Unicode MS"> <font size="3"><b><a name="66">66</a></b>. Pachymeres, II, AB@. 264 8 A;. 6. AJI> 87B>G=8B5 8725AB8O C %0<5@, ?>A. AJG. ">9 ?8H5 oke, uke, => =09-G5AB> oki.</font></span></p> </blockquote> <p class="MsoPlainText">&nbsp;</p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><span lang="en-gb"><font size="3"> <span style="font-family: Palatino Linotype">[<a style="text-decoration: none" href="ki_17.htm">Previous</a>] </span></font></span><font size="3"> <span style="font-family: Palatino Linotype">[<a style="text-decoration: none" href="ki_19.htm">Next</a>]</span></font></p> <p class="MsoPlainText"><font size="3"> <span style="font-family: Palatino Linotype">[<a href="index.html" style="text-decoration: none">Back to Index</a>]</span></font></p> </body> </html>